The Final decision with Mawlana Sanaullah Amritsari

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad published an advertisement labelled ‘Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib Amritsari ke saath aakhri faisla’, on 15 April 1907:

Transliteration :

“Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib Amritsari ke saath aakhri faisla

Ba khidmat Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib,
Assalaamu ala man ittaba’a al huda

Muddat se aap ke parchay Ahl Hadees me meri takzeeb aur tafseeq ka silsila jaari hai. Hamesha mujhay aap apnay is parchay mein mardood kazzaab dajjaal mufsad ke naam se mansoob kartay hain aur dunya me meri nisbat shohrat daitay hain ke yeh shaks muftari aur kazzaab aur dajjaal hai aur is shaks ka dawa maseeh maud honay ka sarasar iftara hai.

Mainay aap se bohot dukh utthaya aur sabr karta raha. Magar chunanchay main dekhta houn ke main haq ke phelaanay ke liye mamoor houn aur aap bohot se iftara meray par kar kay dunya ko meri taraf aanay se roktay hain. Aur mujhay in gaaliyon aur in tohmataun aur in alfaaz se yaad kartay hain ke jin se barrh kar koi lafz sakht nahi ho sakta.

Agar mein aisa hi kazzaab aur muftari houn jaisa ke aksar aukaat aap apnay har ek parchay me mujhay yaad kartay hain to main aap ki zindagi me hi halaak ho jaoun ga kyounkay main jaanta houn ke mufsad aur kazzaab ki bohot umr nahi hoti aur aakhir vo zillat aur hasrat ke saath apnay ashad dushmano ki zindagi me na-kaam halaak ho jata hai. Aur us ka halaak hona hi behtar hota hai ta khuda ke bandaun ko tabaah na karay.

Aur agar main kazzaab aur muftari nahi houn aur khuda kay mukaalma aur mukhatba se (musharraf) houn aur maseeh maud houn to main khuda ke fazl se umeed rakhta houn ke sunnat Allah ke (muwafiq) aap mukkazzabeen ki saza se nahi bachain ge.

Pas agar vo saza jo insaan ke haathaun se nahi, balkay mehez khuda ke haathaun se hai jaisay taoon haiza waghera halak bemaariyan aap par meri zindagi me hi na hueen to main khuda tala ki taraf se nahi.

Yeh kisi ilhaam ya wahi ki bana par paishgoi nahi mehz dua ke tor par mainay khuda se faisla chaha hai. Aur main khuda se dua karta houn kay aey meray maalik baseer-o-qadeer jo aleem-o-khabeer (waghaira) hai jo meray dil ke halaat se waqaf hai agar yeh dawa maseeh maud honay ka mehz meray nafs ka iftara hai aur main teri nazar me mufsad aur kazzaab houn aur din raat iftara karna mera kaam hai to aey meray pyaaray maalik main aajzi se teri janaab me dua karta houn ke molvi Sanaullah Sahib ki zindagi me mujhay halaak kar aur meri maut se un ko aur un ki jamaat ko khush kar de. Aameen.

Magar aey meray kaamil saadiq khuda. Agar molvi Sanaullah in tohmtaun me jo mujh par lagata hain haq par nahi, to main aajzi se teri janaab me dua karta houn ke meri zindagi me hi in ko naabood kar. Magar na insaani haathaun se balkay taoon o haiza waghera imraaz helka se baghair us soorat kay keh vo khullay khullay tor par meray roo-ba-roo (face to face) aur meri jamaat ke saamnay in tamaam gaaliyon aur bad-zubaanaun se taubah karay jin ko vo farz (mansabi) samajh kar hamesha mujhay dukh deta hai. Aameen ya Rabb-ul-aalameen.

Main un kay haath se bohot sataya gaya aur sabr karta raha. Magar ab mein dekhta houn ke unki bad-zubaani had se guzar gaee. Vo mujhay un choraun aur daaku-aun se bhi bad-tar jaan tay hain jin ka wajood dunya ke liye sakht nuqsaan rasaan hota hai aur unhaun ne in tohmtaun aur bad-zubaaniyaun me aayat (Laa taqfa ma laisa….)

par bhi amal nahi kiya aur tamaam dunya se mujhay bad-tar samajh liya. Aur door door mulkaun (countries) tak meri nisbat ye phela diya ke ye shaks dar haqeeqat mufsada aur ttag aur dukaandaar aur kazzaab aur muftari aur nihaayat darjay ka bud aadmi hai.

Sau agar aisay kalmaat haq ke taalbaun par bad-asar na daal tay to main in tohmtaun par sabr karta.Magar main dekhta houn ke molvi Sanaullah unhi tohmtaun ke zariye se meray silsilay ko nabood karna chahta hai aur is imaarat ko (munhadim) karna chahta hai jo tu nay aey meray aaqa aur meray bhejnay waalay apnay haath se banaee hai.

Is liye main teray hi taqaddus aur rahmat ka daaman pakarr kar teri janaab me maltaji houn ke mujh mein aur Sanaullah mein saccha faisla farma aur vo jo teri nigaah me dar haqeeqat (mufsid) aur kazzaab hai us ko saadiq ki zindagi me hi dunya se uttha le. Ya kisi aur nihaayat sakht aafat me jo maut ke baraabar ho mubtala kar.

Aey meray pyaaray maalik tu aisa hi kar. Aameen. Sum Aameen.

Ba aakhir molvi Sahib se iltamaas hai ke vo meray is tamaam mazmoon ko apnay parchay me cchaap dain aur jo chaahain is kay neechay likh dain. Ab faisla khuda ke haath me hai.

Translation :

“To Molvi Sanaullah Sahib,
Salaam on those who follow guidance.

For some time, my rejection and disapproval has been going on in your magazine Ahle Hadees. You always refer to me as accursed, liar, dajjaal, mutinous and you publicise to the world regarding me, that this person is a fabricator and liar and dajjaal and this person’s claim of being Maseeh Maud is a fabrication.

I have suffered a lot of pain from you and I kept exhibiting patience. But because I see that I have been commissioned to spread truth and you are preventing people from coming to me due to your slanders against me. And you refer to me with swearing and slanders and in such words that there are no words harsher.

And if I am such a liar and fabricator as you have oftentimes referred to me as in each of your publications then I will be destroyed in your lifetime because I know that a fabricator and liar does not have a long life span and in the end, after degradation and languish, he becomes destroyed in the lifetime of his staunch opponents. And it is better for him to be destroyed so he does not misguide God’s people.

And if I am not a liar and fabricator and I am honoured by God’s dialogue and address and am Maseeh Maud then with the Grace of God I am hopeful that according to the Practice of Allah you will not escape from the punishment received by liars.

Hence if you are not inflicted with such punishment which is not from the hands of human beings but is only in the Hands of Allah like plague or cholera or such illness in my lifetime then I am not from God Almighty.

This is not a prophecy on the basis of any revelation or inspiration but is merely a Verdict which I have asked from God in the form of a prayer. And I pray to God that O my Master Baseer and Qadeer Who is Aleem and Khabeer and Who is Aware of the condition of my heart. If this claim of being Maseeh Maud is from my own nafs (mind) and if I am corrupt and a liar in Your Eyes and if i forge lies against You day and night then O my Beloved Master I humbly pray to You that destroy me in the lifetime of Molvi Sanaullah Sahib and make my death a source of happiness for him and his Jamaat. Aameen.

But O my completely Truthful God. If Molvi Sanaullah is not truthful in the slanders he attributes to me, then I humbly pray to You to annihilate him in my lifetime. But not from the hands of human beings, in fact from plague or cholera or such diseases with the exception of such a case that he openly and face to face in front of me and my Jamaat, repents from his swearing and bad language which he considers as obligatory and always hurts me. Aameen O Lord of the Worlds.

I have been tortured by him a lot and I have remained patient. But now I see that his slanders have surpassed the limit. He considers me worse than those thieves and dacoits whose presence in the world is extremely harmful. And in his slanders, he didn’t even act on the verse (…..) and he considered me worse than everyone in the world. And it has been spread in far and wide countries that this person is in reality an illustrator and a marauder and liar and an innovator and an extremely low class abominable person.

If they had not cast bad accusations against the speakers of truth then I would have remained patient against these slanders. But I see that Maulvi Sanaullah wishes to use these slanders to annihilate my continuance and he wishes to dismantle the building, which You O my Master and the One Who has Sent me, Have Created with Your Own Hand.

Because of this I hold onto Your Sanctity and Your Mercy and I supplicate to You to Give the True Verdict between me and Sanaullah and he who in Your View is indeed the liar to be taken from this world in the lifetime of the truthful one. Or for him to be indulged in any other calamity which is similar to death. O my Beloved Master, do just that. Aameen.

In the end I request Maulvi Sahib to publish this article in his magazine and he may write whatever he wishes underneath it. Now the verdict is in God’s Hands.

The writer: The servant of Allah as-Samad, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Promised Messiah, may Allah protect him and support him.

15 April 1907″
– Majmua-e-ishtaharat 3, P578,-580 (direct link to the page)

Points to note:

  • If Mirza was a liar and fabricator as claimed by Mawlana, then Mirza would be destroyed in the Mawlana’s life.
  • If Mirza was not a liar/fabricator and is indeed the promised Messiah, then Mirza was hopeful the Mawlana would not escape the punishment liars receive. The punishment would not be from the hands of humans, rather a punishment from God, like the plague, cholera etc.
  • If the Mawlana was not afflicted with such a punishment during Mirza’s life, then Mirza was NOT from Almighty God.
  • This was NOT a prophecy based on revelation/inspiration (wahee/ilhaam), rather it was Mirza asking for a verdict in form of a dua.
  • If in God eyes, Mirza was a corrupt liar who forged lies against god, then Mirza prayed to be destroyed in the Mawlana’s life.

So, was it a Mubahilah?

According to the terms of a Mubahilah, both parties must accept and mutually invoke the curse of Allah on the liars. Though Sanaullah printed Mirza’s prayer in his magazine on 26 April 1907, he wrote that he did not find the prayer acceptable. So if this was really a mubahalah, then Mirza should be off the hook. Unfortunately for Ahmadis, all the evidence shows that this was a one-sided prayer.
Take a look at the announcement itself. First, the obvious points: Is the word “Mubahilah” mentioned? No. Does Mirza Ghulam Ahmad at any point mention that this dua only applies if Maulana Sanaullah also makes the dua? No. The closest thing is his final statement, in which he requests that Sanaullah republish Mirza’s prayer in his journal. Nevertheless, the Ahmadis focus on this statement and by way of deceptive translations try to change the meaning. For example:
Perceiving that Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib was not prepared to take a definite stand, the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, published an announcement under the heading, “Final decision concerning Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib,” and concluded it with the statement:
  • Now Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib may write in response whatever he pleases. In case he accepts the challenge to a mubahilah he should record his acceptance of it over his signature.

This translation is so wrong there is really no need to comment on it. Another example:

But because the mubahala challenge cannot be concluded by one party alone and the concurrence of the other party is equally essential, Hazrat Mirza Sahib, therefore, in order to finalize the mubahala challenge, put forward two demands in his notification: Firstly, that he should publish the notification in his newspaper Ahli Hadees, and secondly, write whatever he wishes underneath it (that is, write his own conditions, if any under it clearly). The decision then is in the hands of God.
Besides the blatant attempts to read a Mubahilah challenge into the announcement when there is none, it should be noted that in the original Urdu announcement Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wrote “Now (ab) the verdict is in the Hands of God,” not “Then (phir)”.
It turns out that even Ahmadi sources (before Mirza’s death) attest to this being a one-sided dua. See below.

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s diary

On 25 April 1907, only ten days after the publication of the prayer announcement, the following entry from Mirza’s diary was published in the Ahmadiyya community newspaper, Badr:

ثناء الله کے متعلق جو لکھا گیا ہے یہ در اصل ہماری طرف سے نہیں بلکہ خدا تعالی ہی کی طرف سے اس کئی بنیاد رکھی گئی ہے . ایک دفعہ ہماری توجہ اس طرف ہوئی اور رات کو توجہ اس کی طرف تھی اور رات کو الہام ہوا کہ “أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ” . صوفیا کے نزدیک بڑی کرامت استجابت دعا ہی ہے . باقی سب اس کی شاخیں ہیں
What has been written in connection with Sanaullah is actually not from us, but its foundation was laid by God. One time this subject was on our mind, and at night as our attention was on this the ilham (revelation) occurred: “I answer the call of the caller”. For the sufis the biggest miracle is the acceptance of prayers. Everything else is its branches.
[Akhbar Badr. 6 (17) (Qadian). 25 April 1907. pp. 7–8. Reproduced in Malfuzat. Vol. 5. p. 206Alternate link. Old edition: Vol. 9, p. 268]

Evidently, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad has stated here that his prayer about Sanaullah was accepted. We have already mentioned the result of this prayer.

Letter to Sanaullah, Badr, 13 June 1907

Maulana Sanaullah wrote to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad requesting a copy of one his books. A copy of the reply was published in Badr.

Your letter reached the Promised Messiah, upon whom be prayers and peace, on 3 June 1907, in which, with reference to Akhbar Badr of 4 April 1907, you have requested a copy of the book Haqiqatul Wahi. Its response is as follows: The intention of sending you the book was so long as you would read it before the Mubahilah […] By refusing this Mubahilah you found a way to escape from punishment. But now Divine Fate has caught you another way – Hazrat Hujjat Allah (Mirza Ghulam Ahmad) has made a dua against you, and so has chosen another way of reaching a verdict. This way, all the conditions that applied to the mubahilah are no longer agreed to as the mubahilah has been cancelled.Therefore the need to send you the book no longer remains […]
Note: The terms of the mubahilah according to the notice in the aforementioned Badr of 4 April 1907 were as follows: Mirza Ghulam Ahmad would publish an announcement declaring that all the “revelations” in his book Haqiqatul Wahiwere truly from God. Maulana Sanaullah would be sent a copy of the book as well, and after reading it he would publish his own announcement in which he pointed out which revelations he declared to not be from God. In their respective announcements each would invoke the curse of Allah on the liar. Maulana Sanaullah declined to participate in this mubahilah before Mirza’s announcement on 15 April 1907.

Badr, 22 August 1907

An article was published in Sanaullah’s Ahl-i Hadis magazine in response to an article in Badr. The writer of the article in Badr wrote a counter-response. At one point he writes:

After the next two lines, in which he calls me “Mirzai” and other names, he has written the following lie: “The Mirzai now says that Mirza Sahib has done mubahilah with Maulvi Sanaullah Amritsari that ‘He shall die in my lifetime; surely he shall die.’” I have never mentioned mubahilah, because Maulvi Sanaullah has never come in front of His Holiness for mubahilah, and he will never have the courage to do so. For the liar can never, ever, compete with the truthful one. Again and again he has been called for mubahalah, but he refused, because that is his tactic – he always finds a way to escape. Finally Divine Fate has caught him from a different route – His Holiness the Promised Messiah, upon whom be prayers and peace, has issued an announcement entitled “Final Verdict with Maulvi Sanaullah” in which solely through dua he has sought the verdict from God, and not through mubahalah. Poor Maulvi Sanaullah, with what courage can he compete in dua with the Glorious Lord’s champion?
Outcome of Mirza Ghulam’s Dua
Mirza supplicated:

Aur main khuda se dua karta houn kay aey meray maalik baseer-o-qadeer jo aleem-o-khabeer hai jo meray dil ke halaat se waqaf hai agar yeh dawa maseeh maud honay ka mehz meray nafs ka iftara hai aur main teri nazar me mufsad aur kazzaab houn aur din raat iftara karna mera kaam hai to aey meray pyaaray maalik main aajzi se teri janaab me dua karta houn ke molvi Sanaullah Sahib ki zindagi me mujhay halaak kar aur meri maut se un ko aur un ki jamaat ko khush kar de.

And I pray to God that O my Master Baseer and Qadeer Who is Aleem and Khabeer and Who is Aware of the condition of my heart. If this claim of being Maseeh Maud is from my own nafs (mind) and if I am corrupt and a liar in Your Eyes and if i forge lies against You day and night then O my Beloved Master I humbly pray to You that destroy me in the lifetime of Molvi Sanaullah Sahib and make my death a source of happiness for him and his Jamaat.
Mirza’s prayer was answered and divine judgement was eventually passed. Mirza died in 1908, reportedly telling his father in law: ‘Meer sahab mujhay wabai haiza ho gaya hai’ (Meer sahab i am suffering from cholera)’ whilst on his deathbed. Mawalana Sanaullah however, lived a few more decades after Mirza’s death.
In attempts to save face, Ahmadis quote events which took place at the end of the Mawlana’s life. During 1947 there was a riot in Amritsar where the Mawlana’s son was murdered and rioters looted and burnt down his house. The grief caused by the loss of his son, along with his collection of books which were burnt in the fire eventually lead to the death of Mawlana.

To remind Ahmadis, as per the prayer of Mirza, the liar was supposed to die within the life of the truthful and the punishment was supposed to be from God, in form of Cholera of plague. Sanaullah did not die during Mirza’s life and did not die from a disease. It was Mirza who died first and who was suffering from Cholera on his deathbed, thus proven a liar by divine judgement.