As we continue to go through “Kitab ul Barriya” (1897) pages 163-173, we continue to find more and more data on Abdul Hameed and how MGA really sent him to murder Dr. Clark. We have archived the initial statement by Abdul Hameed here. It seems that he gave an extended story to the court at Gurdaspur. MGA seems to have archived that statement and many others in his book as mentioned in the above sentences.
Statement on solemn affirmation of the prosecution witness Abdul Hameed, son of Sultan Mahmud, resident of Jhelum Caste Gakhkhar, age 17 years, Stated:
I am now seeking Christianity. Formerly, I was a Muslim. Four months ago, I went to the Christians at Gujrat. At that time I did not know Mirza sahib. I was a mate at the Mong Civil Relief Works under Jan Muhammad Babu. I stayed for two or three months with the Christians at Gujrat. There the Muslims had converted me; hence I had came to Gujrat. Mirza sahib has many followers at Gujrat. They sent me to Qadian. When I went there, my uncle Burhan-ud-Din was not in Qadian at that time. I had been advised to go to Qadian to have my doubts removed. I was taught by Maulvi Nur-ud-Din and Mirza sahib. The Quran was not taught. On coming from Gujrat I stayed at Qadian for only four days. I had gone back to Jhelum and stayed in the house of uncle Luqman. I did not go to the house of Burhan-ud-Din. My paternal uncle Maulvi Burhan-ud-Din Ghazi is there, and he is a follower of Mirza sahib. My other paternal uncle is Luqman but he is not a follower of Mirza sahib. My mother married Luqman after the death of my father and has also children by him. Both of my paternal uncles brought me up. After a stay of two or three days at Jhelum I returned to Qadian. Mirza sahib held me very dear. One day he took me to a separate house and said: “Go to Amritsar and stone Dr. Clarke to death”. I said: “Why should I do this?” Mirza sahib said: “If you commit this murder while in the religion of Islam you will become a chosen one”. To begin with he used to teach me. Subsequently when Mirza sahib asked me to commit murder, he said this to me: “Now work as a labourer for four or five days so that people think that you have been a labourer”. Then he said this: “When you are going away, abuse me when you go”. I departed to Amritsar and went to Doctor sahib, the plaintiff in this case, and said: “I have come to become a Christian.” Doctor sahib looked after me very well and sent me to the Hospital. Mirza sahib had said: “First give your name as Ralya Ram, then as Abdul Majeed, saying that you acquired this name after becoming a Muslim”. I stayed with Doctor sahib at Amritsar for about a month. First I remained at Amritsar for five or six days. Then I remained at Beas. The sheet exhibit ‘H’ included in the file has been written by me. I had written this out and given to Doctor sahib as confession. Doctor sahib was present at that time when I wrote it out. From Beas I had written a letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din sahib saying: “I shall become a Christian. This is the true religion. The Muslim religion is not true”. Doctor sahib had said to me: “A follower of Mirza sahib has come to us. We shall ask him whether to make him
a Christian or not”. When I wrote the letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din sahib, Doctor sahib was not aware of it. I had informed other Christians. The letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din sahib was written before writing the sheet exhibit ‘H’. Bhagat Ram and another clerk, whose name I do not remember, were present. They were looking on when I wrote the letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din sahib. It was about a month ago that I had left Qadian, and from Mirza sahib I had gone to Doctor sahib at Amritsar. The letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din was intended to apprise him that I was at Beas. When I left Qadian for Amritsar I paid 4½ annas as fare and at Qadian Mirza sahib had paid me 12 annas as wages for carrying baskets. I have heard about Abdullah Atham but not seen him. As for the attacks carried out on him I have no knowledge when these attacks were carried out, what were the attacks and who carried out the attacks. When I first went to Doctor sahib I intended to commit murder. Later I changed my mind. Luqman did not send me to Mirza sahib nor has he sent me to Doctor sahib. There is no ill feeling in our family on account of Maulvi Burhan-ud-Din becoming a follower of Mirza sahib. Luqman is in Jhelum at the moment. It is not known where Burhan-ud-Din is. (On a question of the prosecutor, said) By Bhagat Ram I mean Bhagat Prem Das in whose presence I had written the letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din. Mirza sahib had said to me: “When you get an opportunity, kill Doctor sahib (plaintiff), and come to me, then no one will kill you”. On going to Amritsar and meeting Doctor sahib I had changed my mind. Before going to Amritsar I had never seen Doctor sahib, nor was acquainted with him. (On a question from Mirza sahib) When I had become a follower of Mirza sahib, he had said to me: “Say, I place my hand on the hand of Ahmad”, and said: “Ask God for forgiveness of the
previous sins, and in future say the prayers, read the Quran”. (Note: Mirza sahib says: “I do not remember whether the witness took the oath of allegiance on my hand or not”.) Mirza sahib neither read out nor explained to me the fourth condition of the printed conditions of the oath of allegiance at the time of my taking the oath of allegiance. Exhibit ‘K’ was included in the file.
Read out. Accepted correct. Abdul Hameed After the statement the witness submitted that since he had stated the events plainly and clearly, he feared danger to his life. Doctor sahib said that he wanted to keep him safe. Accordingly the witness was permitted to stay with Doctor sahib.
Signature of Judge.
Supplementary statement of Abdul Hameed on solemn affirmation
The deponent had gone to Luqman at Jhelum from Qadian only to see him. There was no other purpose. Had stayed there for two or three days. He had obtained forty Rupees from Uncle Luqman’s house on the first occasion.
Read out. Is correct. Abdul Hameed. Signature of Judge.
Supplementary statement of Abdul Hameed on solemn affirmation on a question from the court
At 2 p.m. at the time of the mid-day prayer, Mirza sahib had said to me: “Go and kill Mr. Clarke”. Mirza sahib took me to the room adjacent to the mosque and said: “I am going to say something”. I said: “I shall accept it with my heart and soul”. That room is in the house of Mirza sahib. At Amritsar there is a man Qutb-ud-Din who is a follower of Mirza sahib. Mirza sahib had told me to go to him. I had gone straight to him. He has a shop of utensils at Karmonki Deorhi, Amritsar. I stayed with him for half an hour. I had said to him: “Mirza sahib has sent me to kill Mr. Clarke”. He replied: “Alright, when you finish this job, come to me. I shall get you to Qadian.” After seeing Doctor sahib, I went back to Qutb-ud-Din in the evening the same day and told him that I had seen Doctor sahib. He had given me the address and location of Doctor sahib’s residence. Mirza sahib liked me very much. He used to have himself pressed by me. He used to say: “Do you remember what I said (murder)”. I used to say: “Yes, I remember”. Mirza sahib had said: “Mr. Clarke is kindhearted. When you go to him he will lodge you with himself. You enquire about his daily routine. Then whenever you get an opportunity, kill him with a stone or in some other manner”. My father’s name is Luqman. I had it written as Sultan Mahmud by mistake. My mother had her second marriage with Sultan Mahmud. By mistake I said earlier that she was married to Luqman. Sultan Mahmud has a daughter. Luqman has another son who is my brother. We are three brothers. I have never been baptized. I had been looking for it. I did not go to Malakand with the army. I had been dismissed because I could not perform the duties. When I returned from Malakand I was not in search [of a religion], I was a Muslim. This was about two
years back. Before I came to Qadian, Sultan Mahmud had been annoyed with me. He did not turn me out. From there I went to the canal. Sultan Mahmud had been annoyed because of not doing work. Burhanud-Din and Sultan Mahmud have religious differences. Burhan-ud-Din is a follower of Mirza sahib. Not so Sultan Mahmud. On this account they do not like each other. I was not at Qadian at the time of the Jubilee [of Queen Victoria]. I came later. When I went there I saw Burhan-ud-Din. Mirza sahib had talked to me about murder three or four times, that if I killed while in the fold of the Muslim religion I would become a chosen one, for Mr. Clarke is an opponent of the faith. All the five times when Mirza sahib used to come to the mosque for prayers I used to press him. He liked me. Mirza sahib had said: “Lift a stone weighing 20–30 pounds and hit and kill Mr. Clarke in his sleep or at some other opportunity”. I had apprised Qutb-ud-Din of all these matters. He had said: “Quite right, do this job and come to me”. (On a question from the court): At present Burhan-ud-Din and Sultan Mahmud are annoyed with me, for my money and property are in their possession and they do not want to give them back to me. I sent the letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din because Mirza sahib and he are one. When I was at Amritsar Hospital, I had no connection left with Qutb-ud-Din, nor did I write a letter to anybody. The letter exhibit ‘G’ I had written to Doctor sahib at Beas. (On a question from the lawyer of the defendant): Luqman died when I was six years of age. I had taken four Rupees from the house of Sultan Mahmud without his knowledge. I had informed the women of the household, and had gone to the canal. I have at home two other brothers, Muhammad Kamil and Muhammad Alam. I did not take Muhammad Alam’s jewellery. He had laid a false claim that he held my cash. It happened five or six years ago. My other brothers are in possession of my father’s land. I take my share of the crop. They cultivate on my behalf. They remain displeased with me because of the property and because I am their step-brother. I have been out of Jhelum for seven months. Burhan-udDin’s son is betrothed to Muhammad Kamil’s daughter. Burhan-ud-Din also is hostile to me. Burhan-ud-Din and Sultan Mahmud belong to different mosques. I had gone to Mong Rasul before Jhelum. I stayed with Rev. Dalgie at Gujrat. At Gujrat I stayed with Rev. for
three or four months. I studied the Bible there. At that time I came to like the Christian religion. Because of my character, I was not baptized, because I liked the Muslim people. The Rev. had deputed a man Allah Ditta the Christian to accompany me, and had said: “Get him a ticket for Pindi, and let him go to Pindi”. I know Yusuf. I had to see him, so I used to go. Allah Ditta did not accompany me to the station. I met Amir-ud-Din, a follower of Mirza sahib, and he got hold of me, the deponent. He sent me to Qadian and said: “First go to Shaikh Rahmatullah at Lahore. Then go to Qadian.” I had come to know him two or three days after going to Gujrat. The Christians had turned me out. They did not pay me the fare to Rawalpindi. Amir-ud-Din used
to admonish me daily: “Go to Mirza sahib. He is a learned man”. There are capable Maulvis at Jhelum and Gujrat. But I did not enquire from them about my doubts. I have been suffering from venereal disease for a month or one and a half months, because of over-eating
mangoes, not because of associating with prostitutes. At Dangah I used to tell people about the principles of the Christian faith. I had gone to Qadian for the first time a month or a month and a half before the Jubilee. I had stayed there for five or six days. Then I had gone to Lahore and from there to Jhelum. On the way I had also stayed at Gujrat. I had also gone to the Reverend and said: “I have been to Mirza sahib at Qadian and am coming from there. He loved me”. On
the first occasion Mirza sahib had said nothing about murder. The Reverend at Gujrat had been annoyed about why I had been to Qadian. I said: “I forgot, forgive me, and lodge me”. He said: “Go to your house and read the Bible”. He did not lodge me. Then I went to Jhelum, for the reason that my paternal uncle was displeased at my becoming a Christian. Mirza sahib had removed my doubts. I had gone to reconcile the paternal uncle. Then I, who am making this statement, went to Qadian a second time, two to four days after the Jubilee, for Mirza sahib had not taken the oath of allegiance the first time. Stayed there 17 or 18 days. Two days after arrival I took the oath of allegiance on the hand of Mirza sahib. Many persons were present. Hakim Nur-ud-Din, Hakim Fazl-ud-Din etc., about 20 to 30 persons were there. I had taken the oath of allegiance in the mosque upstairs. Some nine or ten days after administering the oath of allegiance Mirza sahib took me to the upstairs room in the women’s section of the house.
When the mid-day prayer was completed, Mirza sahib asked me to stay on. When all the people went away, Mirza sahib took me to that room through the door. At that time there was no one in the upper part of the mosque. Going inside, Mirza sahib made me sit down and said: “Go to Amritsar and present yourself as a Hindu. Hit Mr. Clarke with a stone and kill him.” I agreed. He took me inside in case someone should come. Day after day he used to say: “Do you remember that job or not? Are you ready or not?” I used to say: “I remember and am ready”. He would ask this when I used to be pressing his body. He loved me very much, like a father loves his son. He used to stroke me on my head with his hand. I used to press him all the five times. Other people also used to press him. They pressed him in the mosque. Did not press him in the bathroom. That bathroom is a place for bathing and a toilet. The upper storey room in which Mirza sahib took me is also used as a bathroom. The room is about 18 by 12 feet. In each corner, a place has been built to take a bath. It is not in brick and mortar, planks have been fixed.
The confession, exhibit ‘H’, I had written myself. No one prepared a manuscript. I wrote it once, it was not correct. Then I wrote it again in fair copy. (Note: The witness was made to copy the confession on a sheet. He made spelling mistakes in writing at three places which have been marked with X and marked with the letter H). Witness: I considered that room to be a bathroom. Before the honourable Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar, the word bathroom had not been caused to be written. After saying of the morning prayer, day had dawned a little when I had come from Qadian. The carriage probably belonged to the brother of Ismail Beg’s wife. The same day I had gone to Amritsar by the railway train. I arrived there at 11 o’clock and went straight to Qutb-ud-Din, stayed with him for half an hour. I cannot tell the date. Qutb-ud-Din gave the address of Doctor sahib’s house. I went to his residence and met him. I had been sleeping at the Hall Bazar mosque.
I went to the residence at about three o’clock. Two men were not with me. I reached the residence in ten or twelve minutes. Doctor sahib was in his office. First I met the cook, then the valet. He informed the sahib. I was called in. A sikh was standing there on some errand. He
took a letter and went away. On going in I immediately said: “I am in search of truth, I have come to become a Christian.” The sahib asked: “From where have you come?” I said: “From Qadian”. Then I gave my Hindu name as Ralya Ram and explained all the circumstances which I have already stated. But all that was false. A faint idea had come to my mind that I would not commit murder. After three or four days when I went to Beas, my intention to kill had changed. I had stayed at Amritsar for five or six days. I worked under the doctor of Amritsar Hospital and received education. I used to wash the wounds. Except for one day, Doctor sahib used to meet me daily. Twice I went to the residence. I, the deponent, met him in the very same office. I met him alone in the same way as on the first day. Every time Doctor sahib used to ask: “Who were you? From where have you come?” I had already made the statement. There was no special purpose other than learning the Bible from the sahib. On the first occasion the book was given to me. But on the second occasion another type of book was given to me. Doctor sahib had sent me to Beas for education. Doctor sahib had said: “Maulvi Abdur Rahim is afraid in case you should kill him. So go to Beas. Other people also say that you have come to commit murder”. With the exception of Qutb-ud-Din I had not mentioned to anybody that I had come with the intention to kill. Saanwan Singh had gone to Beas along with me. He had stayed there
for a week. After three or four days I had written the letter to Maulvi Nur-ud-Din. A new house was under construction. I had written the letter there, written it in the presence of Bhagat Ram. Two masons and two or three labourers were also there. I did not ask Bhagat for money or stamps to post the letter. I wrote the confession about 5.30, wrote the letter in the sitting room. It is close to the dining room. (Then said) I do not know which is the dining room. At the time of my writing the confession, the station master, the telegraph clerk and the post clerk were present. (Then said) I had written it out, was signing when they came. There were two or three other men in whose presence I had written. They were Abdur Rahim, Bhagat Ram, Shaikh Waris, and Doctor sahib was also present. At Beas I, the deponent, had not said to anyone that I had come to kill Doctor sahib. I had not said this even to Bhagat Prem Das. Doctor sahib had brought me to Amritsar with himself and he had granted me pardon that I would not be harmed. Starting from Beas we had reached Amritsar the same day before sunset. At night Doctor sahib sent me to Sultan Pind which is at a distance of one mile from Amritsar. Waris and Prem Das and Abdur Rahim had remained with me. All of us stayed at the house of an Indian Christian. When I had come to Batala from Qadian, I had not gone to the house of Maulvi Ghulam Mustafa the printer. Mirza sahib had not got me turned out of Qadian on account of bad conduct. When I went first, Doctor sahib had greeted me with love and affection. Doctor sahib is stronger than myself, but when someone is sent to attack he has to perform his job. Never before in my life have I had such an intention, nor was I ever appointed to kill. When I was a Muslim I considered committing of murder an offence and a sin. But when Mirza sahib said “you will become a chosen one”, then there was a change in my ideas and I firmly believed that I would go to
heaven. Before I met Mirza sahib, my personal view was that it was a sin to commit murder, although according to the Muslim religion the killing of an unbeliever brings reward. This is written in the Quran. I have read it myself. I can read the written translation when I see it.
My paternal uncle had taught me. A Mulla also had taught me. I have been reading the Quran without meanings. On the 31st July 1897 I was promised pardon. Hence I had written the confession. If someone goes to kill a person and kills him then he is a criminal, otherwise not.
Since the date of the writing of the confession I have been constantly living with Doctor sahib. Three or four days ago I had seen Maulvi Muhammad Husain in Anarkali. I had never seen him before this. I did not write any letter to Mirza sahib. It is written in the Bible: “Thou shalt not kill”, so my intention changed as to why I should kill such a good man as Dr. Clarke. No one from our family ever committed murder. I do not know the meaning of ‘ghazi’. At Beas Bhagat Prem Das had caught a black snake. I had killed it and brought it to Doctor sahib. The other snake that was caught had escaped. That is, two snakes were caught the first day, one died and the other had escaped. The third day another snake was caught. This was also killed. I wanted to take the snake only to show to the Doctor sahib. (On a question from the court) Bhagat Prem Das had stopped me. (Advocate) I had not known Qutb-ud-Din earlier. Mirza sahib had not given any
letter for him. Qutb-ud-Din had said: “See the house for yourself. I shall indicate the stone. Carry it and kill him”. Doctor sahib had said to me: “I shall write a letter to Mirza sahib that this man has come to become a Christian”. I had forbidden him. When I am baptized, then he should write the letter. I had been to Qadian today. Abdur Rahim and two policemen and Waris Din, and two other policemen accompanied me. (On a question from the lawyer) In the beginning also Mirza sahib had taken me once to that room above. I had slept at the Khair-ud-Din mosque at Amritsar, so I stayed. I was not asked, hence I had not confessed earlier. Sultan Mahmud had taught me the Quran. Paternal uncle Burhan-ud-Din had not gone to Malakand. Doctor sahib
met me gladly both times when I met him at his residence at Amritsar. Both times I had gone of my own, I had not been called. While going to Beas I had been called. Doctor sahib did not come out into the verandah and rebuke me, as to why I had come without being called. Abdul Hameed. Signature of Judge. Read out. is correct. Signature of Judge.
I, Abdul Hameed, son of Sultan Mahmud, am a resident of Jhelum, at present staying at Beas. About this matter that from the village of Qadian I was sent by Mirza sahib of Qadian that I may cause harm to Doctor Clarke sahib, i.e. kill him, and regarding me, I have come for this purpose. He said this orally in the bathroom at Qadian.
Signature of Judge
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