Per many authentic hadith by Abu Hurraira, when Eisa (as) physically descends towards the end of this world, Eisa (as) will be an arbiter/judge (al-hakam). From 1891 to 1896, MGA and his team of writers seem to be silent on this hadith and the Al-Hakam role of the Messiah. However, in 1896-1897, via Anjam e Athim, MGA claimed to be “the Ahkamul-Hakimin [the Arbiter above all arbiters]”, and was using this title to warn his cousins that Muhammadi Begum‘s husband would die and she would then be married to MGA. In 1900, MGA began claiming that he was the Al-Hakam, and thus, he didn’t follow any hadith grading system. MGA claimed that he himself knew what hadith, or what part of any hadith was authentic and no one else on Earth knew any better. This was claimed again by MGA in Arba’in, Ijazi-e-Ahmadi and Tuhfah-e-Golarhviyyah and a few other books. Shams ud Din has covered this topic thoroughly also.
[Anjam-e-Atham, pp. 213–214, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 11, pp. 213–214]
“””I was given the understanding by God, the Requiter, that the word ‘aqibi means her daughter and her maternal granddaughter and not anyone else from among her children. It was conveyed to me that misfortune meant two afflictions, one upon her daughter and the other upon her maternal granddaughter. By the command of Allah Ahkamul-Hakimin [the Arbiter above all arbiters] the two would resemble each other.”””
RK, v. 13, p. 328; 4th line from bottom; Kitaab-ul-Bariyyah
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed that in his capacity as Maseeh Mau`ood the Holy Prophet
has “named him as ‘hakam’ [arbiter] and ‘`adal’ [justice, straightforwardness, honesty]”.
[Arba‘in, no. 1, pp. 3–4,July 23, 1900, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 17, p. 345, Majmu’a-e-Ishtiharat, vol. 3, p. 344]
“”I have been told that of all faiths, Islam is the only true one. I have been vouchsafed knowledge that of all guidance, only the guidance contained in the Qur’an is perfect and free from human interpolation. I have been made to understand that of all Prophets the one whose teaching is
perfect and is at the highest level of purity and wisdom, and who has set the highest example of human perfection in his life, is our lord and master Muhammad, on whom be the peace and blessings of Allah. God’s pure and holy revelation has informed me that I have been sent by Him as the Promised Messiah and Mahdi and am the arbiter of all internal and external differences.””
[Appendix Tuhfah-e-Golarhviyyah, p. 10 footnote, Ruhani Khaza’in vol. 17 p. 51 footnote]
“”God Almighty has informed me that all these ahadith which are cited [by my opponents] suffer from perversion of meaning or text or have been entirely fabricated. And he who has been commissioned as the Arbiter has the authority to select, on the basis of knowledge bestowed by
the Divine, out of the corpus of ahadith those that he deems authentic and reject the others, based on the knowledge bestowed by the Divine.””
In Ijaz-e-Ahmadi, MGA calls himself the arbiter (al-hakam) 3 times.
Via “A GIFT FOR AN-NADWAH”, MGA claims that he is the arbiter, and Muslim’s who don’t accept him are accountable to God.
In Lecture Sialkot, he calls himself the arbiter.
[Badr, vol. 1, no. 37, November 24, 1905, p. 2 and al-Hakam, vol. 9, no. 41, November 24 1905, p. 1]
“””The Promised Messiah added: A tahsildar performs two functions, collection of the revenue and decision of disputes between people and establishing justice between them. These are also the functions of the Promised Messiah, namely that he shall demand the fulfilment of obligations due to God and then establish His Unity on the earth, and secondly to act as an arbiter and establish justice between the Muslims.”””
MGA calls himself the arbiter who solved the life of Eisa (as).
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