April 2017

Mujahid ibn Jabr (Arabic: مُجَاهِدْ بِنْ جَبْر‎‎) (645-722 CE) Tafsir on 4:157 to 4:159

This is the second part of my series on the “substitution-theory”, which comes directly from Todd Lawson’s book on the topic.  Feel free to read the first entry here:

Who is Mujahid B. Jabr Al-Makki ??

He was of the major commentators of Qur’an among the Tâbi’în and of the highest rank in reliability among hadith narrators (thiqa). It is related by Ibn Sa’d in the Tabaqat (6:9) and elsewhere that he went over the explanation of the Holy Qur’an together with Ibn ‘Abbas thirty times. Al-A’mash said: “Mujahid was like someone who carried a treasure: whenever he spoke, pearls came out of his mouth.”
After praising him in similar terms al-Dhahabi said: “Mujahid has certain strange sayings pertaining to knowledge and commentary of Qur’an which are rejeted and condemned. A report has reached us whereby he went to Babel and asked its governor to show him [the angels] Harut and Marut. Mujahid said: ‘The governor sent a Jew to go with me until we arrived at a grotto under the earth and he showed them to me. They were suspended upside down. I said: “I believe in the One Who created the two of you.” At that time they shuddered, and both I and the Jew fainted. We came to after a while, and the Jew said to me: You nearly caused our death!” Al-Dhahabi also quotes al-A’mash’s judgment of Mujahid’s Tafsir whereby Mujahid was among those who narrate from the books of Ahl al-Kitab. Al-Dhahabi then proceeds to mention Mujahid’s commentary on the verse of the Exalted Station as one of the most objectionable statements he made: “The saying of Allah: {It may be that your Lord will raise you to an Exalted Station} (17:79) means: He will seat the Prophet with Him on His Throne (yujlisuhu ma’ahu ‘alâ ‘arshihi).”

Among Mujahid’s famous sayings: “There is no creature of Allah Most High except you can take or leave what they said except the Prophet Allah bless and greet him.” Narrated from Mujahid and also from al-Hakam ibn ‘Utayba by Ibn Hazm in al-Ihkam fi Usul al-Ahkam (6:291, 6:293) and Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr in al-Jami’ fi Bayan al-‘Ilm (2:925-926 #1761-1765).

Of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, Mujahid relates: “People would uncover the space above his grave and it would rain.”

Sources: Abu Nu’aym, Hilya al-Awliya’ (3:280); al-Dhahabi, Mizan (3:439 #7072) and Siyar (5:379-381 #542); Ibn al-Jawzi, Sifa al-Safwa (1:243).

Mujahid B. Jabr Al-Makki on 4:157–158
As translated and quoted by Lawson, see page 48-49.

157—-“”but so it was made to appear to them they crucified a man other then Jesus while they reckoned that he was Jesus because this other man ‘was made to look like {Jesus} to them’ (shubbiha lahum).””””

158—-“They crucified a man whom they saw as {shabbaha} Jesus, and God raised Jesus to himself, living”

Al-Tabari quoted Al-Makki heavily in his Tafsir
The authenticity of this Tafsir by Al-Makki is quickly ascertained by noticing the frequency of the quotations in Al-Tabari’s works.  Further, Al-Makki was Meccan and came from that school of thought, and they consider Ibn Abbas to be their master in Tafsir.

The “Tanwir al-miqbas” Tafsir and the “substitution-theory of Esa (As)”

Ahmadis have avoided this Tafsir for years and years, its available online at, it was also quoted in Todd Lawson’s famous research work on 4:157. Ahmadis will continue to ignore this tafsir, since it contradicts everything that Ahmadis believe in. I have written a brief introduction on this Tafsir and its history here, feel free to read that first. Todd Lawson seems to ascribe this Tafsir by Ibn Abbas to Al-Kalbi (died in 146/763), who was nonetheless a very early commentator on the Quran (see Lawson, page 45).  Whatever the authenticity of this book is….it proves that from the earliest records of Islamic-writings, Muslims always believed in the “Substitution-theory”, however, they didn’t properly connect it with 5:111-115.

Ibn Abbas on 4:157–159
157″””(And because of their saying: We slew the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, Allah’s messenger) Allah destroyed their man Tatianos. (They slew him not nor crucified, but it appeared so unto them) Allah made Tatianos look like Jesus and so they killed him instead of him; (and lo! those who disagree concerning it) concerning his killing (are in doubt thereof) in doubt about his killing; (they have no knowledge thereof save pursuit of a conjecture) not even conjecture; (they slew him not for certain) i.e. certainly they did not kill him,””””

158″””(But Allah took him up unto Himself) in heaven. (Allah was ever Mighty) in His vengeance against His enemies, (Wise) by granting triumph to his friends: He saved His Prophet and destroyed their man.”””

159″””(There is not one of the People of the Scripture) the Jews and Christians (but will believe in him) in Jesus, that he was not a sorcerer, Allah, His son or His partner (before his death) after the soul of Jesus expires, that is after he comes down again and then dies after every single Jew in their time, (and on the Day of Resurrection he) Jesus (will be a witness against them) through delivery of the message.

Ibn Abbas on 3:55
((And remember) when Allah said: O Jesus! Lo! I am gathering thee and causing thee to ascend unto Me, and am cleansing) saving (thee of those who disbelieve) in you (and am setting those who follow you) follow your Religion (above those who disbelieve) with strong argument and triumph (until the Day of Resurrection) then I shall make you to die after descent; it is also said this means: I shall make your heart die to the love of the life of this world. (Then unto Me ye will (all) return) after death, (and I shall judge between you as to that wherein) in religion (ye used to differ) to argue.

Ibn Abbas on 5:117
(I spake unto them) in the life of this world (only that which Thou commandedst me, (saying): Worship Allah) declare Allah’s divine Oneness and obey Him, (my Lord and your Lord) He is my Lord and yours. (I was a witness of them) by conveying the message (while I dwelt among them, and when Thou tookest me) when you raised from amongst them (Thou wast the Watcher over them) You were the Protector and Witness of them. (Thou art Witness over all things) of what I said and what they said.


Links and Related Essay’s

#ahmadiyya #ahmadiyyatrueislam #ahmadiapartheid #Ahmadiyyat #rabwah #qadian #meetthekhalifa #muslimsforpeace #ahmadiyyafactcheckblog #nolifewithoutkhalifa #AhmadiMosqueattack #AhmadiyyaPersecution #Mosqueattack #trueislam #atifmian


Salaaboo in 20:71 proves the Substitution theory for Esa (As)

4:157–4:159 vaguely describes how Esa (as) was never even put on any cross….however, allah never revealed the exact method of escape. Todd Lawson’s book, “christ and the Crucifixtion gives many early references which confirm that Muslims always believed that Esa (as) was never even on the cross. Further, all of the mujadids of the past endorsed the idea that Esa (as) was never “hung” on any cross. Sir Syed was the first Muslim who ever began to assert that Esa (as) was on the cross and in the state of swoon….obviously, MGA and Noorudin copied their mentor, i.e. Sir Syed and began selling the same idea.
Continue reading “Salaaboo in 20:71 proves the Substitution theory for Esa (As)”

Mirza Tahir Ahmad made Ahmadis into terrorists in the 1980’s

Mirza Tahir Ahmad was an evil mullah.  He urged Ahmadis to be ready to die with a smile on their face.    He loved the alleged-persecution.  He knew that this non-profit corporation needed to make more money, so he purposely got Ahmadiyya declared non-Muslim in 1974, and then purposely got Ord-XX passed and then like a coward, he fled the country, then lied about those details.  Nonetheless, in this video, Mirza Tahir Ahmad is celebrating the fanaticism of Ahmadis.  He should have been urging Ahmadis to obey the law, instead, he wanted Ahmadis to be ready to give their life for this non-profit-corporation.

Audio speech from 6-10-88
In this audio speech, Mirza Tahir Ahmad challenged the entire world to a Mubahila.  Mirza Tahir Ahmad went crazy, he wanted a fight, he wanted all of his critics to die violently.

Was Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s wife a concubine aka “LAUNDI” of Noorudin?

Noorudin was very close to MGA, in fact, they lived in the same house for many years, (1893–1914). When Nooruddin did eventually get his own house in Qadian (1914, a few weeks before he died), he still didn’t live very far away, and he had unlimited access to the mansion of MGA. Since 1893, Noorudin, and 2 of his wives lived in MGA’s mansion at Qadian, over 50 people were living there and in close-quarters. We have a story from 1912, via “”Mirqatul yaqeen fi hayat e Nooruddin”” (1912) by Akbar Shah Khan of Najibabad (In 1904, during MGA’s life, “Nur ud Din” was published, this book seems to be an extension that). In this story, the Khalifa, Maulvi Noorudin tells the world that MGA’s widow has been repeatedly trying to give herself in marriage to Nooruddin, in fact, Nooruddin claims that “bivi-sahiba” (Nusrat Jehan) has called herself the LAUNDI of Noorudin, and she has repeated this 20 times. The scan and a full translation and transliteration is posted in the below.

Just a few weeks after Noorudin died, the new Khalifa (Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad) married the 13 year old daughter of Noorudin (Amtul Haye).
Continue reading “Was Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s wife a concubine aka “LAUNDI” of Noorudin?”

Nooruddin’s comment on Khwaja Kamaluddin in 1911-1913

Tensions in Ahmadiyya were bubbling since 1909, things were getting pretty bad, the educated section of the community was already leaning towards Khwaja Kamaluddin, Muhammad Ali and many doctors and rich people. In 1911, Khwaja Kamaluddin directly wrote an essay refuting Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad on Takfir towards non-Ahmadi Muslims. In August of 1912, Khawaja Kamal ud Din traveled to London and started the Ahmadiyya mission at the Woking mosque. He stayed until November of 1914. After being back in India for a few days and finding about the details of the split, on December 24th of 1914, Khwaja Kamaluddin wrote the first ever book on the split in the Ahmadiyya Movement, “The Causes of Internal Dissensions in the Ahmadiyya Movement”, By Khwaja Kamaluddin, Dec-1914.

The poorer section of the community, the Ahmadi mullahs and a few others were clinging to Mahmud Ahmad and the family of MGA. Noorudin was on his death bed, his leg was amputated and he was never the same.
Continue reading “Nooruddin’s comment on Khwaja Kamaluddin in 1911-1913”

Bashir Ahmad Misri and Ahmadiyya

He was born in Qadian in 1914, he was the Ahmadi who accused Mahmud Ahmad of sex crimes in Qadian in the 1936-37.  His father was Sheikh Abdur Rehman Misri, who was a high-ranking Qadiani-Ahmadi-Imam in those days, in fact, he would sometimes serve as in-charge of Qadian when the Khalifa would be out of town.  Bashir Ahmad Misri and his friends (Fakhr ud Din Multani was murdered, he died a few days later) were attacked in broad day light in Qadian on Saturday, 08-07-1937, around 4:30 pm at the time of Asr prayers.  This led to his family asking for government and Muslim (the Ahrar’s) protection from the Mirza family.  They seem to have moved to Lahore in late 1937.  His father was hired as an Imam for the Lahori-Ahmadi’s.  However, Bashir Ahmad Misri joined Sunni-Islam in 1940 and moved to East Africa, wherein he seems to have worked as a teacher.  In 1961, he was allowed to move to London.  A few years later, the Lahori-Ahmadi’s hired him to be an editor.  It seems that Bashir Ahmad Misri was planning to make friends with the Lahori-Ahmadi’s and then to turn on them at an opportune time.  Which is exactly what he did.  In 1964, he became the Imam of the Woking Mosque.  By July 1968, his plan was in motion, he organized the local Muslim’s and wrestled control of the mosque from the Lahori-Ahmadi’s to the local Muslim scholars.  He them left and went on a tour.  His father died as a Lahori-Ahmadi in Pakistan in 1979.  Bashir Ahmad Misri then responded to Mirza Tahir Ahmad’s global Mubahila challenge in 1989 and wrote about his youth in Qadian.  His death year is unknown to us.

Continue reading “Bashir Ahmad Misri and Ahmadiyya”

Did Nooruddin promote homosexuality?

This is just another strange story from one of the earliest biographies on Ahmadiyya founders. This quotation is from the biography which Noorudin dictated, it was titled as “”Mirqatul yaqeen fi hayat e Nooruddin”” (1912) by Akbar Shah Khan of Najibabad before his death. In 1904, during MGA’s life, “Nur ud Din” was published, this book seems to be an extension that. This story is from the era wherein Noorudin was in Rampur. Rampur at that time was an independent princely state and now it is a part of UP state of India, Noorudin was there from age 27-30 (roughly 1867–1870, See the book by Zaf Khan, page 11. He was apparently open to men falling in love with other men, he even facilitated one-such encounter. Further, Noorudin and the other english biography on Noorudin’s life seems to have purposely left out this important story. This contradicts Ahmadiyya on homosexuality problem in 2020. This is the same book wherein it is recorded that the widow of MGA (nusrat jehan) claimed to be the prostitute (laundi) of the newly elected Khalifa.
Continue reading “Did Nooruddin promote homosexuality?”

Maulvi Sanaullah visited Qadian

MGA was always under police protection.  However, sometimes, his critics would come to Qadian to confront him, Lekh Ram did this back in the mid-1880’s.  In this case, Maulvi Sanaullah came to Qadian, and MGA avoided him.

The Quote
‘Bismillah Al-Rehman Al-Raheem. To Janab Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Saheb, Raees-e-Qadian.        This humble self, according to your invitation mentioned in Aijaz-e-Ahmadi pp. 11-13, I am presently here in Qadian. Until now, Ramadhan prevented me from accepting your invitation, otherwise I would not have delayed it. I swear upon God that I do not have any personal grievance or animosity against you. Since according to you, you are appointed on such a high position which is for the guidance of all humanity in general and for sincere persons like me especially, therefore I firmly hope that you will not spare any effort to make me understand, and as promised, you will give me permission that I will express in front of people my thoughts about your prophecies. Once again I remind you of my sincerity and the trouble that I have taken to travel all the way, and by virtue of the grand position, please give me a chance.’ …. from Abu al-Wafa Sanaullah. dated 10th January 1903.’ (Tareekh-e-Mirza by Maulana Sanaullah Amratsari p. 61)

Mirza was stunned. He never thought in his wildest dreams that Molvi Sanaullah Saheb would ever come to Qadian. He replied, trying to avoid facing him. He wrote:

“I have promised God that I would never debate with those people (opponents). Thus that way which is quite far away from debates is that to clear this stage you will have to promise that you will not go out of the ‘Minhaj-e-Nabuwwat – way of the prophethood’ ……. 2nd condition is that you will not be allowed to speak at all. You will only give a written objection, one line or two lines, that this is your objection. Then in the gathering, a detailed reply would be given. For objection, there is no need to write in detail, just a line or two is enough. 3rd condition is that you would raise only ONE objection per day. Since you have not informed us of your coming, rather you have sneaked in like a thief, because of lack of free time and work of printing the book, we cannot spend more than three hours. Remember that this will never be allowed that you give a long lecture like a sermon in front of public, instead you will have to absolutely keep your mouth shut, as deaf and dumb, so that the talk does not turn into a debate. First you will ask only regarding one prophecy. For three hours I can give its reply, and at each you will be cautioned that even if now you are not satisfied then write it down. It would not be your task to let (people) hear your objection. We will read ourselves, but it should not be more than two or three lines. This way, you will not suffer, since you have come to clear your doubts, this way is excellent to remove doubts. I will announce to the people that regarding this prophecy, such and such doubt has come into the heart of Molvi Saheb, and this is its reply. This way all the doubts will be cleared. But if you want that like a debate you are allowed to talk, then this will never happen. (Mirza repeated the same conditions at least two more times in the next paragraph) …. From my side, I swear upon God, that I would not go out of this, and will not hear anything, you will not dare to utter a single word from your mouth. And I bind you also with the swear of God, that if you have come with a true heart, then be bound to it and do not spend your life in creating trouble and disturbance. And whosoever among the two of us, breaks this oath, then God’s curse be on him, and may God will that he sees the fruit of this curse in his life. Ameen….. by the pen of Mirza  Ghulam Ahmad by his own hand” (Tareekh-e-Mirza pp.62-64)

One would have thought that Molvi Sanaullah would have given up after reading such absurd conditions where he is not even allowed to say a single word. But Allah had given him long patience. He wrote back to Mirza Saheb:

“I received your long letter. Alas! what is the expectations of the whole country, same thing has happened. Respected Sir! When I have come according to your invitation mentioned in Aijaz-e-Ahmadi, and in clear words I have given reference of the same pages, then such long talk from you …. me dear Sir, it is so sad that on the one hand you invite me to come to do research, that I prove your prophecies wrong to get the cash reward Rs. 100 for each, and then in your letter you are binding me to write just one or two lines whereas for your self you propose to have three hours!!!

Is this the way of research that I write one or two lines and you make a speech for three hours? This shows clearly that you are now regretting having invited me, and is denying your own invitation, and refraining from research, for which you had invited me on page 23. Dear Sir! Did you invite me to your house write these two lines only? I could have done better sitting in Amratsir, and am doing it already. But remembering the troubles of my journey, I do not want to go empty handed, therefore I accept your injustice as well and will write only two three lines, and you can no doubt speak for three hours. However I would request this much alteration that I would read my two three lines to the audience, and after every hour of your speech, I would express my thoughts about your speech for 5 minutes, maximum 10 minutes. Since you do not like public audience, therefore the gathering from sides would be limited to 25 persons. You akin my coming without informing you to be like a thief! Is this how you greet your guests? There was no condition that you have to be informed in advance. Moreover, you would have received the news from heavens. Whatever speech you are going to make, kindly give it to me then, and proceedings will start from today. After I receive your reply, I will send you my brief question. As far as the talk about cursing is concern, it is the same which is mentioned in hadith…. from Sanaullah dated 11th January 1903” (Tareekh-e-Mirza p.65) (Hadith about Curse: If the person who has been cursed, does not deserve the curse, then it returns to the one who has cursed)

Mirza Ghulam A Qadiani did not reply to this letter, instead instructed his disciple Mohammed Ahsan Amrohi to write the reply:

“Molvi Sanaullah Saheb, your letter was read to Hazrat-e-Aqdas, Imam-uz-Zaman, Maseeh Mowood … since its contents were purely racist and hateful, which is far away from seeking the truth, therefore this reply is enough from Hazrat-e-Aqdas (Mirza) that you do not want to investigate the truth … Hazrat has sworn that he would not enter into any debate with his opponents, how can an appointee of Allah go against his promise of God?… therefore your proposals are absolutely not acceptable…. From Mohammed Ahsan by order of Hazrat Imam-uz-Zaman dated 11th January 1903” (Tareekh-e-Mirza p.66)

Molvi Sanaullah went back to Amratsir, continued his relentless campaign, exposing the lies and fraud of Mirza Ghulam A Qadiani in the name of Islam, in his newspaper, Ahle Hadith. This shook the whole building of Ahmadiyyat. Finally Mirza could not take it any more. He wrote the following letter and published it in an advertisement.

The Last Rejoinder with Molvi SanaullahPrayer of Mirza Ghulam, against his erstwhile opponent, Molvi Sanaullah Amratsari seeking judgment from Allah

“Dear Mr. Sanaullah. Salaam on those who follow the right path.  My rejection and disapproval has been going on for a long time in your magazine. You have always remembered me in your paper as Mardood, Liar, Dajjal, corrupt and have advertised me all over the world that i am a Fabricator and Dajjal, and Liar and that my claim of Maseeh Mowood is absolutely a Fabrication. …..If I am such a Liar and FAbricator, as you remember me in your paper, THEN I WILL DIE IN OUR LIFETIME, because i know that a LIAR and Corrupt does not have a long life and at last he dies as a failure within the lifetime of his fierce opponents with great humiliation and discontentment….If I am not a LIAR and FABRICATOR and is honored by the addresses of God and am Maseeh Mowood, then I hope by the Grace of God that according to the Tradition of God you will not be safe from the punishment of a LIAR. Thus that punishment which is not by human hands but only at the hands of God, such as Plague and Cholera etc. deadly diseases are not afflicted upon you than I AM NOT FROM GOD. This is not a prophecy because of inspiration or revelation, rather just as a prayer i have sought justice from God and I pray to God…. {O my Master! Baseer and Qadeer who is Aleem and Khabeer, who knows my inside the heart! If this claim of Maseeh Mowood is just a fabrication of my egotistical self, in Your Eyes I am Corrupt and Liar and day and night Fabrication is my business, then O my Beloved Master! I pray with great humility in your Presence that kill me in Molvi Sanaullah and with my death make him and his Jamaat happy. Ameen.

But O my Perfect and True God! If Molvi Sanaullah is not right in these allegations which he accuses me of, then kill him in my lifetime, BUT not by human hands, rather by Plague or Cholera deadly diseases, … but i see that his tongue has crossed all boundaries, he considers me worse than those thieves and dacoits….he considers me worse than the whole world and has spread about me in far away places that this man actually is corrupt and trader and Liar and fabricator and an extremely bad person….Thus now I am now taking refuge in you and requests you that make true judgment between me and Sanaullah. Whoever is in your eyes truly a Liar and corrupt, KILL HIM IN THE LIFETIME OF TRUTHFUL PERSON, or afflict him with some serious illness which is like death. O My Beloved Master! Do Just that. Ameen.”

Links and Related Essays

Click to access Ijaz-e-Ahmadi.pdf

  1.  “Markazi Jamiat Ahle Hadees Hind”Archived from the original on 2017-10-12.
  2. ^ “Biography of Shaykh Al-Islam Thanaullah Amritsari”
  3. ^ “Sanaullah Amritsari – wiki”wiki.qern.orgArchived from the original on 2016-10-02.
  4. ^ “Tafseer Sanai (By Molana Sana ullah Amritsary) — Australian Islamic Library”AUSTRALIAN ISLAMIC LIBRARYArchived from the original on 2016-09-30.
  5. ^ Faz̤lurraḥmān bin Muḥammad. (11 February 1988). “Hazrat Maulana Sanaullah Amritsari”Archived from the original on 11 February 2018 – via Hathi Trust.
  6. ^ Qureshi, Aqeel (25 April 2016). “Seerat sanai(Hazrat Molana Sanaullah Amritsari RA) ~ Siqarah Public Library islam pora jabber”Archived from the original on 19 October 2016.

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