Recently, the Israeli orientalist, Yohanan Friedmann, Professor Emeritus of Islamic Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem – known in his field as an authority on the Ahmadiyya Movement through his work Prophecy Continuous – published his latest monograph entitled Messianic Ideas and Movements in Sunnī Islam. As expected, he devotes a chapter to the founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, alongside three other claimants to mahdihood.

In this recent book, “Messianic Ideas and Movements in Sunnī Islam” (2022), he rightfully accuses MGA of doing Takfir, this was the 3rd book wherein he did this, the other 2 are Prophecy Continuous (1989) and a book chapter entitled Conversion, Apostasy and Excommunication in the Islamic Tradition (2016).

Interestingly, some Ahmadi’s agree that since MGA was a prophet (and Mahdi) his rejection equals kufr (see the quranic verses on the rejection of a prophet, via Mirza Bashir Ahmad). However, this Ahmadi, Iftekhar Ahmed, argues that MGA never did Takfir. He is a rookie, he doesn’t know that in 1923, the 2nd Khalifa told Ahmadi’s to stop doing open Takfir.

Links and Related Essay’s

Lost in translation: Deconstructing a misperception of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s so-called takfir

In 1923, Mirza Basheer-uddin Mahmud Ahmad, the Ahmadi Khalifa, ordered Ahmadis to stop doing Takfir on Muslims


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