On 27 December 1929: Jalsa Salana took place and the Khalifa continued with his series of lectures on the Holy Quran. Ahmadiyya sources claim that 17,316 members of the Jamaat attended the event, however, this is a huge exaggeration. The Khalifa gave a famous speech, which was later created into book form (And added to Anwar ul Aloom), in which he aggressively wrote that there was nothing wrong with child marriage, see in the below.
Lecture of Mirza Bashir ud Din Mahmud Ahmad, at the 1929 Jalsa at Qadian entitled “Chund Ahem aur Zaroori Umoor
“””After this Huzoor said about the Sarda act some friends think of this as an attack on Shariah and some say that there is nothing dangerous in it. But I say that both are exaggerating or playing down. Whether they be the ones that say it is an attack on Islam and also those that say there is no problem. This is definitely not an attack on Islam, but it is also not correct that Islam is not endangered by it. Certainly it did not attack Islam but it did attack Muslims and it endangers several other aspects. Nobody can deny that marrying a weak and helpless prepubescent girl is very cruel and it makes her useless for the nation and Jamaat. No wise man would and can support it but there is a difference between Nikkah and consummation of the husband and wife. Consummation is not allowed in any case in prepubescence but we have to see if Nikkah is also not allowed or is it. It can be clearly gleaned from Islam that a woman does Nikkah after pubescence because Nikkah is connected to the consent of woman and man and if there is no pubescence then how can there be consent. Hence if it is said that prepubescent Nikkah is allowed even without any need then we would say that it falsifies the reason for Nikkah that Shariah established. The purpose of Nikkah is that man and woman promise to merge with each other and this promise cannot be made in prepubescence. But there is no doubt that in some conditions prepubescent Nikkah becomes a need. For example there is a man whose wife dies and the second wife has young adult sons and he does not like to transfer custodianship [Wali who gives off the girl for marriage] of step sisters to their step brothers and he also doesn’t want to show as if there are schisms in his home. He can do nikkah of a prepubescent girl. But Shariah has allowed that girl that if she doesn’t like the suitor then she can deny him after achieving puberty in this way it’ll only be a so-called Nikkah of a prepubescent. In several conditions this very prepubescent Nikkah is preferred. I also get several such letters that my mother and father did my Nikkah with a certain person and I like him but other relatives want to end that relation. Similarly several other such scenarios are possible where marriage at a small age might be beneficial but these are rare. However, it is necessary that prepubescent marriage is allowed. But these necessities can also be sacrificed and Sharia has allowed that if a good thing is abused then it can be restricted. It is mentioned in Hadeeth that during the time of Hazrat Umar RA people used to give three Talaq together and then got back together. Hazrat Umar RA said that this is jest with Shariat. Now if somebody gives three Talaq together then he can’t get back together. So it is allowed that if a good thing is being abused it can be stopped, but Muslims take this decision themselves. Others don’t have the right to restrict because if they intrude here then it will impact other issues as well. For example Muslims are allowed to slaughter cows. It is possible that Hindus pass a law against that. Similarly divorce is allowed, polygamy is allowed, people of other religion can pass laws against these too but no Muslim would tolerate intrusion in these matters. Due to these reasons intrusion [of law via the Sarda Act] on prepubescent marriage is dangerous. But the solution for that is not what some people have said to marry off 10 year old girls. This is damaging yourselves. After this Huzoor [KM2] proved that Muslims don’t need this law because child marriages are very rare in them and also decreasing day by day. Then Huzoor explained that there are some allowances in Sharia that are not corollary but a central part of Sharia and has said that if you do this then this is ordered while discussing things allowed in Islam Intrusion in these matters is very bad. Childhood marriage is also amongst these things. Shariat has allowed it and there are some orders about it that after becoming pubescent the girl can deny such a marriage if she wants. Then a type of such allowance is the one on which Rasool Kareem [Muhammad] SAW acted and childhood marriage is exactly such an allowance on which Rasool Kareem SAW acted. That is, he married Hazrat Ayesha RA in her childhood and in the age of 12 she was sent to his home. It is correct that Arab’s become pubescent early and it is also correct that Hazrat Ayesha RA had superior [physical?] powers but her age was just 12 when she came to Rasool Kareem SAW’s home. Now if because of her age marriage was stalled so that she can be 17, 18 then she would have enjoyed the company of Rasool Kareem SAW for only one year and a lot of discussions about religion would have remained incomplete. But the time she got she was able to serve religion a lot. This is why it was necessary that God got her in Rasool Kareem SAW’s company at such a time that she can be beneficial to the world. This is why [God] made her pubescent soon. So completely banning the thing that Rasool Kareem SAW practiced and declared correct is a huge occurence. I say on this issue that stop childhood marriage but temporarily, as long as Musilms are abusing this right, don’t forbid it indefinitely. For this the way to go about is to tell the government about the problems with this law and the dangers that Muslims face. If the government agrees that it won’t intrude in such matters in the future then we can be satisfied and we can tolerate this.”””
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