Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial (1887–1960)(also spelled Fateh Muhammad Sayyal) was a companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the first Ahmadi missionary sent from India, under the leadership of Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, the first Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya movement. Ahmadiyya sources claim that he was a student at the Talim ul Islam High School at Qadian.
In the June-1914 edition of the english ROR, his name was spelled as Chowdhery Fateh Muhammad Sayal, M.A., he seems to have written a joint article with the soon to be Khalifa (and his close friend) Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad. He returned to British-India in 1921, and by 1923 was working as the secretary of the tabligh, education and missionary departments.
In 1934, he murdered another ahmadi murrabi, Maulvi Muhammad Amin and got away with it (See also ROR of Dec-1935 and Khosla’s judgement), this was before the rape allegations of Bashir Ahmad Misri and murder of Fakhur ud Din Multani (1937)(See Bashir Ahmad, “Ahmadiyya Movement, British-Jewish Connections” and with the sub reference of “Tahrik-e-Arar”, page 89). This is most likely mis-spelled, it should be “Tehrik-e-Ahrar”, or some variation of that. In 1947, he might have killed Sikhs during the partition ad was arrested and then later released.
Sial was born to Chaudhry Nizam Din in Jora Kalan, a small town in the Kasur district of Punjab. In 1899, Sial and his father (Chaudhry Nizam Din) gave their Bay’ah, the oath of allegiance; to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and in 1900, the family migrated to Qadian.
He knew Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud since 1906, he helped him create the Tashhidhul Adhhan magazine (See “True Facts About the Split”). After the split, he sided with the family of MGA and the new Khalifa, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad. In 1947, he seems to have been arrested for violence to Sikhs in and around Qadian.
Allegedly, Sial received his bachelor’s degree at the Government College University, Lahore. He continued his studies at the Aligarh Muslim University and completed his master’s degree in Arabic.
He has an essay in the ROR of Nov-1912 entitled, “A Prophecy about the Turkish Empire”. Which was published in the “Muhammadan”, which seems to be a newspaper in and around Aligarh.
He was a speaker at the 1912 Jalsa at Qadian (see ROR of Jan-1913).
Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad asked for volunteers to serve as Ahmadi Muslim missionaries in England. In 1913, sending a missionary to England was beyond the means of the small community in Qadian. Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad procured five hundred Rupees from the Majlis e Ansar ullah. Mir Nasir Nawab (father in law of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad) personally donated one hundred and five Rupees. Additionally, poor Ahmadis individually collected a few Rupees. A total of seven hundred and eighty Rupees were collected and donated to the first Ahmadi Muslim Missionary of the Jama’at. Sial volunteered and traveled to England on June 22, 1913. There he served twice as a missionary. Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial arrived in London in July 1913, just a year before the start of World War I. As soon as he arrived in Great Britain and started the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community UK and started preaching the message of Islam to the people of Britain. The first spot he chose to preach at was Speaker’s Corner in Hyde Park by distributing leaflets, fliers, engaging in conversations with residents and holding interviews with the press. Ahmadiyya Muslim Community UK celebrated 100 years centenary since Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial arrived in the UK in summer of 2013. With the young Muslim community in London growing to immigration and a number of British Converts their became an increasing need for a Mosque where Muslims could gather and pray in congregation. In 1914, the second Ahmadiyya Khalifa, Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, instructed Fateh Muhammad Sial to purchase a property where a mosque could be built for the Muslim community.
He is mentioned in the ROR of Dec-1913 and as working with Khawaja Kamaluddin on getting converts in the UK, in fact, it was Khawaja Kamaluddin who asked the 1st Khalifa (Noorudin) to send a missionary to help him. Sayyal reports that even the children of (on Nov. 16th) that even the children of Lord Headley would become Ahmadi.
Ahmadiyya sources claim Chaudhry Muhammad Zafrulla Khan states that when Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sayal visited London, he printed and distributed a pamphlet entitled Wafat-e-Hazrat Isaas (The Death of Prophet Jesusas). When Khawaja Kamaluddin found out about this, he asked him why he had published this pamphlet and stated that it was a means of causing disruption and commotion as the very basis and foundation of Christianity was in the belief of Jesus’ ascension. After listening to what Khawaja Kamaluddin had to say, Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sayal replied that if he could not prove the death of Prophet Jesusas, then what was the point of his coming to London?
The ROR of April-1914 reports how Sayyal got published in the “Woking Herald”, (Dated March 27th, 1914). Rev. Weitbrecht has accused the Qadiani-Ahmadi’s of deception, since they were using the word “father” for God. Sayyal even alleges that Muslims believe in the Bible just like Christans. Sayyal signed off on March 19th, 1914 and from the Woking Mosque. The ROR of April-1914 tells us how the Lahori-Ahmadi’s, Khwaja Kamaluddin and his team of workers at the Woking have written an article vs. Rev. Weitbrecht, entitled, “The Muslim Woking Centre and Rev. Weitbrecht.
In the ROR of May-1914 it is alleged that Sayyal had a controversy with Rev. Weitbrecht while in London. This was covered in the “Woking Herald”, “Surrey Herald”, “Egham” and “Stains News”. They seem to have been discussing the death penalty for apostacy. Sayyal signs off from the Woking Mosque (controlled by the Lahori’s).
In the ROR of June, Sayyal is mentioned by the newly elected 2nd Khalifa as well as Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din as two Ahmadi’s working out of London, the Khalifa tells the world that if they want to see the missionary spirit of Ahmadi’s, see the 2 people mentioned in England.
The ROR of July-1914 reports how Sayyal had a communication of his published in local newspapers like the Surrey Herald, Woking Herald, Eghans and Staines news, dated June 19th, 1914. The communication is titled, “Christian and Islamic ideals”. He seems to have written vs. Reverend H.U. Weitbrecht, who had many discussions with Ahmadi’s in terms of the Yuz Asaf theory. He also argues that MGA is the second coming of Krishna. He also talked down about Khwaja Kamaluddin and claimed that he wasn’t a proper missionary and all Muslims were missionaries, he also stated how Khwaja Kamaluddin was educated in Christian schools. There is another letter in the ROR of July-1914 which is a review of an article by Khwaja Kamaluddin, in his newspaper, “The Light” of June 6th, 1914. This seems to have appeared in the same newspaper of Dec 14th, 1912 (page 595), it seems that Khwaja Kamaluddin wrote about a connection with MGA’s prophecies and the Balkan War (doomsday prophecy).
The ROR of Jan-1915 has an article by Sayyal entitled, “Inspiration”, in this he argues that divine revelation hasn’t ended. He signs off with the address of 3 Vaughan Ave, Stamford Brook, London, W. He is also mentioned as doing good missionary work in London.
The ROR of Feb-1915 alleges that he is giving speeches in Portsmouth and for events. He was specifically invited by the Portsmouth Lodge of the Theosophical Society at their headquarters at Southsea.
The ROR of March-1915 has an article by Sayyal entitled, “The Development of Faith in an Individual Muslim”, this seems to be a speech that he gave at the “Northbridge Society”, 21 Cromwell Road, South Kensington W.
The ROR Of April-1915 alleges that Sayyal converted a few white men to Qadianism.
The ROR of June-1915 alleges that via Sayyal, a white lady converted to Ahmadiyya, they even posted a copy of her letter. Sayyal seems to be working out of Southsea. She claims to have read the “Teachings of Islam”. Sayyal even claims that there are 400,000 Ahmadi’s in the world (a lie).
The ROR of July-1915 reports huge lecturing tours of Sayyal, which were also covered in local newspapers like the “Birmingham illustrated weekly Mercury” (Birmingham Illustrated weekly Mercury 5 Dec 1914). Some of these lectures were in the Theosophical Society on Corporation Street. There is also a summary of speeches that were given by Sayyal in and around London in 1915, he claims that MGA was born in 1830. Allegedly, Sayyal converted an 18-year old young Jewish boy to Qadianism. His name was Mr. Charles S. Schleich and he already had leanings towards Bahaism. Ahmadiyya sources allege that he read “Teachings of Islam” and George Sale’s Quran and accepted Qadianism.
The ROR of Sep-1915 reports howe Sayyal keeps giving lectures in and around London and desperate for converts. Sayyal seems to be living at 39 Upper Bedford Place, Russel Square, London.
The ROR of Nov-1915 has an article by Sayyal (while he was in London) wherein he attempts to refute Samuel Marinus Zwemer (who was working in Egypt)(Nile Missionary Press).
The ROR of January-1916 alleges that it was Sayyal who told (roughly late 1914 and early 1915) the Anjuman Tarraqi Islam at Qadian that there was a huge need for an english translation of the Quran, this set into motion a series of events wherein Part-1 of an english commentary of the Quran was published. Anyone who wants to get a copy of Part-1 of an english commentary of the Quran should send a letter to Secretary of the Anjuman Tarraqi Islam, Punjab, Qadian, India or to Qazi Abdullah at 257 Richmond Road, Twickenham, UK.
The ROR of February-1916 has a long write up on the 2 year anniversary of the Anjuman Tarraqi Islam. They also announced expenditures at 2646-14-0 rupees. They also announced that there were 15 Qadiani-Ahmadi missionaries working in the world, 12 in India, 2 in England (Qazi Abdullah and Sayyal) and 1 in Mauritius. Moreover, he seems to be working with an islamic organization called, “The Islamic Society”, it is located next door as the 2 ahmadi murrabi’s, the address is 46 Great Russel Street, London. Sayyal is a vice president. Qazi Abdullah is on the committee.
The ROR of Mar-April of 1916 reports that Sayyal left England on February 5th, 1916 for British-India on N.Y.K. liner SS Hirano Maru. It also mentioned how newly converted British lady remembers his lectures. On his way to British-India, he stopped in Durban, South Africa and gave 2 lectures. He then stopped (Feb-23rd, 1916) in Colombo, Sri Lanka and met Ahmadi’s therein. A local newspaper, “Ceylonese” covered the story. They allege that he was working out of the Woking for a bit and then moved to Twickenham, London. They claim that Sayyal converted a man named Mr. Charles Rosher and his wife, and Mr. Silvio Bashir Corio, the first ever European to Ahmadiyya and Suleiman Schleich and Miss Ettridge. Sayyal reached Qadian on March 30th, 1916.
The ROR of June-1916 has an essay by him wherein he recounts his time in England how a white lady asked him about fate in Islam and specifically Chapter 17:13 (17:14 in the qadiani quran). The white lady had an english translation of the quran by Rodwell (1876), Sayyal argued that Rodwell had mis-translated the word “Tair”, he argues that this word means bird or something else. This was in an essay entitled, “Notes on English Translations of The Holy Quran”. The ROR of June-1916 alleges that three Qadiani-Ahmadi missionaries were sent to Chittagong, Bengal, British-India (modern day Chattogram, Bangladesh). It was Fateh Muhammad Sayyal, Moulvi Sayed Sarwaar Shah and Maulvie Sheikh Abdur Rahman (graduate of Al-Azhar, and a Maulvie Fazil). The ROR alleges that their place of residence was set on fire and these murrabi’s barely escaped. The ROR of June-1916 alleges that Qazi Abdullah is doing good work in England and the work of Fateh Muhammad Sayyal is remembered, specifically, how he converted Mr. Silvio Bashir Corio, the first ever European to Ahmadiyya.
The ROR of July-1916 reports that a man named H.M. Evans of Portsmouth (Southsea) allegedly converted to Ahmadiyya. It cites a speech by Fateh Muhammad Sayyal which led to this conversion. After a few years, H.M. Evans of Portsmouth (Southsea) was never heard from again. Fateh Muhammad Sayyal was in Qadian during this conversion. Qazi Abdullah is not mentioned as part of this conversion. Interestingly, a British-Ahmadi-lady vouched for Mr. Evans and claims to have known him for a few years.
The ROR of Sep-1916 has an essay by him entitled, “Ahmad and the British Empire”. He is called a “good example” by a new British convert (Brother Evans).
The ROR of Oct-1916 gives a review from from an Australian paper on the Qadiani-Ahmadi english translation of the Quran (Part 1 of 30). It gives review from newspapers in and around London too. It also reports how this english translation was given to the Governor of Ceylon aka Sri Lanka. The Secretary wrote a letter of acknowledgement to the Ahmadiyya Association therein. It also reports that two Ahmadi missionaries (Fateh Muhammad Sayyal and Sheikh Abdur Rehman Misri) are supposed to be sent in the near future (this never happened).
The ROR of Nov-1916 reports an essay of his is given, entitled, “Revelation” (Part-1) Life of Muhammad (saw).
In the ROR of Dec-1916, an essay of his is given, entitled, “Revelation” (Part-2) Life of Muhammad (saw).
The ROR of Dec-1916 reports that the Ahmadiyya Movement spoke to the Deputy Commissioner of Gurdaspur and got him to produce a certificate wherein he certified that the Ahmadiyya Movement and 2 of their murrabi’s, Choudhari Fateh Mohammad Sayal and Sheikh Abdur Rahman (Misri). The name of the Deputy Commissioner was G.N. Boswith Smith.
The ROR of April-May-1917 has an essay by him entitled, “Islam on War”.
The ROR of Aug-1917 reports that the Ahmadiyya Movement has secured a location for its propaganda, it is at No. 4, Star Street, Edgware Road, London, W.2.. Mufti Muhammad Sadiq led the Eid prayer. This is very close to Hyde Park. Sayyal was mentioned as the pioneer Ahmadiyya missionary. Mr. F.M. Sayal (M.A.) has been sent to Kashmir.
He is Qadian and enjoying his life. He wrote an essay in the Dec-1917 edition of the ROR on “The Style of the Holy Quran”, Part-1. In this, he quoted MGA’s famous book, “The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam”.
While living in Qadian, he writes an essay in the Jan-1918 edition of the ROR on the topic of “The Style of the Holy Quran”, Part-2.
The ROR of Mar-Apr-1918 has an essay of his entitled, “The Style of the Holy Quran”, Part-3.
The ROR of June-1918 reports that he translated some random writing of MGA into english entitled, “Prayer”.
In the Aug-Sep-1918 edition of the ROR, Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial wrote an article entitled, “Ahmad in Australian Papers”. Sayyal claims that there are 12 Ahmadi’s in Australia, of which 6 are white people (this is a lie). Sayyal names 2 other Ahmadi’s, Mr. Abdullah and Ali Bahudar Khan. The ROR then presents the article on MGA which was published in an Australian newspaper, “The Truth”, the article is entitled, “Ahmad, the Prophet”. They claim that MGA predicted the fall of the Tsar of Russia among other things. The death of Dowie is also presented as a sign of MGA. A book of the 2nd Khalifa was published by “The Telegram” newspaper, which is out of Brisbane, the book is, “Mighty Signs of the Living God” (written in 1917).
The ROR of May-Jun-July-1919 explains how the arrival of Nayyar and Sial is expected in the UK. Per the ROR of Aug-Sep-1919, he left Qadian for the UK in the middle of June-1919 and arrived in the UK on 8-16-1919. They also announce the conversion of a man named Sagar Chand. He returned to London to be the Imam again, Nayyar travelled with him. The ROR of Oct-Nov-1919 reports that he is in London and giving lectures on Sunday’s at the Ahmadiyya Hall.
In the July-1920 edition of the ROR, it is reported how Sayyal is giving lectures. Maulana Nayyar and Azeez ud Din are also working with him. The ROR also reported that a family in Birmingham had converted to Ahmadiyya, however, this is a lie. They claim this is a Jewish family and even give the names as:
Sial and his team gave a list of 57 converts to Ahmadiyya in the same July-1920 edition of the ROR. It also claims that Mufti Muhammad Sadiq converted 300 people to Ahmadiyya during his short stay in the UK.
In August 1920, Fateh Muhammad Sial acquired a one-acre site at Southfields which became active mission house and his main base of operation, but within the space of a few years the Mission House was no longer sufficient and plans for a construction of a mosque on the site were finalized.
The ROR of Oct-1920 tells us that he visited Paris, France and attended some conference.
The ROR of Sep-1921 reports that Sayyal is staying at Mecca and he is enroute to Qadian.
He returns to India. Completing his second tour of London as an imam. The March-1921 ROR also mentions his work in London, a few of his dreams are also mentioned. The Jan-1921 edition tells us that he is the lead Ahmadiyya imam and has been suffering from bad health, his assistants are Nayyar and Mubarak Ali. Mubarak Ali was supposed to go to West Africa, however, Nayyar was chosen.
He is mentioned in the ROR of March-April-May-1922, he accompanied the Khalifa to Lahore as they presented the famous book, “A Present to His Royal Highness – The Prince of Wales” to King Edward. He is working in many capacities for the Khalifa at Qadian.
It is mentioned how Sayyal is trying to spread Ahmadiyya to its neighboring villages. He is working as the secretary of the tabligh, education and missionary departments.
His picture appears in the November 1928 edition of the ROR.
The February 1930 edition of the ROR reports that he was at the 1929 Jalsa and even gave a speech.
He is mentioned in the ROR of June-1932.
He gave a speech at the 1932 Jalsa at Qadian (See the ROR of Jan-1933).
In 1934, he murdered another ahmadi murrabi, Maulvi Muhammad Amin and got away with it (even though the admitted to it, see Khosla’s judgement), this was 3 years before Bashir Ahmad Misri accused the Khalifa of rape and the subsequent murder of Fakhur ud Din Multani.
He was at Qadian and hosting meetings wherein Ahmadi’s were cursing the police at Qadian and all British officials in the Punjab (See 291/356 and many others).
He is arrested and jailed by the Indian police for crimes against Sikhs. He is eventually released, however, the dates are unknown, he then travels to Qadian. He then moved to Lahore.
It is reported that Sayyal co-owns land with the 2nd Khalifa in Lahore.
28 February 1960: Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial passed away. He was a companion of MGA and the first ever missionary sent from India to the United Kingdom, under the khilafat of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays
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- Tareekh e Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 3, page 457.
- “28 February – 5 March”. Al Hakam. 2020-02-28. Retrieved 2020-04-07.
- “The Baitulfutuh Mosque- Ahmadiyya Muslim Community: An Overview”. http://www.baitulfutuh.org. Retrieved 2020-04-07.
- “Imams of Fazl Mosque”. Archived from the original on 2014-08-10.
- Short Biography of Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial, (Urdu) by Ata ul Waheed Bajwah, published by Majlis Khuddam-ul Ahmadiyya PakistanRabwah (2008).
- Malfoozat; Vol. 2, pp.138-139. [December 27th 1901] 
- Michelle O’Harte Image of Sial’s Letter dated September 25th 1907, Tareekh Ahmadiyyat Vol. 3, page 461
- Short Biography of Fateh Muhammad Sial by Ata ul Waheed Bajwa, Rabwah (2008)