The publish date has never been given. We estimate that it was before June of 1884. Since Muhammad Hussain Batalvi wrote his review of the 4 parts of the Barahin in his June-July-August edition of the Ishaat us Sunnah. He devoted a whopping one hundred and fifty three pages of Issue Nine and Ten to respond to each of these criticisms with well researched arguments. The amount of time, effort, money, and his personal capital, Batalavi spent on defending Ahmad reveals the extent of their ideological and social connections.
The review also reveals Batalavi’s perceptions of Ahmad. Batalavi clearly identifies with Ahmad as a fellow Punjabi Ahl-e-Hadith who is willing to spend considerable resources to defend Islam. He also sees Ahmad as more rural, less educated, less sophisticated, and less successful than himself. He sees Ahmad as “a Punjabi who has never had the opportunity” to live in the cosmopolitan cultural centers of Hindustan, “who hasn’t had the occasion to read Urdu literature” and therefore is not able to write “refined Urdu vernacular” (Batalavi, 1884: 346).
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