Allah called it “Fatah-Mobina” in 48:1 of the Quran, this destroys all Qadiani argument on this topic (Check out Brother Imtiaz explaining it here on the Dawah Wise youtube channel). Chapter 48 of the Quran covers the entire incident of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. When Allah called it “Fatah-Mobina”, it happened been completed, in fact, only the the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah had been signed and Muslims hadn’t performed Hajj or Umra. Thus, Allah was already called it a victory. Make sure to check out Tafsir ibn Kathir on this topic (Chapter 48).
It seems that MGA started arguing that the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah was a sitution wherein Muhammad (saw) misunderstood information from Allah only after he lost in his prayer duel with Athim. We have found the reference in MGA’s writings, it’s from Maktubat-e-Ahmad, Volume-2. This letter was written to Nawab Sardar Muhammad Ali Khan and MGA was discussing the failed prophecy of the death of Athim in 15 months. MGA was trying to create a parallel between his failed prophecy and an alleged failed prophecy by Muhammad (Saw) (nauzobillah). There is a note at the end of this letter, which seems to be from the editors, they claim that this letter has no date and no envelope. The editors claim that this letter is from September 1894. Maktubat-volume-2 was published after MGA died in 1912. Thus, we think it was added later. The ROR of April-1940 mentions The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and alleges that Muslims took Bait before they set out. In 1988, in the famous 5-volume commentary of the Quran, Malik Ghulam Farid asserted that Muhammad (saw) had a vision/dream and it didn’t come to fruition. He quotes Ibn Hisham, which isn’t an authentic source of information on Islam (see page 2937).
Maktubat-e-Ahmad, Maktub-12, pages 204-205, Volume-2
MGA says that Esa (as) had 70 companions leave him and in Tafsir Ibn Kathir writes that many companions of Muhammad (saw) left Islam after the failed Hajj and failed dream (nauzobillah) of Muhammad (saw). However, no one has ever found this in Tafsir ibn Kathir.
The scan work
Tafsir ibn Kathir on Chapter 48
Quran Tafsir | Tafsir Ibn Kathir – Surah 48. Al-Fat-h . Ayah 1 (alim.org)
This honorable Surah was revealed after the Messenger of Allah returned from the area of Al-Hudaybiyyah, during the month of Dhul-Qa`dah, in the sixth year of Hijrah. This is when the idolators prevented him from reaching Al-Masjid Al-Haram to perform the `Umrah he intended. They stopped the Prophet from reaching Makkah at that time, but then were prone to peace negotiations. A peace treaty was conducted stipulating that the Messenger would return this year and then come back for `Umrah the following year. The Messenger agreed. However, some of the Companions disliked these terms, including `Umar bin Al-Khattab, as we will mention in detail, Allah willing, while explaining this Surah. After the Prophet slaughtered his sacrificial animals in the area where he was stopped and headed back to Al-Madinah, Allah the Exalted and Most Honored revealed this Surah about what occurred between him and the idolators. Allah declared the Al-Hudaybiyyah peace treaty a manifest victory, because of the benefits peace would carry and the good results that did originate from it. `Abdullah bin Mas`ud and other Companions said, “You consider the conquering of Makkah to be Al-Fath (the victory), while to us, Al-Fath is the treaty conducted at Al-Hلudaybiyyah.” Jabir (bin `Abdullah) said, “We only considered Al-Fath to be the day of Hلudaybiyyah!” Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara’ (bin `Azib) said, “You consider Al-Fath to be the conquest of Makkah, which was indeed a victory. However, we consider Al-Fath to be the pledge of Ar-Ridwan on the Day of Al-Hudaybiyyah. Then, we were fourteen hundred with the Messenger of Allah . Al-Hudaybiyyah had a well, whose water we consumed, not leaving a drop of water in it. When the news of what happened reached the Messenger of Allah , he came towards us and sat on the edge of the well. Then he asked to be brought a bucket of water and used it for ablution. He next rinsed his mouth, invoked Allah and poured that water into the well. Soon after, that well provided us, as well as our animals, with sufficient water, in whatever amount of water we wished. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Umar bin Al-Khattab said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah on a trip, and I asked him about a matter three times, but he did not answer me. So I said to myself, `May your mother lose you, O son of Al-Khattab! You were stubborn in repeating your question three times to the Messenger of Allah ; each time he did not respond to you.’ So I mounted my animal, my camel, and went ahead for fear that a part of the Qur’an might be revealed in my case. Suddenly, I heard a caller calling, `O `Umar!’ So, I went to the Messenger while fearing that part of the Qur’an was revealed about me. The Prophet said,
(Last night, a Surah was revealed to me that is dearer to me than this life and all that it contains: (Verily, We have given you a manifest victory. That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future.)) Al-Bukhari, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i collected this Hadith from several chains of narration through Malik, may Allah grant him His mercy. `Ali bin Al-Madini commented, “This is a good chain of narration consisting of the scholars of Al-Madinah.” Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “This Ayah was revealed to the Prophet ,
(That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future,) on his return from Al-Hudaybiyyah. The Prophet said,
(Tonight, an Ayah, that is dearer to me than all that the earth carries, was revealed to me.) The Prophet recited the Ayah to them. They said, `Congratulations, O Allah’s Messenger! Allah the Exalted and Most Honored has stated what He will do with you. So what will He do with us’ These Ayat were revealed to the Prophet ,
(That He may admit the believing men and the believing women to Gardens under which rivers flow. ..), until,
(…a supreme success.)” This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs. Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Mughirah bin Shu`bah said, “The Prophet used to pray until both his feet were swollen. He was asked, `Has not Allah forgiven you all your sins of the past and of future’ He said,
(Should I not be a thankful servant)” The two collectors of the Sahihs collected this Hadith, as well as, the rest of the Group, except Abu Dawud. Allah’s statement,
(Verily, We have given you a manifest victory.) means, clear and apparent victory. This Ayah is about the treaty at Al-Hudaybiyyah, which resulted in great goodness, including people embracing Islam in large crowds and having the chance to meet each other openly. During that time, the believers preached to the idolators and thus beneficial knowledge and faith spread all around. Allah’s statement,
(That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, ) contains one of the special virtues of the Messenger , and no one else shares this honor with him. There is not an authentic Hadith that states that any person other than the Messenger earned forgiveness for all of his sins of the past and future on account of performing good deeds. This, indeed, is a great honor for the Messenger of Allah , who fulfilled the requirements of Allah’s obedience, righteousness and straightness at a level never surpassed by a human being in past generations, nor will it ever be surpassed in the generations to come. Muhammad is the perfect human being and the leader and chief of all mankind in this life and the Hereafter. And since he was, and will always be, the most obedient of Allah’s creation to Him and the most honoring of Allah’s commands and prohibitions, he said when his she- camel insisted on kneeling down,
(He Who stopped the elephant, has stopped her too.) The Prophet then declared,
(By the Name of Him in Whose Hand my soul is, this day, if they ask me anything which will respect the ordinances of Allah, I will grant it to them.) And when the Messenger obeyed Allah and accepted the peace offer from the Quraysh, Allah the Exalted said to him,
(Verily, We have given you a manifest victory. That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, and complete His favor on you,) in this life and the Hereafter,
(and guide you on the straight path,) with the glorious legislation and the straight religion that He ordains on you,
(And that Allah may help you with strong help.) due to your obedience of the orders of Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored; Allah will elevate your status and give you victory above your enemies. An authentic Hadith states,
(No servant pardons but Allah grants him honor, and none humbles himself for Allah except that Allah the exalted and sublime raises him (in rank).) `Umar bin Al-Khattab said, “You will never punish someone who disobeyed Allah with you better than obeying Allah the Exalted and Most Honored with him.”
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