The disturbances began after an ultimatum was delivered to the Prime Minister of Pakistan on 21 January 1953 by a deputation of ulama representing Majlis-i Amal (council of action) constituted by an All-Pakistan Muslim Parties Convention held in Karachi from 16 to 18 January 1953. (Including Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat — under Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam) The ultimatum stated unless three demands were met:

  • Removal of Zafarullah Khan from the foreign ministry;
  • Removal of Ahmadis from top government offices;
  • Declaration of Ahmadis as non-Muslims.

The demonstrations began on 1 February 1953, and soon escalated into citywide incidents, including looting and arson. Per Ahmadiyya persecution records, only 5 Qadiani-Ahmadi’s were killed in the 1953 Lahore riots. In fact, be declaring Martial Law, the Pakistani government saved Ahmadi’s and specifically, came to the aid of Mirza Nasir Ahmad. Mirza Nasir Ahmad was imprisoned briefly in Lahore (from Apr-1 to May-28, Mirza Sharif Ahmad also), mostly to save his life, he was arrested and released on 28 May 1953. The police and military seem to have killed over 1000 Muslims in this incident (See Blood, Peter R., ed. December 1996. Pakistan: A Country Study). In 1954, the second Khalifa came to court and was questioned about this entire incident by his long time friend, Justice Munir.



  • Jan – After the convention of the All Pakistan Muslim League at Dhaka, anti-Ahmadiyya elements threatened to take direct action after 22 February 1953, if their demands were not met.
  • 1 Feb – Burial of an Ahmadi was resisted by anti-Ahmadiyya elements in Sargodha.
  • 23 Feb – Anti-Ahmadiyya riots broke out in West Pakistan specially in Punjab Province.
  • 27 Feb – Publication of Alfazal, a publication of the Ahmadiyya community, published from Lahore, was banned by the Government for one year. The vacuum was filled by the publication of Farooq. The first issue of Farooq was published on 4 March but after the second issue, it was forced to stop publication on 11 March.
  • 5 Mar – Master Manzoor Ahmed, a teacher was killed in Baghbanpura, Lahore.
  • 6 Mar – Ahmadiyya Noor Mosque, Rawalpindi was attacked and set on fire by a mob.
    • Press belonging to an Ahmadi was burnt.
  • Many shops and houses belonging to Ahmadis and the President of Jamaat Ahmadiyya, Rawalpindi were ransacked.
  • 6 Mar – Countrywide riots including torture, murder attempts and arson started against the Ahmadiyya especially in Lahore.
  • 6 Mar – Martial law was declared in Lahore[5]
  • 8 Mar – Havaldar Abdul Ghafoor and another Ahmadi perfumer were killed in Lahore.
  • 12 Mar – Additional Magistrate Jhang prohibited the Supreme Head of the Ahmadiyya Community from commenting on anti-Ahmadiyya riots and the anti-Ahmadiyya movement.
  • 1 Apr – Mirza Shareef Ahmad and Mirza Nasir Ahmad were arrested in Lahore during the riots. They were released on 28 May.
    • Superintendent of Police Jhang searched Qasre Khilafat and the central offices of Sadar Anjuman Ahmadiyya, Chenab Nagar.
    • Nazir Tableegh was arrested.
  • 7 May – Martial law authorities passed the death sentence on Maulana Abdus Sattar Niazi.
  • 11 May – Martial Law authorities passed the death sentence on Abul Ala Maududi for writing Qadyani Masla, and certain press *statements delivered in February and March.
  • 13 May – Maududi‘s and Niazi’s death sentences were changed to life sentences.
  • 14 May – Martial law was lifted.


  1. Jump up to:a b c Ali Kadir (4 July 2014). “Parliamentary Heretization of Ahmadiyya in Pakistan”. In Gladys Ganiel (ed.). Religion in Times of Crisis. Brill. p. 139. ISBN 9789004277793. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  2. Jump up to:a b Blood, Peter R., ed. (December 1996). Pakistan: A Country Study. Diane Publishing Company. p. 217. ISBN 9780788136313. Retrieved 30 October 2014In order to rid the community of what it considered to be deviant behavior, the JI waged a campaign in 1953 against the Ahmadiyya community in Pakistan that resulted in some 2,000 deaths, brought on martial law rule in Punjab, …
  3. Jump up to:a b c d e “Report of the Court of Inquiry – Introductory”The 10 April 1954. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  4. Jump up to:a b “Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan: An Analysis Under International Law and International Relations” (PDF)Harvard Human Rights Journal16. September 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2005.
  5. ^ “07 Mar 1953 – Martial Law After Lahore Riots”


Links and Related Essay’s

Justice Munir always favored Ahmadi’s

Ahmadiyya persecution rates from 1947 to 1954—barely 20 Ahmadi’s were killed

Who is Mirza Nasir Ahmad? The 3rd Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya Community

Munir-Kiyani Report from 1954 Full Text searchable PDF. Final Conclusion: Ahmadiyya went too far with their Propaganda trying to grab power resulting in violent backlash from Muslims


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