Shaikh Abdullah aka “Sher-e-Kashmir”, “The Lion of Kashmir”(5 December 1905 – 8 September 1982). He enters Ahmadiyya history in the early 1930’s, he was already an Ahmadi by that time (see “”Sheikh Abdullah-A Biography: The Crucial Period 1905-1939″”” 2019 Edition By Syed Taffazull Hussain). In 1931, a Britisher who was living in Jammu reported that Shaykh Abdullah, a Qadiani was the leader of the famous 1931 Kashmir riots against the Maharaja. By 1932, Shaikh Abdullah claims to have totally split with the Ahmadi’s, however, this is was only outwardly. The title, “The Sher of Kashmir” was given to him by the Ahmadiyya Khalifa, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad (See Dost Muhammad Shahid, Tarikh-i  Ahmadiyya, Vol. 5, p. 433, where he provides citations from Maulana Zafar Ali Khan’s fiercely anti-Ahmadi newspaper, Zamindar, which criticized Mahmud Ahmad’s scheme to promote Shaykh ‘Abdullah by redundantly referring to him as the Sher-i Kashmir (See Khan “The construction of the Ahmadiyya Identity”). Interestingly enough, Shaikh Abdullah’s wife, also joined Ahmadiyya, later on, officially in 1936, see the Al-Fazl.

He obtained an M.Sc. in Chemistry from the Aligarh Muslim University (See Hoiberg, Dale H. (2010) p 22-23).

Sheikh Abdullah and his colleagues were greatly influenced by the lectures of a Kashmiri polymath and lawyer Molvi Muhammad Abdullah. Molvi Abdullah‘s son Molvi Abdul Rahim, Abdullah Sheikh and Ghulam Nabi Gilkar were the first three educated Kashmiri youth to be arrested during the public agitation of 1931. He seems to have been an Ahmadi in 1931, as his biographer tells us, see page 68. He was also reported by a Britisher who was living in Kashmir at the time as part of a group of Qadiani’s (see Spencer Lavan). This Britisher was the whistle-blower who broke the story.  It was Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah who introduced young Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah at Jamia Masjid to the masses of Kashmir.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1931–July 25th to August 13th

He secretly met the Khalifa, they used the Khalifa’s car, Ahmadi leaders concurred that there was a Shaykh Muhammad ‘Abdullah of Srinagar who could not risk leaving Kashmir out of the fear that the Darbar would not permit his re-entry into the state. This response was provocative enough to pique Mahmud Ahmad’s interest, so he made arrangements to meet Shaykh ‘Abdullah at a border town called Garhi Habibullah. In a true Bollywood style masquerade, ‘Abd al-Rahim Dard smuggled Shaykh ‘Abdullah, tucked under a blanket and hidden in the backseat of his carriage, across the Indian border into Garhi Habibullah (which is just north of modern day islamabad) to meet the AIKC’s new president. When the meeting with Mirza Mahmud Ahmad was over, Shaykh ‘Abdullah was smuggled back into Kashmir in the same manner in which he arrived (Dost Muhammad Shahid, Tarikh-i Ahmadiyya, Vol. 5, pp. 446-447) (see also the interview of Khwaja Abdul Ghaffar Dar, at the 26:00 minute mark).
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1931, September 21

Shaikh Abdullah is arrested and taken to Badami Bagh (See Sheikh Abdullah-A Biography: The Crucial Period 1905-1939. 2019 Edition By Syed Taffazull Hussain).
1932, July

Shaikh Abdullah is released from jail (See Copland, page 245). He seems to have traveled to Qadian quite a bit in this era and stayed at the house of Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan, Khwaja Abdul Ghaffar Dar reports that a small Jalsa was prepared to celebrate the work of Shaikh Abdullah (at the 28:00 mark). Shaikh Abdullah was not alone, his secretaries were with him, one was named Ghulam Qadir.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1932, Oct 16th

After outwardly breaking with the Qadiani’s, Kashmir’s first political party, the Kashmir Muslim Conference with Abdullah Sheikh as President, Chaudhary Ghulam Abbas as general secretary, and Molvi Abdul Rahim as Secretary was formed on 16 October 1932. In his presidential address Abdullah Sheikh categorically stated that the Muslim Conference had come into existence to struggle for the rights of all oppressed sections of the society and not Muslims alone. It was not a communal party and would struggle for the rights of the oppressed, whether Hindu, Muslim or Sikh, with the same fervor. He reasserted that the struggle of Kashmiri’s was not a communal struggle.

He launches the Quit Kashmir Movement.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________His books vs. Ahmadiyya

“”‘Ahrar aur Qadiyaninoun Ka Kashmakash””(see “”Sheikh Abdullah-A Biography: The Crucial Period 1905-1939″”” 2019 Edition By Syed Taffazull Hussain, see page 89).
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Sheikh Abdullah with other leaders of the 1931 agitation.

Sitting R to L: Sardar Gohar Rehman, Mistri Yaqoob Ali, Sheikh Abdullah, Chaudhary Ghulam Abbas. Standing. R:Molvi AbdurRahim, L:Ghulam Nabi Gilkar

Links and Related Essays

Heroes of Kashmir : Molvi Muhammad Abdullah Vakil

Revisiting AATISH-E-CHINAR: The Biography of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah

Who is Begum Akbar Jehan Abdullah?


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