On the recent stream with Dawah Wise, Maulvi Raheel Ahmad kept arguing that the Sikh’s were so bad that there was no religious freedom in the Punjab and they were killing Muslims. He argued as such for about an hour, finally, Bashir Ahmad Shah was allowed to ask a question and I asked him about MGA’s father (Mirza Ghulam Murtaza) and why did he serve in the Sikh army (along with his brothers), and was thus allowed to move back to Qadian (approved by Ranjit Singh) after being expelled in the late 1790’s and early 1800’s.
Mirza Ghulam Murtaza was a regular Sunni-Muslim and a heavy smoker, we are not sure if this was opium or tobacco, he also never prayed as a Muslim and spent his life in the company of British and Sikh officers. His father was Mirza Ata Muhammad, and uncles lost all of their land to the Ramgharia Sikhs. The entire Mirza family was thus forced into exile. Fateh Singh Ahluvalia protected the Mirza family of Qadian from 1802 to 1814 (see Punjab Chiefs), as the Mirza family fled Qadian and crossed the river Beas and settled in Beghowal. When Ata Muhammad died (his father), in roughly 1814, Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his extended family were allowed to move back to Qadian (see Griffin, Punjab Chiefs and See also “The Quest for the Past: Retracing the History of Seventeenth-Century Sikh Warrior”). Ranjit Singh then gave 5 villages (+Qadian) back to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers. Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers joined the Sikh military, wherein they served until 1849-ish.
Ranjit Singh was in power, he thus confiscated all the misl’s in the Punjab and gave it governmental ownership, except the Ahluwalia Misl, and this is where Mirza Ghulam Murtaza lived. He might have met his wife (Charagh Bibi) in a village named Aima in this era. From 1840-1855, MGA went to Aima many times in his youth.
Mirza Ata Muhammad died in 1814, Mirza Ghulam Murtaza was allowed to bury him in Qadian. Mirza Ghulam Murtaza was barely 22 years old and he entered the Sikh military, he helped kill the Muslims in the battle of Peshawar. MGA tells us that his father “awaited the arrival of the British monarchy like a very thirsty person looks forward to water” [RK, v. 15, p. 113; a little below the middle of the page]. What Mirza Ghulam Ahmad fails to tell us is that his father was fighting on the side of the Sikhs when they were fighting Sayyad Ahmad Baraylvee. Murtaza eventually married Charagh Bibi in roughly 1830, the sister of Mirza Jami‘at Baig of Aima, a village in Hoshiarpur district, we are not sure if the Mirza family ever married into this family ever again, nevertheless, they had 3 children that lived, Murad Bibi (1830), Mirza Ghulam Qadir (1833) and MGA.
Links and Related Essay’s
(5) Ahmadi Highlights on X: “If you’ve ever wondered why Emmadees refuse to engage @Ahmadiyyafacts – here’s why. He’s an encyclopaedia when it comes to this community https://t.co/A4a7leVV7E” / X (twitter.com)
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