Intro
He was the father of Mirza Ghulam Murtaza. His father, Mirza Gul Muhammad had been in a perpetual war with the Ramgaria and Kanheya misls. His birth is totally unknown, however, he died in roughly 1814 (Ahmadiyya sources claim that he was poisoned). In roughly 1802, he was surrounded by all sides by Jassa Singh Ramgaria and his troops, they had confiscated about 84 villages and only Qadian was left and was surrounded by a wall 22 feet high and about 18 ft wide. For the previous 20 years (roughly 1783–1802), Mirza Ata Muhammad and his father Mirza Gul Muhammad had fought off the Sikh misls of Ramgharia and Kanheya. However, they lost Qadian by roughly 1802, which was a fortress city. Mirza Ata Muhammad was forced to flee to a small village called Begowal, which was on the other side of the river Beas, and under the control of a Sikh Sirdar named Fatah Singh Ahluwalia. This was another misl of the Sikh Empire, it bordered with the British government, it is said that this Sirdar was a relative of some important Muslims from the princely state of Kaparthula. Mirza Ata Muhammad then lived for 12 years until he died, roughly 1814. When Ata Muhammad died, in roughly 1814, Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his extended family were allowed to move back to Qadian (see Griffin, Punjab Chiefs). Ranjit Singh then gave 5 villages (+Qadian) back to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers.

1802
The Mirza family was surrounded by all sides by Jassa Singh Ramgaria and his troops, they had confiscated about 84 villages and only Qadian was left and was surrounded by a wall 22 feet high and about 18 ft wide. For the previous 20 years (roughly 1783–1802), Mirza Ata Muhammad and his father Mirza Gul Muhammad had fought off the Sikh misls of Ramgharia and Kanheya. However, they lost Qadian by roughly 1802, which was a fortress city. Mirza Ata Muhammad was forced to flee to a small village called Begowal, which was on the other side of the river Beas, and under the control of a Sikh Sirdar named Fatah Singh Ahluwalia. This was another misl of the Sikh Empire, it bordered with the British government, it is said that this Sirdar was a relative of some important Muslims from the princely state of Kaparthula. Mirza Ata Muhammad then lived for 12 years until he died, roughly 1814.

1814
Mirza Ata Muhammad dies in Begowal (see Dard and Griffin). He has 5 sons. Ahmadiyya sources claim that the body of Ata was brought to Qadian for burial (see Dard and Upal). The grave of Mirza Ata Muhammad is thus at Qadian. This was the first time that Mirza Ghulam Murtaza was allowed to return to Qadian in roughly 12 years. Ranjit Singh then gave 5 villages (+Qadian) back to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers.

1814-1838
Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers seem to be the Chiefs of Qadian and serve in the Sikh military.

Links and Related Essays

https://www.vidhia.com/Historical%2C%20Political%2C%20Philosophical%20and%20Informational/The_Sikhs_of_Punjab.pdf

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/12/18/who-is-mirza-gul-muhammad-died-in-1800/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cis-Sutlej_states

Forefathers of the Promised Messiah(as)

https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/books/9783110556643/9783110556643-008/9783110556643-008.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahluwalia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jassa_Singh_Ramgarhia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanhaiya_Misl

http://www.defencejournal.com/2001/may/sepoy.htm

http://www.newindianexpress.com/lifestyle/books/2018/apr/07/1857-through-the-eyes-of-a-skull-1797554.html

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/12/16/nuzul-ul-masih-or-the-descent-of-the-messiah-published-posthumously-in-1909-and-quotes/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/07/16/the-punjab-chiefs-by-lepel-griffin-1890-edition-doesnt-even-mention-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/01/11/the-entire-mirza-family-was-above-the-law-in-british-india/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/07/08/even-in-1907-mirza-ghulam-ahmad-was-still-lusting-for-his-niece-muhammadi-begum/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2016/12/08/mir-nasir-nawab-the-father-in-law-of-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/12/11/who-is-mirza-nizam-ud-din-1845-the-first-cousin-of-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2016/11/24/mirza-imam-ud-din-the-cousin-of-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/01/13/mirza-sultan-ahmad-mgas-eldest-son/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2016/12/29/22-dancing-girls-were-brought-to-qadian-by-the-mirza-family-1848-ish/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/12/11/who-is-mirza-nizam-ud-din-1845-the-first-cousin-of-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/12/09/who-is-mirza-ghulam-muhi-ud-din-mirza-ghulam-ahmads-paternal-uncle-died-in-1866/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/12/07/the-punjab-chiefs-1909-edition-officially-states-that-mirza-ghulam-ahmad-was-born-in-1839/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/07/16/the-punjab-chiefs-by-lepel-griffin-1890-edition-doesnt-even-mention-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2016/12/26/the-mirza-family-was-above-the-law-in-british-india/

https://www.alislam.org/library/books/Life-of-Ahmad.pdf

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