He was the father of Mirza Ghulam Murtaza. His father, Mirza Gul Muhammad had been in a perpetual war with the Ramgaria and Kanheya misls. His birth is totally unknown, however, he died in roughly 1814 (Ahmadiyya sources claim that he was poisoned). In roughly 1802, he was surrounded by all sides by Jassa Singh Ramgaria and his troops, they had confiscated about 84 villages and only Qadian was left and was surrounded by a wall 22 feet high and about 18 ft wide. For the previous 20 years (roughly 1783–1802), Mirza Ata Muhammad and his father Mirza Gul Muhammad had fought off the Sikh misls of Ramgharia and Kanheya. However, they lost Qadian by roughly 1802, which was a fortress city. Mirza Ata Muhammad was forced to flee to a small village called Begowal, which was on the other side of the river Beas, and under the control of a Sikh Sirdar named Fatah Singh Ahluwalia. This was another misl of the Sikh Empire, it bordered with the British government, it is said that this Sirdar was a relative of some important Muslims from the princely state of Kaparthula. Mirza Ata Muhammad then lived for 12 years until he died, roughly 1814. After his death, Ranjit Singh allowed Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers to join the Sikh military.
The Sikh empire consolidates its 12 misls and comes under one rule, Ranjit Singh. Qadian is totally confiscated, and the entire Mirza family is sent as prisoners to Begowal, in the Ahluwalia misl. The Ahluwalia Misl bordered the British empire to the South-East and Ranjit Singh allowed it to be operated independently by Fateh Singh Ahluvalia. Thus, Diwan Singh becomes the ruler of Qadian, which he controls until 1815 when Jodh Singh Ramgharia dies.
Ranjit Singh occupies Ludhiana. However, he backs off a few years later.
The treaty of Amritsar is signed. The British agree to not attack the Sikhs at their South-Eastern border, which is close to Delhi. This agreement enables the Sikhs to focus the majority of its military towards Kashmir and the West Punjab.
Mirza Ata Muhammad dies in Begowal (see Dard and Griffin). He has 5 sons. Ahmadiyya sources claim that the body of Ata was brought to Qadian for burial (see Dard and Upal). The grave of Mirza Ata Muhammad is thus at Qadian. This was the first time that Mirza Murtaza was allowed to return to Qadian in roughly 12 years, but it was temporary, just a few days.
Qadian is controlled by Diwan Singh, who was a nephew of Jassa Singh Ramgarhia. Jassa died in 1802, and his son Jodh succeeded him. Jodh Singh Ramgharia is the real ruler. He allows his cousin-brother, Diwan Singh to rule Qadian.
Jodh Singh Ramgharia dies. Ranjit Singh takes Diwan Singh (son of Tara Singh), cousin brother of Jodh Singh, Vir Singh (brother of Jodh Singh) and widow of Jodh Singh into official military custody. Diwan Singh’s status as ruler of Qadian also ends, after being taken in custody, however, on the intercession of Sardar Chanda Singh Kanaihya the Ramgarhia Sardars were released from the jail and an annual jagir of 35,000 rupees was granted to them. Diwan Singh refused to accept his share, he then escaped to Patiala. Ranjit Singh then confiscates their entire Misl area and annexes it into the Sikh Empire.
It is unknown as to who was ruling Qadian in this time frame. We would guess that it was Sardar Mangal Singh Ramgarhia, who was the son of Diwan Singh, until he was transferred out in 1839. In 1839, Mangal Singh is sent to the frontiers of the Sikh empire on official military duty.
The Mirza family was still living under the protection of Fateh Singh Ahluvalia. However, he crossed the Sutlej River and asked for British protection vs. Ranjit Singh. Ranjit Singh thus confiscated his entire misl which was called the Cis-Sutlej states.
Fateh Singh returned to Lahore in 1827, and the Maharaja received him with honour restoring to him all his possessions. Later in his life, Fateh Singh lived at Kapurthala where he died in October 1836.
Diwan Singh dies on the road to Srinagar, while on military duty (see Punjab Chiefs. page 175, 1865 edition).
Ahmadiyya sources claim that the entire Mirza family moved back to Qadian in 1834 or 1835 (See Dard), however, this is under the idea that MGA was born in 1835. This is wrong, Ranjit Singh gave 5 villages (+Qadian) back to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers in 1839 and invited the them to move back to Qadian after 37 years of exile (1802–1839). It was actually on the death of Fateh Singh Ahluvalia (1836), a few years after this death, the Mirza family was allowed to move back to Qadian, since their protector was dead.
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