Sir Bertrand James Glancy (31 December 1882 – 17 March 1953) was an Irish-born British colonial administrator and Governor of the Punjab between 1941 and 1946. He retired in 1946. In terms of Ahmadiyya, he wrote the famous “Glancy Report” in 1932 which detailed the description on the causes of the 1931 Kashmir riots against the Hindu/Sikhs and the Muslim perspective towards the Mahajara and the Prime Minister of Kashmir at that time (Hari Kishan Kaul was the Prime Minister of Kashmir for one year, 1931-1932) (See Spencer Lavan). Nevertheless, the Maharaja refused to listen to the grievances in the Glancy Report. The biggest grievance of the Kashmiri people was the law that banned the slaughter of cows. Kashmir was 99% Muslim, however, the slaughters of cows was against the law and punished with life in prison. Glancy was able to persuade the Maharaja to change the punishment from life in jail to 10-years in jail. Another unfair law was that if a hindu became a Muslim, he would be denied his rights of inheritance, Muslims of Kashmir wanted this law abolished, however, Mahajara Hari Singh totally refused.
Glancy is hired from Delhi (where he was working at the time, as the political secretary to the Viceroy, see Zafrullah Khan, ‘Renaissance of Islam”, online edition) by the British government to conduct a report on the Kashmir riots of July-1931. Per Lavan, on this committee there were 5 people, an Ahmadi was representing the Muslims of Kashmir, his name was Ghulam Ahmad Asha’i. Chaudhri Ghulam Abbas represented the Muslims of Jammu, Pandit Lok Math Sharma represented the Hindus of Jammu and Pandit Prem Nath Bazaz represented the Hindus of Kashmir. IOR R/1/1/2164 in Fortnightly Report for the second half of October 1931 from the Resident of Kashmir, F.9-C/30 (3 November 1931); see also IOR R/1/1/2531 in File No. 91 -Political (17 January 1934), in which a warning was sent to B. J. Glancy of the Glancy Commission cautioning that Shaykh ‘Abdullah is an Ahmadi even though he may say that he is not. The conclusion expressed in the file was that the authenticity of the source was dubious and likely to be linked to the opposition (i.e. the Ahrar), who were threatening to publish the fraudulent letter when ‘it suits them ’, as was repeatedly the case throughout Shaykh ‘Abdullah’s career. It is surprising that his affiliations with Jama‘at-i Ahmadiyya were persistently an issue with the Darbar as late as 1934, even though both Ahmadi officials and Shaykh ‘Abdullah himself consistently denied his religious commitment to the community(See Khan “The construction of the Ahmadiyya Identity”).
Per Lavan, the Glancy report was published. Colonel Elliot James Dowell Colvin (27 July 1885 in London, England – 1950 in Delhi, India) was appointed as Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
Links and Related Essays
- “Sir Bertrand Glancy.” Times [London, England] 18 Mar. 1953: 10. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.
- ^ “Clifton College Register” Muirhead, J.A.O. p173: Bristol; J.W Arrowsmith for Old Cliftonian Society; April, 1948