Intro
In 1891, when MGA made the claim of being the Promised Messiah, he quoted 5:75 (5:76) and argued that this particular verse proved that ALL prophets/messengers of Allah had died.
MGA made this argument in Izala Auham, which appeared in the Summer of 1891. A similar verse and line of argumentation is found in 3:144 (3:145) in the Qadiani Quran numbering system). In fact, 3:144 proves that prophets can be killed, this was common, in fact, it appears 10 times in the quran. In the Izala Auham of 1891, MGA used 5:75 and argued that it said specifically that Esa (As) and his mother used to eat food (see pages 8-9), which per MGA proves that they are dead. MGA didn’t harp on the “Qad Khalat” part, which is similar to the phraseology in 3:144. However, MGA is incorrect, the phrase “they used to eat food” (kana ya’kulanitta), is only used to prove that they were human while on Earth and thus needed food to survive. While Esa (as) is in heaven, he may not need any food, since food is not required for survival in JANNAH, food is only eaten for sport and taste. We didn’t find MGA and his team of writers using this argument after 1891, the last time it appears is after MGA died, in the BA5.
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1891, Izala Auham, via the Lahori-Ahmadi’s

“””Prophet Jesus and Lady Mary ate food as human beings do
The fifth verse is: “The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a messenger; messengers before him had indeed passed away. And his mother was a truthful woman. They both used to eat food. See how We make the messages clear to them! then behold, how they are turned away!” (5:75).

This verse conclusively and categorically establishes the death of Prophet Jesus (as) for it elucidates the fact that the prophet and his mother, Mary, do not now eat food. Indeed, there was a time when they both used to do so for the past tense of the verb (kaanaa) tells us that there was a time when they used to eat food. Now, everyone can understand that Lady Mary has ceased to eat because she has died. However, as the verb is used in the dual form (kaanaa), Prophet Jesus (as) is also included in it and both of them are subject to the same law. As a result, we are forced to accept the fact that Lady Mary as well as Prophet Jesus (as) also died, for the verse under discussion in no way says that Lady Mary ceased eating because of death and that Prophet Jesus (as) did so for another reason. Furthermore, when we read this verse (5:75) in conjunction with this other verse of the Holy Qur’an: “Nor did We give them bodies not eating food, nor did they abide (forever)” (21:8), we can draw a definite and irrefutable conclusion that Prophet Jesus (as) certainly died, for the former verse (5:75) proves beyond the shadow of doubt that now neither Lady Mary nor Prophet Jesus (as) is eating food whilst this one (21:8) states that once this earthly body is alive it has to eat. From this, we can conclusively deduce that Prophet Jesus (as) is not alive.

Every human body needs sustenance to live
The sixth verse states: “And We sent not before thee any but men to whom We sent revelation; so ask the followers of the Reminder if you know not. Nor did We give them bodies not eating food, nor did they abide” (21:7-8). This reference was already explained above with the first one (5:75) and if there is one categorical verse sufficient enough to confirm the death of Prophet Jesus (as), it is this one, for since it is the way of Allah, Most High, that no earthly body can exist without food, how can the Prophet Jesus (as) still be alive without physical sustenance? Further, Allah, Most High, clearly states: “That was the way of Allah concerning those who have gone before; and thou wilt find no change in the way of Allah.” (33:62). If someone should argue that the Companions of the Cave are still alive without food, then I affirm that their life is not like that of this world as the hadith from Muslim limiting a person’s life to one hundred years in this world has proven their physical death. Of course, we believe the Companions of the Cave are also alive like the martyrs and their life, too, is a complete one, but they have received deliverance from the impure and imperfect existence of this world. For what is the life of this world and what is its essence?””””
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1908–October

Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya, Vol-5, online english edition, pages 519-520

“””Then there is another verse that proves the death of Hadrat ‘Isa, may peace be upon him. Allah the Exalted says:

Surah al-Ma’idah, 5:76

Meaning: ‘Isa, Masih [ Jesus the Messiah] is but a Messenger; all Messengers before him have died. And his mother was a pious woman, and both of them used to eat food when they were alive. In this verse, Allah the Exalted refutes the divinity of Hadrat ‘Isa, may peace be upon him, and says that all Messengers before him have died. To think, despite this fact, that the Messiah is sitting alive in heaven, is a fallacy. How can this argument be used to prove his divinity
when the argument itself is false, for the truth is that death did not spare anyone and they all died.”””
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Bukhari on 3:144
https://quranx.com/Hadith/Bukhari/USC-MSA/Volume-5/Book-59/Hadith-733/
https://wikiislam.net/wiki/Qur%27an,_Hadith_and_Scholars:Muhammad%27s_Death

Narrated ‘Aisha: Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the Mosque, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon ‘Aisha and went straight to Allah’s Apostle who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet’s face and bowed over him and kissed him and wept, saying, “Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never cause you to die twice. As for the death which was written for you, has come upon you.”

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Abu Bakr went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people. Abu Bakr said, “Sit down, O ‘Umar!” But ‘Umar refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, “To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah said:–“Muhammad is no more than an Apostle, and indeed (many) apostles have passed away before him..(till the end of the Verse )……Allah will reward to those who are thankful.” (3.144) By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this Verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and all the people received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).

Narrated Az-Zuhri: Said bin Al-Musaiyab told me that ‘Umar said, “By Allah, when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me and I fell down at the very moment of hearing him reciting it, declaring that the Prophet had died.”

Sahih Bukhari 5:59:733
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Sunan Ibn Majah on 3:144

https://sunnah.com/search/?q=3%3A144

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ عِنْدَ امْرَأَتِهِ ابْنَةِ خَارِجَةَ بِالْعَوَالِي فَجَعَلُوا يَقُولُونَ لَمْ يَمُتِ النَّبِيُّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ إِنَّمَا هُوَ بَعْضُ مَا كَانَ يَأْخُذُهُ عِنْدَ الْوَحْىِ ‏.‏ فَجَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَقَبَّلَ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ وَقَالَ أَنْتَ أَكْرَمُ عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ أَنْ يُمِيتَكَ مَرَّتَيْنِ قَدْ وَاللَّهِ مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏.‏ وَعُمَرُ فِي نَاحِيَةِ الْمَسْجِدِ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ مَا مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَلاَ يَمُوتُ حَتَّى يَقْطَعَ أَيْدِيَ أُنَاسٍ مِنَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ كَثِيرٍ وَأَرْجُلَهُمْ ‏.‏ فَقَامَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَصَعِدَ الْمِنْبَرَ فَقَالَ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ حَىٌّ لَمْ يَمُتْ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ مُحَمَّدًا فَإِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا قَدْ مَاتَ ‏{وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ أَفَإِنْ مَاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ وَمَنْ يَنْقَلِبْ عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَنْ يَضُرَّ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا وَسَيَجْزِي اللَّهُ الشَّاكِرِينَ}‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ عُمَرُ فَلَكَأَنِّي لَمْ أَقْرَأْهَا إِلاَّ يَوْمَئِذٍ ‏.‏
Grade Da’if (Darussalam)
English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 6, Hadith 1627
Arabic reference  : Book 6, Hadith 1695

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1917

Muhammad Ali, the Lahori-Ahmadi didnt even add the word “All” to this verse
Although he dishonestly translated this verse, he didnt add the word all.  This is from his 1917 edition, and was the only Ahmadiyya commentary on the quran up to that point.

“And Muhammad (saw) is no more than an apostle, the apostles have already passed away before him, if then he dies or is killed, will you turn your back upon your heels?…..”

See here, page 182 http://www.aaiil.org/text/hq/comm/muhammadalienglishholyquran1917/muhammadalienglishholyquran1917.pdf
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1988

Malik Ghulam Farid added the word all to the official 5-Volume commentary on the quran
Finally, in the 1960’s (published in 1988), Malik Ghulam Farid wrote the official 5-volume Commentary on the Quran and “officially” added the word “all”.  See here: https://www.alislam.org/quran/view/?page=456&region=E1&CR=
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Links and Related Essay’s
https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/12/01/mirza-ghulam-ahmad-lied-about-3144-and-the-word-all-is-not-there/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2016/09/23/mga-invented-the-23-year-theory-for-prophets-and-his-opinion-on-6944/
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