Ahmadis argue that 3:144 (3:145 in the Qadiani Quran) verse proves that Esa (As) died. MGA first quoted this verse in Izala Auham (which was written in 1890 and published in 1891). However, in Izala Auham, MGA argued that the word ALL (Kul in arabic) was inferred in this verse and thus, Eisa (as) was also dead. MGA was also indirectly claiming that for 50 years of his life, it never dawned on him what this verse (3:144) actually meant, i.e., the death of Esa (as). MGA had mis-interpreted this verse for 50 years. In fact, in 1888, in Noorudin’s famous book that he wrote on the behest of MGA, “Faslul Khitab”, even Noorudin hadn’t realized that the phrase “Ar-Rusulu” meant ALL and thus also meant that Esa (as) was dead. Thus, no Muslim had ever inferred that ALL was meant in 3:144 in terms of Messengers. Even if it is, it would mean that Esa (as) has to face death eventually, nothing else.
2 years later, in “Shahadatul-Quran” (1893)(online english edition from the Lahori-Ahmadi’s) MGA quoted 77:11 of the Quran and argued that “Ar-Rusulu” had a singular connotation and referred to himself (MGA)as the Promised Messiah. Thus contradicting his previous stance that Ar-rusulu meant ALL. Ar-rusulu also occurs in 23:51, as allah does refer to ALL in this verse. 41:14 is another instance, also see 12:110.
A similar verse and line of argumentation is found in 5:75 (5:76 in the Qadiani Quran numbering system). This argument became a major theme and marketing point for Ahmadis. They also refer to a hadith which references this verse (See Sahih Bukhari). Furthermore, this verse also proves that prophets can be killed, this was common, in fact, it appears 10 times in the quran.
Noorudin on 3:144 in 1888, via Faslul Khitab, page 28
See a good video on this here at 2:02:15 minute mark
Noorudin wrote that “Ar-Rusulu” meant many messengers, not ALL.
“”Muhammad (saw) was just one Messenger, before him, many Messengers have passed”
“”Muhammad salaal salam to aik rasul hai, pallay isse bhot rasul ja chuke hain”
Izala-e-Auham, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 3, pp. 277-278, via Essence of Islam, Vol.3
“””The Holy Qur’an clearly states that there never was a Prophet who did not pass away:
3:144 of the Quran
21:35 of the Quran
21:9 of the Quran
To conceive of Jesus as alive in the face of these verses, and to believe, contrary to the purport of the verse:
21:9 of the Quran
that Jesus is alive in heaven like the angels, without the need of food, would be to turn away from the Holy Word of God.
I again affirm that if Jesus is alive in heaven in his physical body, then the Divine reasoning set out in one of the above verses—that if the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) were to die it would not be inconsistent with his Prophethood as all Prophets before
him have been subject to death—would be accounted as defective and meaningless. Surely God Almighty is far above saying that which is not true and is against the facts.”””
In “Shahadatul-Quran” (1893)(online english edition from the Lahori-Ahmadi’s) MGA argued that “Ar-Rasoolu” means singular and referred to MGA himself as the Promised Messiah. MGA was quoting 77:11 wherein Ar-rusulu does in fact mean ALL and refers to the recall of all the messengers of Allah on the day of judgement.
Kitab-ul-Bariyyah, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 13, pp. 219-226 footnote, via Essence of Islam, vol.3
The Holy Qur’an has categorically said that Jesus (peace be on him) had died. The verse:
3:144 of the Quran
clearly establishes that Jesus (peace be on him) died. Sahih Bukhari furnishes proof on the authority of Ibn-e-‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) that, in this verse, the expression Tawaffi connotes death. It is utterly wrong to suggest that the expression Tawaffaitani, which
is in the past tense, should be construed to indicate the future, that is to say, that Jesusas had not yet died but would die in the latter days. The purport of the verse is that Jesusas would submit that his people did not go astray in his lifetime but were led astray after his death.
If it is assumed that Jesus (peace be on him) is not dead, it will also have to be acknowledged that the Christians have not yet gone astray, because the verse clearly states that they went astray after the death of Jesusas. Only those who are utterly bereft of faith can deny such express authority.
Seeing that the Holy Qur’an affirms the death of Jesus (peace be on him) and designates the Holy Prophetsa as the Seal of Prophets, and Hadith confirms both these verities and also states that the Messiah who is to come will be one of the Muslims, the question arises as to how such a consensus could have reached that Jesusas would descend bodily from heaven in the latter days? The answer is that there never was such a consensus, and anyone who claims to the contrary must either be extremely stupid or dishonest. The companions of the Holy Prophetsa
were in no need of looking into the details of this affair.
According to the verse: 5:117
they believed that Jesusas had died. That is why when Hadrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), perceived at the time of the death of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that some people were in doubt concerning his death, he emphatically affirmed
that all Prophets had died and no one of them was alive. He recited the verse:
Not a single person questioned his statement. Then there is Imam Malik, a great Imam, a reputed scholar of the Qur’an and Hadith and a righteous one; he believed that Jesusas had died. So did Imam Bin Hazam whose high status is well known, and so did Imam Bukhari whose compilation of Ahadith is known as the truest book after the Book of God. In the same way, the learned Muhaddathin and commentators Ibn-e-Taimiyyah and Ibn-e-Qayyim, who were the Imams of their respective ages, believed that Jesusas had died. The Chief of the Sufis, Sheikh Mohy-ud-Din Ibn Al-‘Arabi very clearly stated in his commentary that Jesusas had died. The same has been the case with leading scholars, Muhaddathin and commentators. All the Imams and scholars of the Mu‘tazila held the same view. It would, therefore, be a daring invention to say that the bodily ascent of Jesusas to heaven and his expected descent has been a matter of consensus.
These are the beliefs of the people of the time when thousands of innovations had found their way into Islam. These were the middle ages which are described by the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as Faij-e-A‘waj. It is concerning these people that he
‘They are not of me and I am not of them.’
In adopting such a belief, they transgressed from the Holy Qur’an in four ways. They cannot cite any verse or any Hadith in support of the fiction that Jesusas had ascended bodily to heaven. They deceive the common people by adding the word heaven to the word Nuzul, whereas it does not occur in any Hadith whose accuracy is beyond doubt. In Arabic, the word Nuzul merely means ‘arrival’, like the arrival of a traveller. In our own country, the equivalent of Nuzul is used for the arrival of a stranger and no one has the slightest notion that such a one descends from heaven. A thorough search of the books of Hadith of all Muslim sects would not produce a single Hadith of any kind stating that Jesusas had ascended bodily to heaven and would return to earth in some later age. If anyone should set forth such a Hadith, we are prepared to pay him as much as twenty thousand rupees as penalty; we shall also publish a confession of our mistake and burn all our books. Let anyone who wishes come forward to satisfy himself.”””
Tiryaq-ul-Qulub, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 15, pp. 461-462 footnote
“””The citation by Hadrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), on the occasion of the death of the Holy Prophetsa, of the verse:
shows that he believed Jesus (peace be on him) to be dead. If this verse is to be construed to mean that some Prophets had died before the advent of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and some were still living, then it would not support the reasoning of Hadrat Abu Bakrra, as it would not be an authority for the death of all previous Messengers. Yet none of the companions of the Holy Prophetsa, who were all present on the occasion, took exception to the reasoning of Hadrat Abu Bakrra, which shows that it was supported by the
consensus of the companions, which is held as binding and can never err. One of the many favours that Hadrat Abu Bakrra bestowed upon the Muslims is that during his rightful Khilafat he opened the door of truth and accuracy to deliver them from the error that was to arise in later
times and erected such a strong barrier against the flood of misguidance as cannot be demolished by the divines of this age even if they were assisted by all the Jinns. So we pray that God Almighty may shower thousands of blessings on the soul of Hadrat Abu Bakrra who conclusively settled, on the basis of pure Divine revelation, that Jesus had died.”””
The Miracle of Ahmad (I‘jaz-e-Ahmadi)
Online english edition
See pages 30-31
Tohfah-e-Golarhviyyah , Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 17, pp. 173-174, Via Essence of Islam, vol-3
“””It is absolutely wrong to say that Jesus (peace be on him) has ascended bodily to heaven. There is no proof of this in the Holy Qur’an nor in Ahadith, nor can reason accept it; indeed the Qur’an and the Hadith and reason all three reject it. The Holy Qur’an has clearly said that Jesus (peace be on him) has died, and the Hadith narrating the Me‘raj [Spiritual Ascent] of the Holy Prophetsa informs us that Jesusas has joined the souls of the departed Prophets (peace be on them), and has cut asunder completely from the earth. Reason tells us that it is not the way of Allah that a mortal body should ascend to heaven and, discarding all the characteristics of earthly life like eating and drinking etc., should join the souls who have suffered bodily death and have arrived in the hereafter. Reason can furnish no such instance. Moreover, as the belief that Jesus (peace be on him) ascended bodily to heaven is inconsistent with the Holy Qur’an, so is the doctrine of his bodily descent inconsistent with the Holy Qur’an.
The Holy Qur’an affirms the death of Jesus in the verses:
and proclaims the end of normal Prophethood after the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and clearly affirms that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is Khatam-ul- Anbiya’ by stating:
But those who insist on bringing Jesus (peace be on him) back to the earth believe that he will return with the status of a Prophet and for forty-five years Gabriel shall continue to convey Prophetic revelation to him. What room does this doctrine leave for the belief that Prophethood ended with the Holy Prophetsa? According to them it is Jesus who is the Khatam-ul-Anbiya’.”””
See pages 17-21, online english edition of 2003
Via Haqiqatul Wahy, online english edition
Many references to 3:144.
Barahin i Ahmadiyya, vol. 5, online english edition
Many references to 3:144.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________A proper translation and interpretation of 3;144
“”””With regard to their being routed when it was rumoured that the Prophet had been killed and the hypocrites had said to the believers ‘If he has been killed go back to your previous religion’ the following was revealed Muhammad is only a messenger; messengers have passed away before him. Why if he should die or is slain like others will you turn back on your heels will you return to unbelief the last statement is the locus of the interrogative of denial in other words ‘he was not a worshipped being so that if he were to die you should turn back to your previous religion’. If any man should turn back on his heels he will not harm God in any way but will be harming himself and God will requite those that are thankful for His graces by staying firm.”””
See Tafsir al Jalayan—http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=74&tSoraNo=3&tAyahNo=144&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageId=2
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Tafsir Ibn Kathir on 3:144
(144. Muhammad is no more than a Messenger, and indeed Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; and Allah will reward the grateful. )
See here: http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=491&Itemid=46#7
_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Ibn Kathir’s extended commentary on 3:144
See here: http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=490&Itemid=46
|The Rumor that the Prophet was Killed at Uhud|
Bukhari on 3:144
Narrated ‘Aisha: Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the Mosque, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon ‘Aisha and went straight to Allah’s Apostle who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet’s face and bowed over him and kissed him and wept, saying, “Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never cause you to die twice. As for the death which was written for you, has come upon you.”
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Abu Bakr went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people. Abu Bakr said, “Sit down, O ‘Umar!” But ‘Umar refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, “To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah said:–“Muhammad is no more than an Apostle, and indeed (many) apostles have passed away before him..(till the end of the Verse )……Allah will reward to those who are thankful.” (3.144) By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this Verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and all the people received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).
Narrated Az-Zuhri: Said bin Al-Musaiyab told me that ‘Umar said, “By Allah, when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me and I fell down at the very moment of hearing him reciting it, declaring that the Prophet had died.”
Ahmadis quote a certain hadith in connection with this verse, however, the word “all” doesnt exist there either
“Abdullah Bin Abbas narrated that Abu Bakr came out while Umar was conversing with the people. He said to Umar to sit but he refused to comply with. So, the people turned towards him (Abu Bakr) and left Umar. Then Abu Bakr said: Whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, let him know that Muhammad is dead, and whoever amongst you worshipped Allah, let him know that Allah is Living, there is no death for Him. Allah has said, `And Muhammad is only a Messenger. Verily, all Messengers have passed away before him…’ The narrator says, by God, the people did not know that God had sent down this verse until Abu Bakr has recited it. So, the people in their entirety learnt it from him; then, whosoever amongst the people heard it recited it. Then Saeed Bin Musayyeb has told me, that Umar swearing by God said, did not know of this verse till he heard it from Abu Bakr, and consequently his legs could not support him, he staggered and fell down in an outburst of grief.” (Bukhari Kitabun Nabiyye Ila Kisra Wa Qaisara, Musnad Imam Abu Hanifa, p. 188, Hamamul Islamiyya, p. 54, Bukhari, Vol. 2, Manaqib Abu Bakr)
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Ahmadis add the word “all” to this hadith also
So remember…MGA didnt even add the word “all”..so Ahmadis are caught looking stupid in this instance and many others.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Sunan Ibn Majah on 3:144
Muhammad Ali, the Lahori-Ahmadi didnt even add the word “All” to this verse
Although he dishonestly translated this verse, he didnt add the word all. This is from his 1917 edition, and was the only Ahmadiyya commentary on the quran up to that point.
“And Muhammad (saw) is no more than an apostle, the apostles have already passed away before him, if then he dies or is killed, will you turn your back upon your heels?…..”
^^^This proves that MGA never wrote that the word “all” is included in this verse.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Malik Ghulam Farid added the word all to the official 5-Volume commentary on the quran
Finally, in the 1960’s (published in 1988), Malik Ghulam Farid wrote the official 5-volume Commentary on the Quran and “officially” added the word “all”.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essay’s
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