Majlis-e Ahrar-e Islam (Urduمجلس احرارلأسلام‎), also known in short as Ahrar, is a religious Muslim political party in the Indian subcontinent that was formed during the British Raj (prior to the Partition of India) on 29 December 1929 at Lahore.

The group became composed of Indian Muslims inspired by and supporting the Khilafat Movement, which cleaved closer to the Congress Party. The party is based in Punjab and gathered support from the urban lower-middle class. Chaudhry Afzal HaqMaulana Habib-ur-Rehman Ludhianvi and Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari were the leaders of the party. 

Religious leaders from all sects Sunni BarelviDeobandiAhle HadithShia Progressive and politically Communists were the members of Majlis-e-Ahrar. Chaudhry Afzal HaqSyed Ata Ullah Shah BukhariHabib-ur-Rehman LudhianviMazhar Ali Azhar, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan and Dawood Ghaznavi were the founders of the party. The Ahrar was composed of Indian Muslims disillusioned by the Khilafat Movement, which cleaved closer to the Congress Party.

In 1942, the Ahrar’s and Ahmadi’s had a huge confrontation in a village called Bhamari (See page 103/356, and many others, this is a document from the British library).

We have posted internal British government reports from 1934–1946 which explain the true story of Ahmadiyya vs. Muslims in the Punjab. Also check out The 2nd Khalifa’s speech on Oct-19-1934 vs. the Ahrar’s. These reports prove that the Ahmadiyya Movement was upset with the Governor of the Punjab and all of his police since they were trying to be fair with Muslims. These documents prove that the Ahmadiyya Movement were the aggressors and they ran wild in the Punjab. These documents prove that the Mirza family was always in-concert with the British government. We have written many essay’s based on these reports. Check out are additional essays on the Ahmadiyya Movement vs. Ahrar. Also read about Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari and the Ahmadiyya Movement herein. He led a movement against Ahmadis and held a Ahrar Tableegh Conference at Qadian in 21–23 October 1934 (see the details in the below). In 1949 he founded Aalmi Majlis Tahaffuz Khatm-e-Nubuwwat and served as first Emir. Bukhari was a central figure in the Khatme Nabuwwat Movement of 1953, which demanded that government of Pakistan declare the Ahmadis as non-Muslims. He was given the death penalty (1952)(which was later redacted), for his breach of peace vs. Ahmadi’s. You can listen to a rare speech of his herein.

Beef with the Ahmadiyya movement?  

Ahmadiyya and its violent past, the early 1930’s

As the early 1930’s approached, the governor of the Punjab was Herbert William Emerson (see page 268). He had many issues with the Ahmadiyya movement and their modus operandi. In those days, it was impossible to publically criticize the Ahmadiyya Movement. The Majlis Ahrar, which was a political movement, they had lots of beef with Ahmadis in this same era and had resolved to conduct a conference in Qadian during the winter of 1934. Governor Emerson approved of the Ahrar conference in the vicinity of Qadian in 1934 and stunned the Ahmadi Khalifa. The governor assured the Ahmadi Khalifa that he would take care of the security of Qadian, however, the Ahmadi Khalifa still sent out letters to the various branches of Ahmadiyya in British India and asked for young men to be sent to Qadian to patrol the streets, since there was no police department. This seems to have angered the governor. He ordered that all visitors of Qadian (see the 6th paragraph from the bottom) be recorded and that every Friday Khutbah of the Khalifa to be recorded and sent to him for review (see page 270). This is a very strange reaction by the Governor of the Punjab, his motives are unknown. However, the Ahrar conference took place and Ataullah Shah Bukhari delivered its keynote speech. Ataullah Shah Bukhari was then promptly arrested for anti-government speech. It should be noted that Muhammad Zafrullah Khan was a close friend of Governor Emerson and even had taken his mother to meet with Governor Emerson’s wife in an attempt to secure support for the Ahmadiyya movement. Bukhari was sentenced to 6 months. He did fight his case on appeal, wherein Justice Khosla reviewed the judgement of the high court and commented as such:

“In order to enforce their argument and further their cause they called into play weapons weapons which would ordinarily be termed highly undesirable.  They not only intimidated the person who refused to come with their fold with boycott and ex-communication and occasionally threats of something worse, but they frequently fortified the process of proselytizing by actually carrying out these threats.  A volunteer corps was established at Qadian with the object, probably of giving sanction to these decrees”

“To propagate their ideas and to expand the number of their community, those people (the Mureeds of Mirza Mahmud Ahmad) started using such weapons and methods which are generally considered objectionable.  So that those persons who refused to tow their line, were subjected to (social and economic) boycott and expulsion (from the town or community), and at times, they were threatened by dire and ghastly consequences.”  (see PDF 593/623).
______________________________________________________________________________________________Tarikh e Ahmadiyya Vol-7 page 489 onward

Rabwah aur Qadian jo hum ne dekha, Mushahidat e Qadian page 46 onward

During his Khilafat, Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud Ahmad Khalifa-II of Jamaat e Ahmadiyya has established a reign of terror in Qadian. He has unleashed furious forces against his opponents in Qadian. Two prominent opponents of Mirza Mahmoud namely Fakhruddin Multani and Mistry Muhammad Hussain, were killed at the hand of his followers during the period.

One of his dissidents, originally an ahmadi who left ahmadiyya later on, was Molvi Abdul Karim Mubahila. After he came to know of the secret life of Khalifa, he put Mubahila challenge before khalifa Mahmoud many times but Khalifa avoided to accept this as he knew his real status against Abdul Karim Mubahila.

Abdul Karim Mubahila requested Majlis Ahrar e Islam to open office in Qadian so that they could resist their heretic activities and creat awareness among simple Muslims. Ahrar opened their office in Qadian and subsequently, announced Tabligh Conference to be held from 21 to 23 October 1934.

Khalifa Mahmoud got very anxious to know of Ahrar Tabligh Conference in Qadian. He used every efforts that this Tabligh Conference may not be held but he failed as the British Government has issued permission for this conference. Since Mirza Mahmoud wanted to stop this conference by hook or by crook so he wrote a letter to his Jamaat officials in Gurdaspur, Batala, Ludhiana and other towns to send 3000 men to stop this conference by force.

A CID Police officer visited Qadian and showed Khalifa his circular to the officials of Jamaat of Gurdaspur, Ferozpur and Batala for sending three thousand men force to Qadian to counter Ahrar,s activities. The Police Officer warned Mirza Mahmoud not to summon such persons from out of Qadian as the government has already ensured the security of Qadiani leaders and Jamaat and ordered to deploy sufficient police men for maintenance of Law and order.

Mirza Mahmoud promised the CID Officer for compliance of the government instructions. However, another circular was sent to Jamaat officials of Gurdaspur by Nazir Amoor Amma to send men to Qadian for fighting Ahrar during their Tabligh conference.

The new circular was also intercepted by ever alert Punjab Police and on 17.10.1934, Mr. Garbett, the Chief Secretary to Punjab Government Issued a notice under section 3(I) (d) of the Punjab Criminal Amendment Act, 1932, to Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud Ahmad Khalifa II of Jamaat Ahmadiyya warning him to abstain from such an activity of summoning people from outside of Qadian during Ahrar,s conference which is prejudicial to public peace and safety.
Coward Khalifa then apologised saying the second circular was issued by mistake.


The ROR of Nov-1934 has reproduced the Friday Sermon of the 2nd Khalifa on Oct-19-1934. This was just a few days before the famous “Ahrar Tableegh Conference”, just outside Qadian on 21–23 of October 1934. In December of 1934, Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari was given 6 months of prison for disturbing the peace. However, he won on appeal in the summer of 1935 (the Khosla judgement) and never spent a single day in prison.

Nevertheless, back to the Friday Sermon of Oct-19-1934, in this sermon, the 2nd Khalifa ordered all the Ahmadi Murrabi’s to come to his house (Dar ul Anwar) after the Friday service. They were going to be sent out to gain influence in terms of the forthcoming assembly elections. They would be sent to Sarghoda, Jhang and Mianwali districts.

The 2nd Khalifa then announced that the Punjab government had placed certain restrictions on the Ahmadi’s at Qadian (which the 2nd Khalifa disagreed with, however, was outwardly cooperating). The Punjab government didn’t want any Ahmadi’s hold a stick in their hand, up to the 27th of October. The 2nd Khalifa complains that he came to Masjid Aqsa without a stick today and he expects Ahmadi’s to do the same, even though this was against his family traditions. He goes to claim that he has 2 announcements, the first one is that NO Ahmadi should do any violence vs. Muslims, in fact, the Khalifa says that even if an Ahmadi is about to get killed, an ahmadi shouldn’t stop walking, just take photo’s. The 2nd announcement is delayed by the Khalifa until after the “Ahrar Tableegh Conference”.

The Khalifa goes on to claim that the Government (the punjab government) has insulted the Ahmadiyya Community by allowing the “Ahrar Tableegh Conference”. The 2nd Khalifa argues that the Ahmadiyya Community is the most loyal community in the entire British Colonial Empire. The 2nd Khalifa argues that the Ahmadiyya Community has spent 100,000’s of rupees on loyalty to the government and supporting the government and has never even asked for copper in return.

The 2nd Khalifa mentions the Ahrar’s at the 1936 Jalsa at Qadian (See ROR of Jan-1937). The 2nd Khalifa then discussed Tehreek-e-Jadid and claimed that without the vituperation of the Ahrar, Tehreek-e-Jadid would have never been launched, and thus it was a bi-product and had brought in lots of money (allegedly). The 2nd Khalifa then reviewed the work of some of the businesses at Qadian that the jamaat owned like, carpentry, ironsmithy, bookmaking and sales department, and reported that they are all successful. The 2nd Khalifa explained how these local industries were working under Tehreek-e-Jadid. The 2nd Khalifa urged young Ahmadi men to go out in the world and spread Ahmadiyya, via working blue collar jobs or whatever. The 2nd Khalifa urged young Ahmadi men to live poor, to curtail their own costs and work forever!

The ROR of Feb-1941 mentions the Ahrar’s and their agitation of 1934.

The ROR of March-1941 mentions the Ahrar and their agitation of 1934.

The ROR of April-1941 mentions the Ahrar’s and their connections with Ghandi and his congress, are they members of not? In this essay, they call the Ahrar’s as “unwanted” followers of Ghandi. 

In 1942, in the village of Bhamari, which is a few miles from Qadian, 17 Ahmadi’s were arrested, including missionaries

The Ahrar were mentioned in the ROR of July-1942.

Links and Related Essay’s

Ahmadiyya and its violent past, the early 1930’s

Click to access ahrar-ahmadiyya-despute-at-qadian.pdf

In 1942, in the village of Bhamari, which is a few miles from Qadian, 17 Ahmadi’s were arrested, including missionaries

(See page 103/356, and many others, this is a document from the British library)


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