Lots of this research was taken verbatim from Maria-Magdalena Pruss and her entries on the famous Lahori-Ahmadi blog. She has a PHD in religion from Princeton.

His father (Khalifa Hameed-ud-Din) famously was a founder of the Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam (founded in 1884, Noorudin was also a member, as well as Allama Iqbal)(in a mosque known as Masjid Bakan inside Mochi Gate, Lahore, by Khalifa Hameed-ud-Din). In 1890, the Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam also published “Ibtal uluhiyyat-i Masih” by Nur ud-Din, with the permission of the author and for the “benefit of the people of Islam”, as it says on the title page. It also publicly endorsed other Ahmadi writings in its monthly Risalah. In the 1890s, as you know, Khwaja Kamal ad-Din and Muhammad Ali taught at Islamia College. Islamia College was established by this very Anjuman. There must have been a lot of interaction between the Ahmadiyya Anjuman in Lahore and the Himayat-i Islam, because since 1914, Islamia College and the Ahmadiyya Buildings were on the same street (Brandereth Road). Also, how does one explain the role of Muhammad Iqbal? He still had a positive attitude towards members of the Lahore group, such as Khwaja Kamal ad-Din in 1911 and even after that. Why did he change his position later on and attack the community?

Dr. Khalifa Rasheeduddin was a rich follower of MGA, he was a MBBS physician, he died in 1926. He was a resident of Lahore and remained posted as a Medical Professor at the Lahore Medical College and at various places of India. He was a close friend of Dr. Abdul Hakeem Khan Patialvi, who famously left Ahmadiyya in 1906. MGA and Khalifa Rasheed ud Din had lots of correspondence via letters. In Maktubat Vol.4, which covers the period from 1892 to 1905, these letters are published. Almost all the letters that Mirza wrote to him contained MGA’s request for money, medicines and other items. MGA also sent peoples to him for help as mentioned by him in letters. MGA asked for the hand of daughter of Dr. Khalifa Rashiduddin in Nikah for his son Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud before the girl had reached adult age. His daughter was married to Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad and had 9+ children. Incidentally, his other daughter was married to a non-Ahmadi Muslim in Qadian (the nikkah was held in Qadian) and on the same day (in 1902). The girl in question was the sister-in-law of Mian Mahmud Ahmad (the Founder’s own son), and she was married among the relatives of the mother of the girl. These were not Ahmadis, but rather opponents of the Movement. He gave permission to this marriage towards the end of his life, and after his death, the marriage sermon was delivered by the late Maulana Nur al-Din. Mian Mahmud Ahmad himself was present at the ceremony. Later on, in Lahore, he was also present at the departure of the bride. If at that time he had thought that all other Muslims were unbelievers, it was his duty to save the sister of his wife from falling in to the hands of kafirs.

Nevertheless, his other daughters’ children seem to have been eventually married into Ahmadi’s. One of her daughters was married off to Bashir Ahmad Orchard, the first English-Ahmadi-imam. They had 5 children, 3 boys and 2 girls. We are not sure about her other children and where they went.

MGA also seems to have ordered coco-wine from Dr. Khalifa Rasheed ud Din.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________He had 2 wives

He seems to have had 2 wives. His first wife’s daughter was married with the famous son of MGA as already mentioned. He seems to have had 8 children in total. The name of his second and much younger wife is not given. He had 8 children in total.
His father


He is mentioned as part of the first 313 Ahmadi’s list.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1900–1901 era

MGA writes a letter, see Maktubat e Ahmad vol-4 page No. 234, letter #90

My dear brother Dr. Khalifa Rashiduddin,

Assalamo alaikum wrwb

Currently at home, the Mother of Mahmoud (NJ) desires (in her heart) that Mahmoud’s Nikah may be held now and the girl be sent to Qadian for few days stay with us. Then she may return home and be sent back after she gets adult. In this way bilateral relationship, love and affection would further increase. As far I considered the issue, I do not see anything wrong with this proposal as this would give both parties the happiness of relieving of obligation of Nikah.

Many elites in Delhi marry their children before they reach the adult age and then celebrate their traditions after the children get adult. Therefore, if agreed, we may be inform of a date when Mahmoud to reach to you for nikah and we may arrange cloths and jewelry for the girl.

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

His daughter is married to the son of MGA, Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad, she is barely 10 years old.

He is made a member of the Sadr Anjuman.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1908—When MGA died

He wrote an article on 24 May 1908, two days before the death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, which was published in the Ahmadiyya newspaper Badr shortly after Hazrat Mirza’s death in its issue dated 11 June 1908 on the front page and page 2. Go here to view scanned images of the entire article from Badr.

Dr. Khalifa Rashid-ud-din (assistant surgeon) is mentioned int he ROR of March-1909 as he gave a lecture on “The Propagation of Islam in English Speaking Countries”. This was a speech that he allegedly gave at a meeting of the Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya, which had to have happened in December of 1908

Maulvi Noorudin, in his capacity as Khalifa made Dr. Rasheed ud Din as the head manager of the new Nur Hospital in Qadian.

The ROR of Oct-1912 has an essay by Khalifa Rashid-Ud-Din, the essay is entited, “Sir Philip Sidney and The Doctrine of Atonement”. 

He wrote a short 2-page essay in the September edition of the ROR wherein he argued Pro-Polygamy.

When the Ahmadiyya Khalifa (Noorudin) was about to die in 1914

He was an attending Doctor to the Khalifa in this time frame (See Truth About the Split, 1922, online english edition). It so happened that looking in the issues of the Urdu edition of the Review of Religions, I found that every issue contains at the end accounts of the income and expenditure of the Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya for the previous month. Looking at some issues prior to the Split, I noticed that the accounts are signed off by the muhasib (accountant or auditor) whose name is given as Khalifa Rashid-udDin. This gentleman was father-in-law of Mirza Mahmud Ahmad, and after the Split he was in the Qadiani Jamaat. So here we find a prominent Qadiani keeping an eye on the accounts of the Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya even long before the Split!

The April 1914 issue does not present the accounts for March 1914, but the May 1914 issue (under control of the Qadiani Jamaat) presents accounts for both March 1914 and April 1914. I have extracted pages 193-194 and 195-196 of that issue showing these accounts for March and April. See this link.

The monthly accounts carry several headings such as education, the poor, school, propagation of Islam, etc. Under these headings there is a figure for the total of funds carried forward from the previous month (sabiqa baqaya), and then, after income and expenditure, the remaining total for the current month (baqaya).

In the end of March accounts I have marked in red all the baqaya entries, which are eight in all. In the end of April accounts I have marked in red all the eight sabiqa baqaya entries, i.e. the totals carried forward from end of March accounts to end of April accounts.

As far as I can see, each of these totals as it was at the end of March 1914, when Maulana Muhammad Ali was in Qadian, is exactly the same as the corresponding “carried forward” total at the end of April, by which time Maulana Muhammad Ali had left Qadian and these funds were in the hands of the Qadiani Jamaat!

This, if I am right, is absolute and positive proof, coming from a Qadiani Jamaat publication, that all the funds of the Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya remained with the Qadiani Jamaat after Maulana Muhammad Ali left Qadian, and he took nothing.

He is made a member of the Anjuman Taraqi-e-Islam.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Noorudin died and he seems to have sided with the Qadiani’s

Per Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad, Khalifa Rasheed ud Din sided with the Qadiani’s, see “Truth About the Split”.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Before he died, he became inactive in the Qadiani-Jamaat

It is said, from Lahori-Ahmadi’s that I know, that he eventually left the Qadiani Jamaat and moved to Lahore and re-started his medical practice. He did not turn against QK2, as his daughter was married to him, but became inactive in Qadiani Jamaat. He did not join Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.

The 1920 Qadian Jalsa

He is at the 1920 Jalsa at Qadian, via the ROR of Jan-1921.

In the Nov-1921 edition of the ROR, he has an essay on “The Moon and its Cleavage”, he is listed as a retired civil asst. surgeon. 

He is mentioned as the general secretary of the Sadr Anjuman and how his work has slackened. They also mention how he left Qadian and started a medical practice in Lahore.

He died. Since he had almost quit Ahmadiyya, barely any mention of this exists.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays

Reply to allegation that Maulana Muhammad Ali brought Jamaat funds from Qadian to Lahore in 1914

Mirza Basheer-uddin Mahmud Ahmad had 20+ children with 7 wives

Hazrat Dr. Khalifa Rashid-ud-Din (ra), Seerat Ashab-e-Ahmad

What was the Anjuman Taraqi-e-Islam?


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