Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din is the famous Lahori-Ahmadi and was an intimate friend and personal lawyer for Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. In fact, in 1904, Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din prevented MGA from being jailed by presenting 500 rupees as bail money. This was unprecedented, the judge didn’t think MGA’s lawyer and team would have such a heavy amount, its really a fishy story. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din legally represented MGA many times and gave legal advice regularly to MGA and his team of workers at Qadian. His older brother was also a staunch Ahmadi, he had a similar name too, Khwaja Jamal ud Din. When the 2nd Khalifa was elected, Khwaja Kamal-uddin was in England and thus powerless. He returned to British India in December of 1914 and immediately published “The Causes of Internal Dissensions in the Ahmadiyya Movement, By Khwaja Kamaluddin, 1914″. He doesn’t seem to have had an extensive literary career, in fact, most of his books are his lectures which were converted into books after his death.
He was a traveler, in fact, after 1912, he seems to have traveled all throughout the British Empire giving speeches, from London to Bombay to Burma, South Africa, Egypt and Singapore.
Grandson of the poet and judge Khwaja Abdur Rasheed, eminent lawyer and Islamic scholar Khwaja Kamaluddin was born in Punjab in 1870.
In 1893, he graduated from Forman Christian College in Lahore where he was drawn to Christianity before becoming inspired by the writings of the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement. Kamaluddin worked as a lecturer and then as principal of Islamia College, Lahore, then graduated in law in 1898 and started a legal practice in Peshawar. He wrote extensively on Islam, and delivered lectures across the Indian subcontinent, also raising funds for Aligarh University.
He was also present during the written debate with Abdullah Athim (See Dard).
He is listed in the famous list of the first 313 Ahmadi’s (See Dard), he is Ahmadi #64, his wife is also listed alongside him.
Per Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad, Khawaja Kamaluddin was in opposition to the famous speech entitled, “Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam” (See Truth about the Split).
He represented MGA in court during MGA’s famous court case with Syed Muhammad Hussain Batalvi (See Dard).
Khwaja Kamal-uddin and Muhammad Ali defended MGA in the famous case of the Wall (See Dard).
In 1904, Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din prevented MGA from being jailed by presenting 500 rupees as bail money. This was unprecedented, the judge didn’t think MGA’s lawyer and team would have such a heavy amount, its really a fishy story. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din legally represented MGA many times and gave legal advice regularly to MGA and his team of workers at Qadian.
He is super high ranking Ahmadi. He is in the top 14, in fact, he is made the legal advisor for the Sadr Anjuman.
With the publication of Al-Wasiyyat and its Appendix, MGA laid down the foundation of this Anjuman and named it Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya Qadian, and proposed establishing its branches in other places where the community existed. He appointed fourteen members as trustees of this Anjuman, with Maulana Nur-ud-Din as President and Maulana Muhammad Ali as Secretary. The following are the names of the fourteen members:
- Maulana Nur-ud-Din — President
2. Maulana Muhammad Ali — Secretary
3. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din — Legal Advisor
4. Maulana Syed Muhammad Ahsan of Amroha
5. Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad
6. Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan of Malir Kotla
7. Seth Abdur Rahman of Madras
8. Maulana Ghulam Hasan Khan of Peshawar
9. Mir Hamid Shah of Sailkot
10. Shaikh Rahmatullah of Lahore
11. Dr. Mirza Yaqub Baig of Lahore
12. Dr. Syed Muhammad Husain Shah of Lahore
13. Dr. Khalifa Rashid-ud-Din
14. Dr. Mir Muhammad Ismail
On 4-28-1908, MGA arrived in Lahore at chose to stay at the house of Kwaja Kamaluddin, a few weeks later, he shifted to a different house. MGA died on 5-26-1908, Khwaja Kamaluddin never uttered a word about it.
He famously read out MGA’s will and announced the Khilafat of Noorudin.
–He opposes total control of the Khalifa officially.
–After that, he is ordered by Noorudin to give a speech which seems to have been written by Noorudin at some conference outside of Qadian (See Mujahid-e-Kabir). He continues and goes around India debating Ahmadiyya with anyone who is willing to listen.
He writes the famous essay in opposition to Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad on Takfir.
“My beliefs about non-Ahmadi Muslims”, dated 18 August 1911 by Khwaja Kamal-uddin.
He arrived in England on September 24th, 1912. He stayed for roughly 2 years and thus left for India in November of 1914. He must have arrived in British-India by late December.
Kamaluddin travelled to Britain in 1912 to pursue a legal case on behalf of a client. He settled in Kingston and gave his first British public talk on Islam at Speaker’s Corner, Hyde Park. Soon afterwards, he took control of the Shah Jahan Mosque in Woking with the support of Syed Ameer Ali, Sir Abbas Ali Beg and Sir Thomas Arnold. He established the Woking Muslim Mission and Literary Trust there, as well as the journal The Islamic Review (1913-67) through which he and other contributors sought to counter misconceptions about Islam among the British. During his time in Britain, he delivered several lectures, including at Cambridge University and the Lyceum Club, on topics such as the comparative merits of Islam and Christianity and the position of women in Islam. He also oversaw several conversions at the Shah Jahan Mosque.
He runs the Woking Mosque. He met Lord Headley and seems to have gotten him to convert to Ahmadiyya (Lahori-version). Many english newspapers reported that Lord Headley was drunk and disorderly in 1916. Maulvi Noorudin also defends Khwaja Kamaluddin to the family of MGA.
++March–the Khalifa dies and MGA’s son is the new Khalifa.
++November–he leaves for British India
++December—he arrived in British India and publishes his famous book, “”The Causes of Internal Dissensions in the Ahmadiyya Movement””, By Khwaja Kamaluddin, 1914.
He visits Mecca and performs Hajj (See the Islamic Review of 1949).
He writes a book about the controversy surrounding Muhammad Ali’s english translation and commentary of the Quran, which was eventually published in 1917. Nevertheless, the Qadiani-jamaat wanted to sue Muhammad Ali for publishing material that he wrote while he was an employee of the Sadr-Anjuman. The controversy exists in a book by Khawaja Kamal-uddin entitled, “Ahmadiyya Jamaat Mein Moqudamaat”, in english as, “The Cases in the Ahmadiyya Jamaat”.
It is unclear when he returned to England, however, on 11-15-1916 he gave a speech in London.
In February, Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din went to Bombay and Madras in the company of Maulvi Muhammad Ali on a preaching and fund raising tour. In the middle of February they went first to Bombay and after a few days’ stay there, during which they delivered speeches, they reached Madras where the Muslim public gave them a grand welcome. They stayed at the house of Seth Malang Ahmad Badshah. No sooner had they arrived in Madras that Maulana Muhammad Ali was taken ill and could not make any public speeches. However, the Khwaja sahib delivered many speeches. During this tour of Bombay and Madras they addressed the Muslim public and emphasised upon them the importance and need of the propagation of Islam and appealed for donations for the Anjuman. During this tour not only were reasonable funds raised for the Anjuman and the Woking Mission but many supporters were also gained who appreciated the work done by this Movement (See Mujahid e Kabir).
On 10-23-1920, Khwaja Kamaluddin was in the Dutch colony of Indonesia and arrived in Surabaya (see “Conversion to Ahmadiyya in Indonesia: Winning Hearts through Ethical and Spiritual Appeals” by Ahmad Najib Burhani, 2014).
By 2-1-1921, he was in Singapore giving speeches.
He visits Mecca and performs Hajj for the second time (See the Islamic Review of 1949). He is in Egypt on 6-25-1923, giving speeches.
He is back in India and gave speeches in Bombay on 10-10-1924.
The late Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din to come and speak in the Cape Town Civic Hall when he and Lord Headley visited South Africa at the invitation of some businessmen from Durban, Natal. They had much respect and praises for him and frequently published his articles and that of M.M. Ali in their local newspaper, the Azaan.
I have compiled some information about the visit by Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din and Lord Headley to Cape Town, Johannesburg and Durban. It is at this link.
I noticed that a newspaper in Cape Town, the Argus, reporting on a speech by Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, wrote as follows:
This is an image from The Islamic Review, May 1926 (p. 166), where news items from South African newspapers about their visit are quoted.
It says that Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din “had the figure of a prophet, the face of an archangel…”. I thought I would post this before our critics discover it themselves and accuse us of believing in Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din as a prophet and an angel!
By December he was back in London and giving speeches.
He started the “British Muslim Society”, he was on the executive council.
He died on December 28, 1932 in Lahore, British-India (see the Islamic review of 1949).
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