Mirza Gul Muhammad was the final ruling Chief of Qadian from the Mirza family, he was the great-grandfather of MGA. He died of excessive hiccups (See Mujadid e Azam) in roughly 1800 (See family tree in Punjab Chiefs, 1909), just a few years before the Ramghari Misl finally took Qadian, his entire family were all exiled to Begowal, including a very young Mirza Ghulam Murtaza, which was in the neighboring Ahluwalia Misl., which was right over the Beas river. When Ata Muhammad died, in roughly 1814, Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his extended family were allowed to move back to Qadian (see Griffin, Punjab Chiefs). Ranjit Singh then gave 5 villages (+Qadian) back to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers. Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers joined the Sikh military, wherein they served until 1849-ish.
His story from the ROR (and Dard in 1947) of 1939
Mirza Gul Muhammad was a very able man and he became an independent Chief of Qadian. His army, consisting of infantry and cavalry, numbered 1,000. He had three guns. He ruled over 85 villages. He was a very righteous and generous chief. Hundreds of people ate at his table. He patronised learning and paid stipends to about 500 persons. He was a holy man and loved the company of the righteous. Attracted by his righteousness and the encouragement he gave to learning, he was surrounded by about 400 men given to the pursuit of knowledge and virtue.
His purity and piety, his courage and determination, his sympathy and generosity are still well-known in the neighbourhood. He was wise, sagacious and firm. It is said that he sometimes fought single-handed against 1000, and routed them all. He was a brave soldier during the day, and a pious devotee at night. In those days Qadian, because of its religious atmosphere, was often spoken of as ‘Makkah’.
It is said that Ghiyasud Daula, a Minister of the Imperial Government, once visited Qadian; and, seeing the dignity of Mirza Gul Muhammad and his little court, he was deeply impressed and remarked with regret, and with tears in his eyes, that if he had known that such a great and noble member of the Mughliyya dynasty was living in this jungle he would have tried to save the Muslim Empire by putting him on the throne at Delhi. This would have been by no means impossible in those days. In the beginning Ranjit Singh owned only 9 villages, but in a very short time he actually became the ruler of the whole of the Punjab. The Muslims, however, were passing through evil times, and their empire could not be saved.
During the last illness of Mirza Gul Muhammad, a physician prescribed brandy as a medicine, but he resolutely refused it and preferred to die rather than find himself placed in a situation when he might appear to violate the Qur’anic injunction against alcohol. He died of hiccups in about 1800 A.D (See RoR of 1939).
The Ramgharia Sikhs totally took over Qadian. Mirza Gul Muhammad seems to have died of excessive hiccups (See Mujadid e Azam) in roughly 1800. Just a few years earlier. There were many cousins and uncles of Gul Muhammad in Qadian. We have found a few names floating around in different books, nothing substantial. Nevertheless, the entire Mirza family is exiled from Qadian.
Qadian is controlled by Diwan Singh, who was a nephew of Jassa Singh Ramgarhia. Jassa died in 1802, and his son Jodh succeeded him. Jodh Singh Ramgharia is the real ruler. He allows his cousin-brother, Diwan Singh to rule Qadian.
When Ata Muhammad died, in roughly 1814, Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his extended family were allowed to move back to Qadian (see Griffin, Punjab Chiefs). Ranjit Singh then gave 5 villages (+Qadian) back to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers. Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers joined the Sikh military, wherein they served until 1849-ish.
It seems that Mirza Ghulam Murtaza and his brothers were ruling Qadian in this era.
MGA is born.
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