Intro
Officially called Hazrat Maulvi Abdur Rahim Nayyar (1883-September 17, 1948, born close to Kapurthala, close to Phagwara, in a small village). Per Ahmadiyya sources, he became an Ahmadi in 1901, they also claim that he began learning about Ahmadiyya in 1897. He was married twice (2 wives).

He seems to have been sent to West Africa as the first Ahmadi missionary in 1921. He stopped in Sierra Leone, Ghana and Nigeria. In Nigeria, he seems to have immediately taken over a mosque with 10,000 followers, this is a fishy story. His first speech in Nigeria was at the Shitta-Bey Mosque, he preached extreme loyalty to the British government.

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1905

He moved to Qadian permanently (roughly at the 8 min mark).
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1909

He is discussed in Aenas Sadaqat (1921), he is mentioned as overhearing Muhammad Ali and Khwaja Kamaluddin as they opposed the Khilafat (see page 246, online english edition).
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1919

Abdul Rahim Nayyar was initially sent by the caliph Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad to London in 1919 where he worked, briefly, with Fateh Muhammad Sial. He was instructed by the caliph to leave for the Gold Coast, however, when a nascent group of Sunni Muslims and ex-Christians among the Fante people in the southern region of the colony, no longer interested in remaining under the spiritual supervision of Hausa Muslim clerics from the north, made contact with the caliph in Qadian, India, through the Review of Religions and requested assistance. However, this seems like a dubious story.

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1921
Nayyar sailed from London to Freetown, in Sierra Leone. While in Freetown Nayyar delivered a lecture at a mosque in Fourah Bay, in the east end of the city at the request of the city’s chief Imam.[6] Although at least six people are said to have conveyed their adherence to the Ahmadiyya movement in Sierra Leone as early as 1916 after being influenced by the circulation of Ahmadiyya literature from neighbouring West African nations, no conversions were recorded following Nayyar’s visit.[6]

After the brief Hiatus in Freetown, Nayyar continued towards Saltpond in the Gold Coast where he arrived in March 1921.[3][4] Following a lecture, the Fante community “believed there and then”, following which an oath of allegiance was held.[2] In the history of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Mahdi Appah, the leader of this group, is regarded as the first Ghanaian to become an Ahmadi Muslim.[7] Despite resistance from northern clerics, the Fante Muslims converted en masse, giving immediate rise to the Ahmadiyya movement in the region.[3][4] Nayyar also toured Accra and Kumase.[5] Having established the movement in the Gold Coast, Nayyar left within a month for Lagos, in Nigeria, before returning again in fall of 1921.[8] While in Nigeria, Nayyar made very early connections with other Muslim groups from which many also joined the Ahmadiyya movement including the Imam of a Quranist group.[9] Nayyar left the colony once again in 1922 and was replaced by Al Hajj Fadl-ul-Rahman Hakim, as the first permanent missionary to the Gold Coast.[8][10]

Per Ahmadiyya sources, Maulvi Abdur Rahim Nayyar arrived in Lagos, Nigeria and immediately went to the central mosque and took it over. Along with the mosque came 10,000 Muslims who were unaware of who and what Ahmadiyya was (see Devotion of Life, page 485).

One of the many people present in the mosque said that Alfa Ayanamo, a former Imam of the mosque, before he passed away, narrated to them a dream in which he saw Hadrat Imam Mahdi (as) who told him that he himself would not be able to visit this country, however, one of his disciples would come here and guide the Muslims. The next day after this incident, two representatives of the mosque visited him and gave him the message that all of the members of their community would like to enter the fold of Ahmadiyyat. He sent a message and asked the Chief Imam and forty representatives of the community to come to him to take an oath of allegiance as representatives of the whole community. Thus, in this way, the whole community belonging to their sect numbering ten thousand entered the fold of Ahmadiyyat by taking an oath of allegiance simultaneously (see Devotion of Life, page 485-486).

He delivered his first lecture at the non Ahmadi Shitta Bey mosque and was active in bringing in new members to the movement. Nayyar did not make inroads within the other factions with the exception of the Quranic group, primarily based in Okepopo and Aroloya.[6] After an agreement to merge with Ahmadiyya, Imam Dabiri of the Quranic group was selected as Chief Imam. Dabiri was succeeded in the 1930s by Imam Ajose.

The Fante Muslims were initially informed of the presence of the Indian-origin Ahmadiyya movement in Nigeria by a resident of Saltpond who himself was originally from Nigeria.[2] Nayyar sailed from London to Freetown, in Sierra Leone. While in Freetown Nayyar delivered a lecture at a mosque in Fourah Bay, in the east end of the city at the request of the city’s chief Imam.[6] Although at least six people are said to have conveyed their adherence to the Ahmadiyya movement in Sierra Leone as early as 1916 after being influenced by the circulation of Ahmadiyya literature from neighbouring West African nations, no conversions were recorded following Nayyar’s visit.[6]

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1922

He returned to London and worked there for a few more years. 
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1924

He was working as Missionary-in-Charge at the London mosque. He even received the Khalifa as he came to deliver his speech (which he didn’t deliver anyways). In November, he returned to Qadian with the Khalifa in 1924.
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1924–1947

He lived in Qadian and worked for the Khalifa (aka the Mirza family). He was in-charge of the Hyderabad, India area, he did tabligh and other work.
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1947

In late August of 1947, he moved to Lahore with the Khalifa.
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1948

He died on September 17, 1948, in Pakistan.

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Links and Related Essay’s

100 Years Ago… – New converts in the UK and the Ahmadiyya mosque in London

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Rahim_Nayyar

https://rlp.hds.harvard.edu/faq/ahmadiyya-movement-nigeria

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2018/09/24/ahmadiyya-a-study-in-contemporary-islam-on-the-west-african-coast-by-humphrey-j-fisher-1963/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/?s=Balogan

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/05/22/ahmadiyya-in-gambia/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/02/19/dr-balogan-the-famous-african-ahmadi-who-left-ahmadiyya-in-1974/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/09/01/who-is-farimang-mamadi-singhateh-the-governor-general-of-the-gambia-and-an-ahmadi/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2017/09/01/who-is-humphrey-j-fisher-the-writer-who-wrote-extensively-about-ahmadiyya-in-africa/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2020/10/22/abdur-rahim-nayyars-first-speech-in-british-west-africa-was-at-the-famous-shitta-bey-mosque/
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