17 August 1903: The Promised Messiahas embarked on his journey towards Gurdaspur, after saying Zuhr and Asr prayers in congregation. The purpose behind this was to attend the hearing of a lawsuit filed by Karam Din. Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra was also part of the entourage. Hazrat Ahmadas made a night-stay in Batala in an inn situated near the railway station. Dusk and night prayers were offered there in congregation.
20 August 1903: The Promised Messiahas arrived back in Qadian from Gurdaspur from the aforementioned journey.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad only lost one court case in his entire life. This was the case of 1903–1905. It was in terms of defamation. In 1899, MGA was ordered to never call anyone Kazzab or Kafir ever again. Well, it seems that MGA was accused of exactly that in 1903 by Karam–ud-Din. Further, this was the first case wherein the judge was not a European, the judge was Hindu, and he even refused to give MGA a chair to sit on (see Mahmud Ahmad, “Hazrat Ahmad”, 1998 edition, online, see pages 46-51). In fact, in 1904, MGA was found guilty and was supposed to be taken into custody, however, his bail was paid and MGA was released. MGA’s legal team then fought the case on appeal, wherein the case went before a European judge, who promptly vindicated MGA (see RoR, pages 39-40, Jan-1905 edition, online).
Muhammad Ali’s testimony
Interestingly enough, Muhammad Ali was called to the stand to testify about MGA and his book, Tiryaq ul Qulub, Muhammad Ali and MGA said on oath that MGA’s beliefs hadnt changed since the writing of TQ. Which was an obvious lie, since we all know he claimed prophethood in 1901….and thus his entire claim changed.
The reference from Haqiqatul way wherein MGA mentions this case
“Sign no. 118. I was staying in Gurdaspur in connection with a criminal case (brought against me by Karam Din of Jhelum). I received a revelation: “You will be questioned about your rank and dignity. Say. Allah has bestowed this rank on me; and leave them in their sport”. I related this revelation to my companions who were not less than forty in number including Maulvi Muhammad Ali and Khwaja Kamalu-ud-Din. Later, we went into the court where the counsel for the complainant asked the same question. “is your rank and dignity the same as has been written in Tiryaq-ul-Qulub? I replied: “Yes; it is so by the grace of Allah”. (Haqiqat al-Wahy, pp. 265-266). (also see Muhammad Ali, “Heresy in Islam”, online 1995 english edition).
Lecture Ludhiana also mentions the Karam Din Case
See pages 31-32
SOME INTERESTING REFERENCES
In my dream I said to Maulvi Muhammad Ali (Urdu): You were also righteous and meant well, come and sit down with us (Badr Vol. III, No. 29, Aug. 1, 1904, p. 4).
(a) Revelation (Arabic): We have softened for you, the iron (Persian): We do not approve of any other meaning (AlHakam, Vol. VIII, No. 17, May 24, 1904, p. 2).
“””(b) In the case brought against me by Karam Din at Gurdaspur, Karam Din insisted that the word laeen meant bastard and that the word kazzab meant one who always tells lies. The court of first instance accepted his contention. In those days I received the revelation (Persian): We do not approve of the other meaning; which I understood as indicating that the interpretation of the first court would not be upheld on appeal; and so it happened. The Divisional Judge rejected all the arguments advanced on behalf of Karam Din and held that laeen and kazzab were appropriate for Karam Din, who was deserving of even worse.”” (Haqeegat-ul-Wahi p. 380).
“”In Karam Din’s case against me Atma Ram, Magistrate, did not pay full attention to the merits and made up his mind to sentence me to imprisonment. Thereupon God conveyed to me that
Atma Ram would be afflicted with the deaths of his children. I communicated this vision to the members of my Movement and it so happened that within 20 or 25 days he lost two sons. In the end, though he had laid the foundation in his judgment of sentencing me to imprisonment, God held him back from that design, yet he imposed upon me a fine of 700 rupees. I was then honorably acquitted on appeal by the Divisional Judge. But Karam Din’s conviction and sentence were maintained. My fine was remitted but Atma Ram’s sons did not come back. According to the Divine prophecy which had been published already in my book Mawahibur Rahman, I was acquitted, my fine was refunded, Atma Ram’s order was set aside and the Appellate Court rebuked him for an improper order, but Karam Din was convicted and punished and the judgment of the court confirmed his being a liar”” (Haqeeqatul-Wahi pp. 121-122).
Zafrullah Khan’s comments
This is from Zafrullah Khan’s book about his mother
“””Some time thereafter he(HIS FATHER) was summoned to appear as a defence witness in the court of a Magistrate at Gudaspur in a criminal case in which Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyyah Movement, was being tried for defamation of one Maulvi
Karam Deen, one of his bitter and virulent opponents. This afforded him an opportunity of meeting the illustrious personage and he was much impressed with his gracious personality and his very high spirituality. He was now studying the Movement earnestly, had become a regular subscriber to the weekly Al-Hakam and started attending the daily lesson of the Holy Quran given by Maulvi Abdul Karim, an eminent disciple and devoted companion of the Promised Messiah. He had at no time been opposed to the Movement, but he possessed a deliberate temperament and made up his mind after careful and deep reflection.””
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