MGA lost one court case against him in his career. It is the case of MGA vs. Karam ud Din. In January 1903, on behalf of Moulvi Karam Deen of Bheen District Jhelum, and Moulvi Faqeer Mohammad, Editor of Sirajul Akhbaar Jhelum, Hadhrat Sheikh Yaqoob Ali Editor of Al Hakam and Hadhrat Hakeem Fazal-ud-Deen of Bhera who were being sued in connection with a booklet, ‘Saif Chishtian’ by Peer Mehar Ali who was custodian of the Golrah Shrine.
Syed Abdul Latif, who was executed in July of 1903 had also accompanied MGA to Jhelum in January of 1903, this seems to be MGA’s first court appearance.
17 August 1903:
The Promised Messiahas embarked on his journey towards Gurdaspur, after saying Zuhr and Asr prayers in congregation. The purpose behind this was to attend the hearing of a lawsuit filed by Karam Din. Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra was also part of the entourage. Hazrat Ahmadas made a night-stay in Batala in an inn situated near the railway station. Dusk and night prayers were offered there in congregation.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________20 August 1903: The Promised Messiahas arrived back in Qadian from Gurdaspur from the aforementioned journey.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad only lost one court case in his entire life. This was the case of 1903–1905. It was in terms of defamation. In 1899, MGA was ordered to never call anyone Kazzab or Kafir ever again. Well, it seems that MGA was accused of exactly that in 1903 by Karam–ud-Din. Further, this was the first case wherein the judge was not a European, the judge was Hindu, and he even refused to give MGA a chair to sit on (see Mahmud Ahmad, “Hazrat Ahmad”, 1998 edition, online, see pages 46-51). In fact, in 1904, MGA was found guilty and was supposed to be taken into custody, however, his bail was paid and MGA was released. MGA’s legal team then fought the case on appeal, wherein the case went before a European judge, who promptly vindicated MGA (see RoR, pages 39-40, Jan-1905 edition, online).
_____________________________________________________________________________________________The entire case was based on MGA’s disparaging comments in his book “Mawahibur-Rahman”
English Version would be “Bounty of God”, published in 1903
See the ROR of May 1906 for a full explanation of why this case was instituted
May 1906, English ROR
It covers this topic also.
June 1906, English ROR
Muhammad Ali explains how MGA’s book “Mawahibur-Rahman” was being distributed for free at the courtyard wherein the court case was being held back in 1903.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________The reference from Haqiqatul way wherein MGA mentions this case
(Haqiqat al-Wahy, pp. 265-266). (also see Muhammad Ali, “Heresy in Islam”, online 1995 english edition)
“Sign no. 118. I was staying in Gurdaspur in connection with a criminal case (brought against me by Karam Din of Jhelum). I received a revelation: “You will be questioned about your rank and dignity. Say. Allah has bestowed this rank on me; and leave them in their sport”. I related this revelation to my companions who were not less than forty in number including Maulvi Muhammad Ali and Khwaja Kamalu-ud-Din. Later, we went into the court where the counsel for the complainant asked the same question. “is your rank and dignity the same as has been written in Tiryaq-ul-Qulub? I replied: “Yes; it is so by the grace of Allah”.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Muhammad Ali’s testimony
Interestingly enough, Muhammad Ali was called to the stand to testify about MGA and his book, Tiryaq ul Qulub, Muhammad Ali and MGA said on oath that MGA’s beliefs hadnt changed since the writing of TQ. Which was an obvious lie, since we all know he claimed prophethood in 1901….and thus his entire claim changed.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Lecture Ludhiana also mentions the Karam Din Case
See pages 31-32
_____________________________________________________________________________________________SOME INTERESTING REFERENCES
In my dream I said to Maulvi Muhammad Ali (Urdu): You were also righteous and meant well, come and sit down with us (Badr Vol. III, No. 29, Aug. 1, 1904, p. 4).
(a) Revelation (Arabic): We have softened for you, the iron (Persian): We do not approve of any other meaning (AlHakam, Vol. VIII, No. 17, May 24, 1904, p. 2).
“””(b) In the case brought against me by Karam Din at Gurdaspur, Karam Din insisted that the word laeen meant bastard and that the word kazzab meant one who always tells lies. The court of first instance accepted his contention. In those days I received the revelation (Persian): We do not approve of the other meaning; which I understood as indicating that the interpretation of the first court would not be upheld on appeal; and so it happened. The Divisional Judge rejected all the arguments advanced on behalf of Karam Din and held that laeen and kazzab were appropriate for Karam Din, who was deserving of even worse.”” (Haqeegat-ul-Wahi p. 380).
“”In Karam Din’s case against me Atma Ram, Magistrate, did not pay full attention to the merits and made up his mind to sentence me to imprisonment. Thereupon God conveyed to me that
Atma Ram would be afflicted with the deaths of his children. I communicated this vision to the members of my Movement and it so happened that within 20 or 25 days he lost two sons. In the end, though he had laid the foundation in his judgment of sentencing me to imprisonment, God held him back from that design, yet he imposed upon me a fine of 700 rupees. I was then honorably acquitted on appeal by the Divisional Judge. But Karam Din’s conviction and sentence were maintained. My fine was remitted but Atma Ram’s sons did not come back. According to the Divine prophecy which had been published already in my book Mawahibur Rahman, I was acquitted, my fine was refunded, Atma Ram’s order was set aside and the Appellate Court rebuked him for an improper order, but Karam Din was convicted and punished and the judgment of the court confirmed his being a liar”” (Haqeeqatul-Wahi pp. 121-122).
Zafrullah Khan’s comments
This is from Zafrullah Khan’s book about his mother
“””Some time thereafter he(HIS FATHER) was summoned to appear as a defence witness in the court of a Magistrate at Gudaspur in a criminal case in which Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyyah Movement, was being tried for defamation of one Maulvi
Karam Deen, one of his bitter and virulent opponents. This afforded him an opportunity of meeting the illustrious personage and he was much impressed with his gracious personality and his very high spirituality. He was now studying the Movement earnestly, had become a regular subscriber to the weekly Al-Hakam and started attending the daily lesson of the Holy Quran given by Maulvi Abdul Karim, an eminent disciple and devoted companion of the Promised Messiah. He had at no time been opposed to the Movement, but he possessed a deliberate temperament and made up his mind after careful and deep reflection.””
Mirza Masroor Ahmad mentions how the sons of this hindu magistrate died
Friday Sermon, February 6th, 2015 (https://www.alislam.org/friday-sermon/2015-02-06.html)
The Khalifa give no references.
The story from Tarikh-i-Ahmadiyya
Tareekh Ahmadiat vol-3, pages 289 onward. Aftab e Golra by Haji Nawabdin
Abul Fazl Muhammad Karmuddin Dabir aka Molvi Karam Din was born in around 1854 at a village called Bhen Near Jehlum Punjab, British India. He was a contemporary Muslim Scholar and an adversary to Mirza Ghulam Qadiani. He got preliminary education at his native village and then got admission at renowned religious institutions at Lahore and Amritsar and completed his studies from there. He was a tall and sturdy man with immaculate knowledge of Quraan and hadth. He died in 1946.
Molana Karmuddin worked hard against Qadianism and established Weekly Magazine Sirajul Akhbar. It was published under his editorship. This magazine pursued a policy of active chase of Mirza Ghulam Qadiani and his heretic activities. Sirajul Akhbar published some high quality anti Qadiani articles based on irrefutable arguments in support of Khatme Nabuwwat. Finding no logical answer to the writings of Molana, Mirza Qadiani and his bunch of Mullahs knocked the door of their mentor, the British Colonial Empire. Qadianis started filing complaints against the irrefutable writings of Molana Karmuddin in the court of Law under British rule.
First court case against Molana Karmuddin was filed by Hakeem Fazal Bhervi, one of the courtier Mullah of Mirza Qadiani on 14 November, 1902 under Section 417 of Indian Criminal Procedure Code. This case was based on one of Molana,s writings, published in SIRAJUL Akhbar.
While the case was under hearing by the court, Mirza Ghulam Qadiani boasted that god has sent to him ilham that the case will be decided in his favour. However, the case was decided in favour of Molana Karmuddin and he was acquitted honourably by the court.
Second case was also filed by Hakeem Fazal Din Bhervi against Molana Karmuddin. It was filed in the court at Gurdaspur on 29 June 1903. This was also decided in favour of Molana Karmuddin. Qadiani party was badly humiliated and the case was dismissed.
Third case against Molana Karmuddin was filed by Qadiani Yaqub Ali Turab, Editor Akhbar Alhakam. The case was filed against Molana Karmuddin and his friend Molana Faqir Muhammad Jehelmi wherein a penalty of Rs. 54/- was imposed on both of the respondents. Since the amount of penalty was so meagre that they did not file appeal against it.
Book Mawahibur Rehman authored by Mirza Ghulam Qadiani was published in Jehlum on 17 January, 1903. In this Book Mirza has used extremely abusive language against Molana Karmuddin. Since earlier litigation was started by Qadiani party , so this time Molana Karmuddin filed a suit against Mirza Ghulam Qadiani and Hakeem Fazal din Bhervi.
While the court proceeding was under way, Mirza Qadiani boasted that his opponent have not filed the suit against him but they have filed the case against God. He said that these peoples would put every effort against him but he believes that God will prove the truth with powerful attacks. On 28th January 1903 at evening, Mirza said he received Ilham which says that “God is with his slave and would comfort your heart”. Another Ilham was received to him on 17th February, 1903 saying “Sunday and the victory of Hunain”, (Victory like the holy prophet pbuh got at Ghazwa hunain) On 18 August, 1903, Mirza announced that he received another ilham saying that “Allah is with those who are more pious and would give victory to them.”
This case turned out to be a war between truth and falsehood. Many scholars were summoned by the court to explain the derogatory words used by Mirza in his book, Mawahibur Rehman. For Mirzai side Mirza Ghulam Qadiani, Hakeem Fazal din Bervi and Khwaja Kamaluddin appeared in the court. Qadiani party spent money blindly on this case. Mirza Qadiani had to stand in the court for hours in humiliations.
On 13 March, 1904 British Civil Surgeon Gurdaspur Captain P. Se More came to Qadian and issued another Medical certificate to Mirza Ghulam certifying that he is sick and is unable to travel from Qadian to Gurdaspur for next six months. The Judge then ordered the Qadiani side to deposit surety bond to this effect which was duly submitted in the Court.
Khwaja Kamaluddin and Molana Muhammad Ali Lahori, the main lawyers for Mirza Qadiani, besides doing various manoeuvrings in the court, adopted a very interesting line of defence. They argued that Mirza Ghulam Qadiani is a true messenger, Messiah and Mehdi of the time. According Quraan and ahadiths the one who do not accept a prophet, is a liar. Since Molvi Karam Din denies his claim of prophethood and Mahdi Messiah so he is a liar and court may not entertain his case.
On 8 October, 1904 the Judge Lala Atmaram announced his Judgment whereby a penalty of Rs.500/- and Rs.200/- was imposed on Mirza Qadiani, the author and Hakeem Fazal din Bhervi, the publisher respectively. Both will spend six month term in Jail in case of non payment of penalties. However, Nawab Muhammad Ali Khan had sent Rs 900/- to Khwaja Kamauddin in anticipation of Court,s adverse decision. So Khawaja Kamaluddin saved Mirza from going to jail & being handcuffed by depositing the penalty in the court then and there.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and related Essays
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