Mubahila is not a method that Muslims should use when at differences with each other, in fact, Muslims shouldn’t resort to prayer duels at all. Muhammad (SAW) may have asked for a prayer duel with the Christians of Najran in the final year of his life (see 3:61 of the Quran). However, this incident was about the divinity of Esa (As) and how it was false. This was not an example of what to do when at odds with Muslims. There are no hadith that explain the purport of 3:61.

In 1891, he introduced the concept of Mubahila to any Muslim or Non-Muslim who wished to compete. However, this is not an islamic method of solving any type of dispute. MGA even went as far as claiming that Muhammad (saw) had a Mubahila with the famous Abu Jahl. Read about MGA’s rules on Mubahila in 1889-1890-1891. Read about MGA’s Mubahila with Abdul Haq herein too. By 1899, the British government forbade MGA from doing Mubahila’s in British-India. Nevertheless, he began doing them again in 1905-1907 vs. Sanauallah. Sanaullah mentioned this story in his famous book of 1923, “Tahrik-e-Mirza”. The whole affair finally ended with the humiliating death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani on the 26th of May 1908CE / 24th of Rabi-us-Sani 1326 AH, while Maulana Abdul Haqq Ghaznavi outlived Mirza by nine years and died on 23rrd of Rajab 1335 AH / the 16th of May 1917.
Summary written by a friend of mine

In May 1893, when Mirza Qadiani was engaged in debate with Athem at Amritsar, he was challenged by Molana Abdul Haq Ghaznavi for a Mubahila after the end of his debate with Athem. Mirza replied that he would do it during debate with Athem so Mirza reached the venue on 27 May, 1893 at Eidgah ground Amritsar along-with his 25 close Mullahs. Both parties prayed may Allah,s curse fall upon the liars and may he be humiliated publicly so that masses could see and differentiate between the liars and truthful.

On 5th September,1894 when Athem,s death prophesy failed, Mirza came under sever humiliation. Peoples from all around criticised and insulted him in a harsh manner.

Abdul Haq Ghaznavi published an Ishtihar titled as bad effects of Mubahila on Mirza. Addressing to Mirza Qadiyani he wrote in Ishtihar that you had said after mubahila that whoever is on wrong path would be humiliated and black faced now tell me who is on wrong path and being humiliated . He continued that in few cases predictions of hindu pandits and astronomists proved true but in your case prophesies end up in total failure bringing u the humiliation. The timeline for Athem has elapsed and Athem is well and healthier than before. The humiliation and insult you are suffering Is the result of mubahila between us.

After this Molvi Abdul Haq Ghaznavi asked muslims and Qadianis to state under oath as to who has been under humiliation today. He said that I used to be suffering from various diseases but this year I am 100% healthy and even a single pimple has not appeared on my body and the countless blessings of Allah have been bestowed upon me that i do not like to disclose it. Whereas Mirza is receiving curse from all the country. Mirza.s Mureeds Namely Ismail of Jandiala, Yusuf Khan Sarhadi and Muhammad Saeed cousin of Mirza,s wife have converted to Christianity after Mirza,s prophesy of Athems death failed. in this way Mirza has to suffer physical and moral insult and humiliation.

In extreme anger, Mirza Qadiani replied to the ishtihar addressing AHG as under:-
“O kazzab (Liar )you have seen all this before mubahila,
u have been drowned, u have been burnet, o u the
excrement of stupids tell us when did you come out of
water u were drowned in the waters of regrets like ill fated
man, how can u protect yourself from fire which was
alighted to burn the mischievous so burn there”.

After this Mubahila Mirza has to face countless sufferings and pain which include the sudden death of his 9 year old son Mubarak Ahmed whom Mirza has boasted to be Masleh e Mouud. Mirza himself died of cholera in 1908 at Lahore in the life of Abdul Haq Ghznavi while AHG remained alive quite peacefully and comfortably after 9 years.

(ANJAM E ATHEM, page 21, HUJJATULLAH, page72,HAQIQATUL WAHI,page 240, All by MGAQ)
(Raees e Qadiyan by Rafiq Dilaweri.628-630)

The scans

Via Maulvi Sanaullah and “Tahrik-e-Mirza”

In 1884, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed that the Quran 61:09, 48:28 and 9:32 was also revealed to him

Author: Mawlana Abdul Haqq Ghaznavi from Amritsar Punjab. Dated 8th of
Dhul-Qi’dah 1310 AH, June 1891

General information for Muslims
“By Maulvi Sufi Abdul Haqq Ghaznavi who is to engage in a Mubahala with Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani.

In the name of Allah, the Magnificent, the Merciful.
There is no doubt that I have been eager to do a Mubahala with Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani for days, and for around three years I have been challenging him to a Mubahala with me for his statements of disbelief that he has published in his books. However, since he was debating Christian priests, arguing in favour of Islam, I and many of my Muslim brothers considered it as inappropriate to engage in a Mubahala, discussions, or any other kind of engagement with Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani. We didn’t want him to be weakened or distracted against the priests, therefore, I submitted a letter given below, dated 7th Dhu-Qi’dah 1310 AH, that we accept the challenge of Mubahala, but wanted a change in the date.

This is the letter I (Maulana Abdul Haqq) wrote:
“Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani. Peace be upon those who follow the guidance. Due to your debate against the opponents of Islam on behalf of Islam and helping the Islamic faith, Muslims find it inappropriate to attack you, compete with you or even get engaged in a Mubahala. It seems inappropriate and far away from any expediency… And the intellect and reason don’t allow us to proceed with this matter, because in it is humiliation and disgrace to Islam and the people of Islam.

Therefore the said date is inappropriate. This date must be changed. I accept your challenge for a Mubahala.”

“In the magazine titled “Sachai ka Izhar” you write that soon a discussion is going to be held by the Ulama of Lahore on June 15th, 1893. So it is necessary that the Mubahala should take place after this discussion when you are acting as an opponent of Islam. Also, your lecture is not acceptable to us at this point, because when you show your justification, we will be refuting you, so this shall be neither a discussion, nor a Mubahala. This quarrel won’t come to an end, hence in the Mubahala both the parties will pray: “May Allah curse the liar.” Simply reply and answer this final request of mine.”

Dated: Mawlana Abdul Haqq Ghaznavi, 7th of Dhul Qi’dah 1310 AH.
The answer to my letter, which was sent by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, is referenced verbatim as follows:

“In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, from the humble servant of Allah,
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Mian Abdul Haq Ghaznavi should be made aware that as per his declaration, in which I have been declared a disbeliever and a liar, the date of the Mubahala has
been fixed and there were only two reasons for my visit to Amritsar. One being the debate with the Christians and the other being a Mubahala with you. After Istikhara for the above-mentioned two reasons I have arrived along with my supporters and many friends who were declared as apostates by you all and I have published various announcements. I have already invoked curses of Allah upon the transgressors. Now for those who want to take part in the Mubahala, I will be present at the Eidgah, which is the venue of Mubahala, as promised. May Allah Almighty destroy the liar and the disbeliever.

وَ لَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهۦِ عِلْمٌ إِۚنَّ ٱلسَّمْعَ وَٱلْبَصَرَ وَٱلْفُ ؤَادَ كُلُّ أُوْلَٰٓ ئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسُْٔو لًا

(And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the
sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned).

It should also be clear that I will not go to the debate of the 15th of June 1893, but on my behalf Hazrat Hakeem Maulvi Nooruddin or else Hazrat Maulvi Sayyed Mohammad Hasan will go. I do agree that I should not give any sermons at the Mubahala, instead, only supplication will be done that “I am a Muslim and follower of Allah’s Messenger. If I am a liar in this statement, then may Allah curse me.” And it will be a supplication from your side that this person is in fact a liar, an imposter, and a slanderer (false accuser). If I am a liar in this matter, may Allah the Almighty curse me.” If these words of my supplication do not suffice you, then whatever you ask me to supplicate, I will write it down in the way you describe, but now the date of the Mubahila will not be changed at all.”

لعنةاللهعلىٰ من تخلف منا وما حضر في ذٰلك التاريخ واليوم وَالوقت والسلام علىٰ عباده الّذين
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, Amritsar (7th of Dhul-Qi’dah 1310 AH)
I (Maulana Abdul Haqq Ghaznawi) responded back:

“To sum it up, I have been acquitted and there is no blame on me because I wanted to change the date of the Mubahala for a purpose which I described in my previous letter. Even though I and other Muslims think and consider Mirza as misguided, he fights on behalf of Islam, so we should all supplicate for his victory and assist him. However, Mirza did not change the date of Mubahala i.e. 10th Dhul-Qi’dah. Now, I consider it obligatory to be present at the place of the Mubahala on the appointed date (i.e 10th Dhul-Qidah,) in the afternoon at 2 o’clock. I consider my presence at the decided place to be obligatory and there will be no lecture, sermon or any sort of clarification from either side, as he has promised in the letter. At the place of Eidgah, the Mubahala will be done in this manner:

“I, (i.e. Abdul Haqq) thrice in a loud voice will say: ‘O Allah, I consider Mirza a deviant, misguider, heretic, liar, false accuser, Muharrif,32— I understand the words of Allah and the sayings of Rasool Allah. If I am a liar in this matter, so curse me as you have never cursed any disbeliever till today.” Mirza in a loud voice must say this thrice, “O Allah, if I am a deviant, misguider, disbeliever, apostate, liar, false accuser, and altered the book of Allah and the hadiths of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, then curse me as you have never cursed any disbeliever till today.” After facing the Qibla, supplicate humbly for a long time, saying, “O Allah,
disgrace the liar, and all the people present in the assembly will say: Ameen.”
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