MGA’s cousin, Mirza Imam Din was  also was a leader of a small religion in Qadian, it was the poorest rank of beggars, the sweeper community. These were traditionally Hindu’s of the lowest caste, who were stuck doing a job wherein cleaning excrement was daily. Nonetheless, Mirza Imam Din seems to have tried to raise these people out of their plight. Whatever his motivations were or weren’t, its inconclusive what his real intentions were. The sweepers were also mentioned in the ROR of Dec-1939. The sweepers of Qadian are mentioned in the ROR of Jan-1943 by Sayyid Zayn al ‘Abidin Waliullah Shah as he describes his first impression of Qadian, and he saw the sweepers first, this was in 1903.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________The Quote
Dard, Life of Ahmad, online edition, see page 172, footnote

Dard Tells us:

“””The Riyad-e-Hind, dated February 15th, 1886, Vol 1, No. 16, publishes the fact that Mirza Imam Din became an Arya for a short time. ‘As he could not be bothered with any fetters of religion,’ it continues, ‘he could not follow the Aryas, nor was fixed there any monthly allowance for him and he remained in penury as before, so he has devised a new plan,’ he has become the head of the sweepers of Qadian.”””
Lal Beg

Apparently, Lal Beg was the leader of the sweeper community at Qadian, after his death, Mirza Imam Din, who was a Muslim, somehow, became the leader. The sweepers were mostly Hindu, however, they seem to have had a mixture of Muslim, Hindu and Sikh beliefs.

So, who was Lal Beg?  He was a semi-mythical saint of the sweeper community (halalkhors)

So, who was Lal Beg? He was a semi-mythical saint of the sweeper community (halalkhors)

This saint was a mixed Hindu, Sikh and Muslim reverence and quite popular in the Punjab Legends of the Punjab

Dr. Bhagvan Das says (

Q: Who was Lal Beg?

A: Some say that Lal Beg was actually Lal Bhikku, who could have been a Buddhist saint. If you read the prayers of the sweeper community of northern India which are dedicated to Lal Beg you get a very interesting picture. These prayers are called Kursi Namas. They were collected together by Youngson and published in The Indian Antiquaries. They read like the first book of the Genesis in the Old Testament, tracing the lineage of our heroes. The Kursi Namas very clearly tell us that the sweepers are neither Hindus nor Muslims. There is no mention of any Hindu gods like Rama or Krishna in them. But, very interestingly, the Kursi Namas all begin with the Qur’anic invocation Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim (‘In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate’), which is the standard Islamic form with which every verse of the Qur’an but one begins. And, they all end with the cry, which again is very Islamic, of ‘Bolo Momino Vohi Ek Hai!’ [ Say, O believers, that He alone is the One True Being! ].

Now, at several places in the Kursi Namas, the names Lal Beg and Bala Shah are used interchangeably. Bala Shah was a leading Punjabi Sufi saint. The Punjabi Sufi Waris Shah writes in his Heer, which is really an encyclopedia of the Punjab of his times, that Bala Shah was the Pir or Sufi preceptor of two so-called low castes, the sweepers or Chuhras and the Pasis Bala Pir Ai Churiyan Pasiyan Da.

Q: Are the sweepers still aware of this tradition?

A: Unfortunately, very few are, and this tradition is fast disappearing. One reason is because Hindu organisations have been sparing no effort to absorb the sweepers into the Hindu fold so as to increase Hindu numbers. They were afraid that otherwise the sweepers would all convert to Christianity, a process that began in 1873 and continued right until 1931. So, they used all means to prevent the conversion of the sweepers. As part of this broader agenda, they started selling the story that the sweepers are actually Valmikis, descendants of Valmiki, the author of the Ramayana. In order to convince the sweepers of their claims, they argued that Bala Shah, the other name for Lal Beg, was actually just a corrupted form of the name Valmiki.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Churha Mela, aka “sweeper gathering”

A cousin of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and one of his childhood friends, Imam-ud-Din, became a mystic and was venerated by the Sweeper Community of Punjab as the re-incarnation of Lal Beg. Imam-ud-Din started an annual mela (festival) in Qadian where the Sweeper Community gathered and food was served. This was known as the Chuhra Mela (Festival of Sweepers).
This was the inspiration behind Jalsa Salana (annual convention) that was put in place by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and he would proclaim about how more people came to his convention compared to those that came to his cousin’s.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Nusrat Jehan tells a story about Imam din
pdf page 36 of 296

Narration no. 39

“My mother narrated to me that once I heard Mirza Imam Din (cousin of mgaq) loudly talking to someone saying that people are running their shops and making profits – he was referring to mgaq – we should also start some business. Mother used to say that he started the Chura Peeri”.
The Punjab census report confuses Imam ud Din with MGA

See page 83, February 1903 edition, see the January 1903 edition for extended notes on the census of 1901.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essay’s

Mirza Imam ud Din, the cousin of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835-1904)

Who is Maulvi Sayyid Zayn al’Abidin Waliullah Shah?

The sweepers of Qadian–1886


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