Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad was the Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya community from 1914 to 1965. He was forced to flee from Qadian via official Indian military escort in the early hours of September 11th, 1947 (this was most likely a bunch of Ahmadi-officers who gave this escort)(this is per the Lahori-Ahmadi’s). However, in Fazl-e-Omar (published in 2012, written by Mujeeb ur Rahman, a famous Ahmadi lawyer, he doesn’t give a reference), it is written that the Khalifa traveled from Qadian to Lahore on August 31st, 1947, see page 261. This reference was most likely taken from Muhammad Zafrullah Khan’s work, “Ahmadiyyat, the Renaissance of Islam”, see page 321 (published in 1979), again, no reference is given. Bashir Ahmad’s “Ahmadiyya, British-Jewish Connections” has detailed information about the partition and etc.
Per Ahmadiyya records, only 2 #ahmadis had been killed by 9-2-1947, the Khalifa and his family could have taken the train Qadian to Batala and then on to Amritsar and then Lahore, however, that was too dangerous. However, just before he fled to Lahore, he issued an order that all Ahmadi’s living in the Eastern side of Punjab (the India side) should remain steadfast and not leave India. After the Khalifa left, 20+ Ahmadi’s were killed in Oct-Nov of 1947. The truth is, Ahmadi’s were being killed in Qadian and all over the Eastern Punjab. The situation was so bad that Zafrullah Khan contacted Ghandi and had them send a representative to Qadian to check on things. As soon as he arrived in Lahore, he had the Al-Fazl publish an announcement that Ahmadi’s should be willing to give up 50% of their wealth for Ahmadiyya. Uptil November of 1947, the Khalifa was telling Ahmadi’s that they would in-fact return to Qadian in grand fashion, however, this never happened. Bashir Ahmad Orchard was part of the caravan of 2 trucks that traveled from Qadian to Lahore, however, we are unsure if this was the same caravan as the Khalifa.
What is Rattan Bagh, Lahore
One of the founding members of Haqqiqat Passand Paty is Professor Chaudhry Ghulam Rasool sahib of Chak 35, near Sargodha. He is a former Waqaf-i-Zindghi, Khuddam (left safety and comfort of his home in Chack 35 and went to Qadian to defend it on call of Qadiani Khalifa 2 to Khuddam in 1947 there he got arrested while carrying arms on the outskirts of Qadian and spent many months in Indian Jails along with some other Qadianis (including Aziz Bhambri) and Furqan Force member (he fought at Bimber sector, during Kashmir conflict in 1948).
Quote from Al-Fazl via the Lahori-Ahmadi’s
Al-Fazl (Note: The Official Organ of the Rabwah Jama’at), Qadian of 12th September 1947 carried the following news on page 3:
“”””On the night between 10th and 11th September, the news was broadcast from Radio Pakistan that the respected Imam of the Ahmadiyya Jamaat, Qadian, after consulting representatives of his Jamaat has decided that all Ahmadis of East Punjab, particularly those of the Qadian Jamaat, should stay where ever they are. They should not leave their stations under any circumstances. Women and children should be evacuated to Western Punjab. They can be brought back as soon as conditions improve.””””
The Talim ul Islam College temporary moved into the DAV Hindu College
In 1947, when the college became homeless as a result of the independence of Pakistan in 1947. After operating in an abandoned horse stable for several months, the college shifted to the abandoned building of the D.A.V. College in Lahore. Nowadays, its the The ‘Islamia College, Civil Lines’ also called the Government Islamia College Civil Lines. This building was used as a refugee camp for some time, and became badly damaged but was repaired to suit the needs of the college. From 1948 to 1955, the College was located in Lahore, in fact, an Ahmadi was tragically murdered in 1953 during the the famous 1953 riots. On Dec. 6th, 1954, the College was opened in Rabwah. November 1947: Nusrat Girls’ primary and high schools recommenced their functioning in Lahore after the frightening episode of partition and migration from Qadian. This provides us with an example of the Jamaat’s zeal for the education of women. 6 November 1947: Talim-ul-Islam High School was shifted to Chiniot from Qadian. Initially, it was relocated in the Malik Bhagwandas building by the allotment officials (see online Al-Hakam archives, via twitter).
In June 1948, 1034 acres of land were leased from the government for PKR 12,000, that’s roughly 11 rupees per acre, which is a steal of a deal, this was a 99-year lease which expires in June of 2048 (see Tareekh-e-Ahmadiyyat, Volume 11, Page 410. Edition 2007. Published by Nazarat Nashro Ishaat, Qadian, India and “Silsila Ahmadiyya” by Dr Mirza Sultan Ahmad volume 2 edition 2008 page no 236). The Ahmadi Khalifa then leased land to Ahmadi’s and made millions. The town was named Rabwah by then leader of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad. Rabwah is an Arabic word meaning an “elevated place”. The formal inauguration of the settlement took place on 20 September 1948 after prayers and a sacrifice of five goats at the corners and centre of the area. The place where Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad led first ever prayers became the first ever mosque of Rabwah, the Yadgaar (memorial) Mosque. The first settlements were in camps which were later replaced by buildings constructed of mud. Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad relocated to Rabwah on 19th of Sept 1949. By that time the population had reached 1,000. The first ever Jalsa Salana in Rabwah took place from 15 to 17 April 1949, attended by 17,000 people.
The first ever building constructed using concrete was the Mahmood Mosque. Electricity was provisioned to the city in 1954. The Punjab Assembly passed a resolution on 17 November 1998 changing the name of Rabwah to ‘Nawan Qadian’, but on 14 February 1999, a new directive was issued, renaming Nawan Qadian to Chenab Nagar. The other names considered were Chak Dhaggian, Mustafa Abad, and Siddiq Abad. In 1974, the NA accused the leaders of the Punjab (in 1947) of collusion.
“””Nawab Iftikhar Ahmad Ansari, a member of the Pakistan Bar Council and ex-member of the West Pakistan Assembly, on Wednesday filed a petition before the Tribunal inquiring into the Rabwah incident praying for permission for placing on record documents pertaining to the grant of Rabwah land to the Anjuman-a-Ahmadia.
The petitioner maintained that grant of 1,033 acres, seven kanals, and eight marlas of land for Rs. 10,340 by the Governor of the Punjab to the chief of the Anjuman could not be made under the Colonisation of Government Lands Act.
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