Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad was the Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya community from 1914 to 1965. He was forced to flee from Qadian via official Indian military escort in the early hours of September 11th, 1947 (this was most likely a bunch of Ahmadi-officers who gave this escort)(this is per the Lahori-Ahmadi’s). However, in Fazl-e-Omar (published in 2012, written by Mujeeb ur Rahman, a famous Ahmadi lawyer, he doesn’t give a reference), it is written that the Khalifa traveled from Qadian to Lahore on August 31st, 1947, see page 261. This reference was most likely taken from Muhammad Zafrullah Khan’s work, “Ahmadiyyat, the Renaissance of Islam”, see page 321 (published in 1979), again, no reference is given. Bashir Ahmad’s “Ahmadiyya, British-Jewish Connections” has detailed information about the partition and etc.
Per Ahmadiyya records, only 2 #ahmadis had been killed by 9-2-1947, the Khalifa and his family could have taken the train Qadian to Batala and then on to Amritsar and then Lahore, however, that was too dangerous. However, just before he fled to Lahore, he issued an order that all Ahmadi’s living in the Eastern side of Punjab (the India side) should remain steadfast and not leave India. After the Khalifa left, 20+ Ahmadi’s were killed in Oct-Nov of 1947. The truth is, Ahmadi’s were being killed in Qadian and all over the Eastern Punjab. The situation was so bad that Zafrullah Khan contacted Ghandi and had them send a representative to Qadian to check on things. As soon as he arrived in Lahore, he had the Al-Fazl publish an announcement that Ahmadi’s should be willing to give up 50% of their wealth for Ahmadiyya. Uptil November of 1947, the Khalifa was telling Ahmadi’s that they would in-fact return to Qadian in grand fashion, however, this never happened. Bashir Ahmad Orchard was part of the caravan of 2 trucks that traveled from Qadian to Lahore, however, we are unsure if this was the same caravan as the Khalifa.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________QADIAN, A DARUL AMAN FOR QADIANI JAMAAT TURNED INTO A HELL AT PARTITION OF INDIA IN 1947
Mirza Ghulam, Qadiani declared Qadian as Darul Aman (abode of Peace) in order to equate it with Makkah Madina. Mirza Qadiani claimed that no calamity could touch his family and followers inside Qadian. Under his so called divine revelation, Qadiani mulla and scribes made the word Darul Aman an integral part of Qadian in their official correspondence and writings.
During the reign of Mirza Mahmoud K2, a team of goons was formed at Qadian, to terrorise the opponent Muslim and Sikh residents of Qadian and neighbouring villages. Mirza Mahmoud, through his team of terrorists, carried out killing and all sorts of atrocities on the hindu, Sikh, Muslim opponents and his dissidents of the Jamaat Like Fakhruddin Multani , Abdurehman Misri and Mubahila walas.
The events recorded by Dost Muhammad Shahid, the official historian of Jamaat Qadianiya In his Tareekh Ahmadiyyat Volume 11 page Nos. 236 onwards, confirm that Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud once a puppet sovereign ruler had fled Qadian in the dark hours silently and secretly. All other Family member Office bearers and common Qadianis were miserably kicked out of the Qadian which was once believed to be Darul Aman (abode of peace), for them.
The history as recorded by DMS tells us that Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud had fled qadian so secretly that he did not inform of his escape from Qadian even to his close mullahs like Jalaluddin Shams and Abul Ata Jallundri. He was so scared of the oppressed Sikhs and other opponents that he left behind his many younger sons nephews and other family members. He left his brother Mirza Bashir Ahmad MA to be the Amir, but he too has to flee the so called Darul Aman few days after the departure of Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud.
DMS has quoted two letters that Mirza Bashir Ahmad MA sent to his brother Mirza Mahmoud during his brief stay at Qadian. These letters throw light on how Sikh took revenge from Qadianis for the hooliganism they faced at the hand of Qadiani goons under Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmoud. Eventually, Mirza Family and Qadianis were thrown out of their so called Darul Aman. Here are these two letters translated and summarised in english:
Qadian Darul Aman
Syedna (Mirza Mahmoud)
The news of safe arrival of huzur at Lahore reached us yesterday at 6:30 PM which relieved us of the worries regarding huzur,s well being. The activities of Sikh rioters remained high today. Two ahmadis of Tutla Sekhwan were killed by Sikhs, they started attacks on Sathiali, residents of Kahnuwan were under severe threats by Sikhs. It was observed from atop the Minaret (Minaretul Masih) that the village of Alme has been burnt down.
Zainul Abdeen waliullah Shah sb has returned to Qadiani and will go to talk to military tomorrow. The letter of huzur was shown to Jalaludin Shams and Molvi Abul Ata, three hours after huzur,s departure. It was read over to all Sadur sahibs in the evening and was also shown to audience at Masjid today. Every body was surprised to know of huzur,s sudden and secret departure. Rest of all is ok. Seeking huzur,s dua.
Mirza Bashir Ahmad MA.
Dated : 02-09-1947.
Syedna Hazrat Amiral Momineen
Hope huzur would be well. Police reached Ahmadiya chowk early in the morning and ordered to open the lock to the gate. When the keys could not be braught in time, they climbed up to the shops near the house of Dr. Hashmatullah, entered into the Ahmadia Chowk and besieged our houses, Umme Tahir,s house and the office of tehreeke Jadeed. An armed military contingent climbed up to the Minaret (minartul Masih) to keep a watch all around. Police entered into the houses of Umme Tahir and syed Nasir shah and conducted search. They entered the offices of Lajnas. They got the office of huzur, opened and carried out a search here too. The police recovered a gun from Tahir from the house of Umme Tahir and demanded it,s license which was not available then. A 12 bore Gun and a revolver was also recovered from the upstair of Aziz Hamid house. All arms were taken into custody by the police. They also recovered few lancets and military bags from the office of tehreek Jadeed. Police broke few locks and dug out the floor on the suspicion of Arms and ammunition.
A credible information was received that Police is coming to us to arrest me. I have handed over the charge of amirat to Mirza Aziz Ahmad sb. A curfew was imposed. Friends stayed with me at night.Choudhry Abdul Bari Naib Nazir Baitul Maal who had with him the Jewellery worth Rs. 25000/- was arrested today. His Jewellery is also missing.
An Information was received that DSP with Police Guard will come to Qadian from Batala and Jamaat,s leader should come to Police Station to see him, however, Jamaat leaders were not allowed to meet the DSP, despite waiting for hours.
Syed Mehboob Alam sb Bihari who had gone on a morning walk on Friday morning, is missing, it is believed that he has been killed by the Sikhs. As per instructions of Huzur and result of draw, the list of those who will stay at Qadian are as under:
Mubarak Ahmad, Zafar Ahmad, Munawar Ahmad, Majeed Ahmad and Mir Daud Ahmad. Daud Ahmad has arrived with a truck and if I am not arrested tonight , i will send Mian Nasir Ahmad Tahir Ahmad Azhar Ahmad Muhammad Ahmad along-with those whose names have been selected through draw.
It is 11 o clock in the night. May Allah be our protector for all of us.
Humble self Mirza Bashir Ahmad
Qadian Dated :22-09-1947.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________What is Rattan Bagh, Lahore
One of the founding members of Haqqiqat Passand Paty is Professor Chaudhry Ghulam Rasool sahib of Chak 35, near Sargodha. He is a former Waqaf-i-Zindghi, Khuddam (left safety and comfort of his home in Chack 35 and went to Qadian to defend it on call of Qadiani Khalifa 2 to Khuddam in 1947 there he got arrested while carrying arms on the outskirts of Qadian and spent many months in Indian Jails along with some other Qadianis (including Aziz Bhambri) and Furqan Force member (he fought at Bimber sector, during Kashmir conflict in 1948).
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Quote from Al-Fazl via the Lahori-Ahmadi’s
Al-Fazl (Note: The Official Organ of the Rabwah Jama’at), Qadian of 12th September 1947 carried the following news on page 3:
“”””On the night between 10th and 11th September, the news was broadcast from Radio Pakistan that the respected Imam of the Ahmadiyya Jamaat, Qadian, after consulting representatives of his Jamaat has decided that all Ahmadis of East Punjab, particularly those of the Qadian Jamaat, should stay where ever they are. They should not leave their stations under any circumstances. Women and children should be evacuated to Western Punjab. They can be brought back as soon as conditions improve.””””
___________________________________________________________________________The Talim ul Islam College temporary moved into the DAV Hindu College
In 1947, when the college became homeless as a result of the independence of Pakistan in 1947. After operating in an abandoned horse stable for several months, the college shifted to the abandoned building of the D.A.V. College in Lahore. Nowadays, its the The ‘Islamia College, Civil Lines’ also called the Government Islamia College Civil Lines. This building was used as a refugee camp for some time, and became badly damaged but was repaired to suit the needs of the college. From 1948 to 1955, the College was located in Lahore, in fact, an Ahmadi was tragically murdered in 1953 during the the famous 1953 riots. On Dec. 6th, 1954, the College was opened in Rabwah. November 1947: Nusrat Girls’ primary and high schools recommenced their functioning in Lahore after the frightening episode of partition and migration from Qadian. This provides us with an example of the Jamaat’s zeal for the education of women. 6 November 1947: Talim-ul-Islam High School was shifted to Chiniot from Qadian. Initially, it was relocated in the Malik Bhagwandas building by the allotment officials (see online Al-Hakam archives, via twitter).
In June 1948, 1034 acres of land were leased from the government for PKR 12,000, that’s roughly 11 rupees per acre, which is a steal of a deal, this was a 99-year lease which expires in June of 2048 (see Tareekh-e-Ahmadiyyat, Volume 11, Page 410. Edition 2007. Published by Nazarat Nashro Ishaat, Qadian, India and “Silsila Ahmadiyya” by Dr Mirza Sultan Ahmad volume 2 edition 2008 page no 236). The Ahmadi Khalifa then leased land to Ahmadi’s and made millions. The town was named Rabwah by then leader of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad. Rabwah is an Arabic word meaning an “elevated place”. The formal inauguration of the settlement took place on 20 September 1948 after prayers and a sacrifice of five goats at the corners and centre of the area. The place where Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad led first ever prayers became the first ever mosque of Rabwah, the Yadgaar (memorial) Mosque. The first settlements were in camps which were later replaced by buildings constructed of mud. Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad relocated to Rabwah on 19th of Sept 1949. By that time the population had reached 1,000. The first ever Jalsa Salana in Rabwah took place from 15 to 17 April 1949, attended by 17,000 people.
The first ever building constructed using concrete was the Mahmood Mosque. Electricity was provisioned to the city in 1954. The Punjab Assembly passed a resolution on 17 November 1998 changing the name of Rabwah to ‘Nawan Qadian’, but on 14 February 1999, a new directive was issued, renaming Nawan Qadian to Chenab Nagar. The other names considered were Chak Dhaggian, Mustafa Abad, and Siddiq Abad. In 1974, the NA accused the leaders of the Punjab (in 1947) of collusion.
“””Nawab Iftikhar Ahmad Ansari, a member of the Pakistan Bar Council and ex-member of the West Pakistan Assembly, on Wednesday filed a petition before the Tribunal inquiring into the Rabwah incident praying for permission for placing on record documents pertaining to the grant of Rabwah land to the Anjuman-a-Ahmadia.
The petitioner maintained that grant of 1,033 acres, seven kanals, and eight marlas of land for Rs. 10,340 by the Governor of the Punjab to the chief of the Anjuman could not be made under the Colonisation of Government Lands Act.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays
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