Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas (1904–1967) was a leading politician of Jammu and Kashmir and the President of the Muslim Conference party. After his migration to Pakistan administered Kashmir in 1947, he became the head of the Azad Kashmir (AJK) government. Abbas died in Rawalpindi on 18 December 1967 and was laid to rest in Faizabad near Rawalpindi, close to the capital city of Islamabad, Pakistan. Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas was born in a middle class Gujjar Kashmiri Muslim family of Chaudhry Nawab Khan on 4 February 1904 at Jammu. He graduated from the Prince of Wales College, Jammu. He received his law degree from the Lahore Law College and started his career as a lawyer in Jammu. He was offered a position of Sub-Judge but he refused to serve the Dogra Raj. He reorganized the socio-political organization Young Men’s Muslim Association, which was established earlier in 1909 and was the only platform that Muslims were using to raise their political voice in Jammu and Kashmir. This organization conducted some massive demonstrations against the Dogra rule and its activities.
1932, 16th of Oct
After totally breaking away from Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud and the Ahmadi influence, they created another organization, All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference was established on 16 October 1932. Its president was Sheikh Abdullah while Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas was elected as its secretary general. Later the organization was renamed as Jammu and Kashmir National Conference. But when Sheikh Abdullah developed his association with Nehru and the All India National Congress, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas withdrew from the National Conference. Consequently, the Muslim Conference was revived under the leadership of Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas and Agha Shaukat Ali. The Muslim Conference demanded Kashmir affiliation to Pakistan on 19 July 1947.
Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas campaigned for the affiliation of the people of Jammu and Kashmir with Pakistan. He arrived in Pakistan after the transfer of prisoners in 1948 when the ceasefire in the Kashmir conflict took effect and served the Azad Kashmir government till 1951. He presented the case of Pakistan in the United Nations along with Muhammad Ibrahim Khan when India took the Kashmir issue there.
In 1951, he resigned as head of the Azad Kashmir government and did not participate in government politics after that.
He died of stomach cancer on 18 December 1967 and was buried at Faizabad, Rawalpindi, Pakistan as he willed to be buried in Pakistan. He is survived by three sons Tariq Abbas, Tahir Abbas, Farooq Abbas and two daughters Rahat Abbas, Wajahat Abbas. In 1995, Pakistan Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp to honor his services. In 2006, a public event was organized in Rawalpindi, Pakistan to observe his death anniversary on 19 December 2006 where the leaders of the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, Sardar Abdul Qayyum and Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan paid tributes to him.
Pic, Sitting R to L: Sardar Gohar Rehman,Mistri Yaqoob Ali,Sheikh Abdullah,Chaudhary Ghulam abbas.Standing. R:Molvi AbdurRahim,L:Ghulam Nabi Gilkar
Links and Related Essays
- http://nation.com.pk/lahore/19-Dec-2014/ghulam-abbas-remembered, ‘Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas remembered’ on his death anniversary in 2014, The Nation newspaper, Published 19 December 2014, Retrieved 23 November 2016
- http://storyofpakistan.com/chaudhry-ghulam-abbas, Profile of Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas on storyofpakistan.com website, Published 1 January 2007, Retrieved 23 November 2016
- “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- “Kashmiris want exercise of right to self-determination”. Archived from the original on 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- http://www.amazingpakistanis.com/chaudhry-ghulam-abbas.html, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas’s Commemorative Postage Stamp shown on this website, Retrieved 23 November 2016
- http://www.dawn.com/news/224041/kashmiris-vow-to-continue-liberation-struggle, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas Death Anniversary event held at Rawalpindi in 2006, Dawn newspaper, Published 19 December 2006, Retrieved 23 November 2016