He was an Ahmadi lawyer, in 1931, the Khalifa, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad and the All-India Kashmir Committee (AIKC) sent him to Kashmir to fight legal cases in support of the local Kashmiri-Muslims, stemming from the famous riots of July, 1931. On the 24th of Sep. and per the order of the Khalifa, who was also the President of the All India Kashmir Committee. A few years later he became a High Court Justice in Lahore, British-India (See Khan “The construction of the Ahmadiyya Identity”). Some other Ahmadi lawyers who were sent to Kashmir are as follows, Chauhdry Muhammad Yusuf Khan, Shaykh Muhammad Ahmad Mazhar and Chauhdry Asadullah Khan (the younger brother of Zafrulla Khan), and several others. Remarkably, Dost Muhammad Shahid has recorded the details of hundreds of such cases that were acquitted or overturned due to the efforts of the AIKC’s legal team and counsel throughout the early 1930’s (See Khan “The construction of the Ahmadiyya Identity”). In 1947, per the order of his Khalifa, he presented Ahmadiyya as non-Muslims to the Punjab Boundary Commission, thus, the Gurdaspur district was given to India, Kashmir was also lost.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1931, 24th of Sep
He is sent to Kashmir by the Khalifa and the All India Kashmir Committee (AIKC) to help poor Kashmiri’s fight their cases vs. the Maharaja (See Khan “The construction of the Ahmadiyya Identity”).
12 November 1936: The High Court gave its verdict in favour of Ahmadis regarding a dispute of a mosque located in Koocha Chabuk Sawaran in Lahore. The case had been pending in courts for the last three to four years (since 1932). In the High Court, a lawyer, Sheikh Bashir Ahmad Sahib, presented very strong arguments in his discussion. And the decision was made in favour of the Jamaat. Syed Dilawar Shah Bukhari was appointed imam of this mosque by the Jamaat. (Tarikh-e-Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 7, p. 333)
The Khalifa, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad officially claims to be the Musleh Maud, he is at the house of Sheikh Bashir Ahmad, on 13 Temple Rd, Lahore, British-India.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1947–July/August, Punjab Boundary Commission, The Radcliffe Line
The Khalifa appoints Sheikh Bashir Ahmad to represent Ahmadiyya before the Commission. When the Commission started hearing the arguments, the Khalifatul Masih himself moved to Lahore and rendered assistance to the Muslim League both by his advice and by procuring the services of a foreign expert on questions that the Commission would have to take into account in making its report. As was expected the Commission, which was composed of four High Court judges, two Muslim and two non-Muslim, was not able to present a unanimous or majority report and the determination of the boundary was left to the umpire, Sir Cyril (later
Lord) Radcliffe. His award came as a profound shock to the Muslims and particularly to the Community, as under it several Muslim majority areas contiguous to the rest of Pakistan were excluded from Pakistan and were included in India. The greater part of the Gurdaspur District, in which Qadian was situated, was also included within India despite a majority of Muslims in the District (see Fazl e Omar). Ahmadi’s specifically represented themselves as Non-Muslims, thus, the Gurdaspur district was given to India and thus Kashmir was lost forever.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays
Dost Muhammad Shahid, Tarikh-i Ahmadiyya, Vol. 5, pp. 535-554
Copland, Ian, “Islam and Political Mobilization in Kashmir, 1931-34”, which was published in an academic journal entitled: “PACIFIC AFFAIRS”, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 228-259 (32 pages), Published by: Pacific Affairs, University of British Columbia
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