Intro
We have a found a newspaper report from the famous Pioneer newspaper of British from Thursday, March-29th, 1894 and April 5th and 12th. The March-29th, 1894 edition reported on the lunar eclipse of March 20th, 1894. However, it should be noted that the day would change when the sun went down (not at mid-night), and thus the evening of March 20th, would actually be March 21st in the islamic calendar. This totally contradicts the alleged hadith in Dar-e-Qutni which clearly says that the there would be a lunar eclipse the first night of ramadhan, and this had never happened before in the history of the universe, which is true, lunar eclipses don’t happen on the first night of Ramadhan. It should also be noted that the Lunar eclipse was only visible in Agra and not Qadian.

The solar eclipse is reported in the April 12th, 1894 edition of the Pioneer Mail and happened on the last day of Ramadhan, which was April 6th. This is also in full contradiction with alleged hadith in Dar-e-Qutni which clearly says that the there would be a solar eclipse the middle of ramadhan. MGA and his team have never accepted this, they say it happened on April 5th, or they extend Ramadhan to April 7th.

Furthermore, we have also posted an internal document from the British government for March-April of 1894 wherein the Thanesar Eclipse Fair of 1894 is discussed (from brit library records). These internal documents tell us how 500,000 people showed up for the the event. Many hindu newspapers (and other sources) told Hindus about the impending Solar eclipse on April 6th, 1894 and thus, it happened on the morning of April 6th from 7:20am to 9:50am. Per the report about 75% of the sun was covered by the moon. This report tells us that even 2-3 months before these eclipses happened, hindus had told the railway department that they would have lots of Hindu’s travelling to Thanesar. These reports also tell us that there similar eclipse fairs in 1871, 1872, 1874 and 1887.

In conclusion, after the Thanesar fair and after the Pioneer Mail published all of this info about the eclipses, then, the private letters of Fatih Masih, wherein he urged MGA to connect these eclipses with his claims, then and only then did MGA’s team concoct the entire story of the eclipses. Even in 2019, hindus celebrate the a solar eclipse with a festival.

2 years after the eclipses (1896). MGA claims that the Pioneer called the eclipses a supernatural event and acknowledges that the Pioneer foretold the eclipses. MGA also argues that his enemies changed the dates from the 13th to the 14th and the 28th to the 29th. MGA quotes the Pioneer and Sole Military Gazette.

MGA knew that the eclipses would happen and still didn’t bother to use them as a sign before they happened. He just acknowledged that he knew but after the happened… over a month later on the 11th of May 1894, Padri Fateh Masih trolled MGA, saying people are going crazy in Makkah over the eclipses and advised him to go there and claim to be the Mahdi. About a week later, on May 18 1894 MGA writes Nur al Haq volume 2 and quotes the letter of Fateh Masih. It shows how calculative he was

But he proves himself to be false because he said that if someone only uses the eclipses after they happen then he’s false… MGA had the opportunity to foretell them using the scientific knowledge he possessed just as Abdul Ghafar Janba did for the 2003 eclipses. But instead, he waited until someone made a big deal (Padri Fateh Masih) and then he later lied saying that he foretold them in Baraheen e Ahmadiyya 12 years prior to them taking place.

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The Pioneer Mail newspaper of British from Thursday, March-29th, 1894 and April 5th and 12th

The Pioneer Mail 1894 Eclipses
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Thanesar Eclipse Fair of 1894 from brit library records

Thanesar is a historic town and an important Hindu pilgrimage centre on the banks of the Saraswati River in the state of Haryana in northern India. It is located in Kurukshetra district, approximately 160 km northwest of DelhiKurukshetra‘s urban area now merges with Thanesar. Thanesar derives its name from the words “Sthaneshwar” which means “Place of God.” The Sthaneshwar Mahadev Temple, whose presiding deity is Lord Shiva, is believed to be place where the Pandavas with Krishna prayed to Lord Shiva and received his blessings for victory in the battle of Mahabharata.

Thenesar Fair 1894

Thenesar Fair 1894 with red markings

https://www.ebay.com/itm/173888924155?_trkparms=aid%3D1110006%26algo%3DHOMESPLICE.SIM%26ao%3D1%26asc%3D20200818143230%26meid%3D9ea81059eddf474e887c0a7123a0e5ec%26pid%3D101224%26rk%3D2%26rkt%3D5%26mehot%3Dnone%26b%3D1%26sd%3D144029501814%26itm%3D173888924155%26pmt%3D0%26noa%3D1%26pg%3D2047675%26algv%3DDefaultOrganic&_trksid=p2047675.c101224.m-1
_____________________________________________________________________________________________The hadith report from Dar-e-Qutni
Dar-e-Qatni, Vol. 1, P. 188

Narrated Amr son of Shamir, quoting Jabir, who quoted Mohammad bin ‘Ali:

“For our Mahdi, two signs are given which never occurred in the past from the creation of the heavens and the earth. One is that a lunar eclipse will occur on the first night of Ramadhan and the second sign is that a solar eclipse will occur in the middle of Ramadhan and these signs had never happened from the creation of the heavens and the earth.” 
_____________________________________________________________________________________________May 11th, 1894

Fateh Masih was the person who told MGA to make his claim of being the Mahdi based on the eclipses of March and April 1894 (See the scans in the below from the Nur Afshan). Fateh Masih also wrote this in private letters to MGA. He urged MGA to go to Mecca and make his claims. Fateh Masih was posted at Fatehgarh, District Gurdaspur and was working as a Christian Missionary. These were the eclipses that MGA used to solidify his claim of being the Mahdi and were written in Nurul-Haqq Part-2. However, there are authentic hadith reports from Muhammad (saw) which clearly assert that eclipses don’t signify the birth of anyone.

Summary

MGA was trolled by Fateh Masih to make the claim of being Mahdi in Makkah and he said the people in Makkah are going crazy and waiting for the Mahdi.

Scans


_____________________________________________________________________________________________1894
On May 18, 1894, Noor-ul-Haq Part-2 was published (see Mujadid e Azim, abridged english edition, page 507).

From 1894 to  MGA and his team wrote that these types of eclipses had never happened ever before or would ever happen after, see Noorul Haq, Part-2, which corresponds to RK-9.  

“This has never happened and absolutely never happened, except in my time, since the beginning of universe till now, that lunar and solar eclipse had gathered in the month of Ramadhan in such a manner that some claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddathiyat (one who converse with God) had also been present.”  (Roohani Khazain, Noorul Haq, Part-2, Vol. 9, P. 50).  

“Combination of lunar and solar eclipse in Ramadhan has never taken place in the time of any Prophet or Messenger or muhaddith and since the birth of universe during the time of any claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddithiyat lunar and solar has never combined. Combination of Lunar and Solar eclipse and Mahdi is an unnatural phenomenon.” (Roohani Khazain, Noorul Haq, Part-2, Vol. 9, P. 84).
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1894, September 6th
Anwarul Islam, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 9, P. 50

“This has never happened and absolutely never happened, except in my time, since the beginning of universe till now, that lunar and solar eclipse had gathered in the month of Ramadhan in such a manner that some claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddathiyat (one who converse with God) had also been present.”

Scan

____________________________________
Anwarul Islam, Roohani Khazain, Vol.9, p.48

“””The Hadith does not imply that before the advent of the Mahdi there would be eclipses of the moon and the sun in the month of the Ramadhan, because in that case it was possible that after seeing the lunar eclipse and the solar eclipse in the month of Ramadhan, any impostor could claim to be the Promised Mahdi and the matter would become ambiguous since it is easy to claim afterwards. If after the eclipses there are many claimants it is clear that the eclipses cannot testify anyone.”””

Scan

____________________________________
Roohani Khazain, Vol. 9, P. 84
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“Combination of lunar and solar eclipse in Ramadhan has never taken place in the time of any Prophet or Messenger or muhaddith and since the birth of universe during the time of any claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddithiyat lunar and solar has never combined. Combination of Lunar and Solar eclipse and Mahdi is an unnatural phenomenon.” 

______________________________________________________________________________________________
1896-1897
Anjam-e-Atham, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 11, p. 332-334

2 years after the eclipses. MGA claims that the Pioneer called the eclipses a supernatural event and acknowledges that the Pioneer foretold the eclipses. MGA also argues that his enemies changed the dates from the 13th to the 14th and the 28th to the 29th. MGA quotes the Pioneer and Sole Military Gazette.

MGA knew that the eclipses would happen and still didn’t bother to use them as a sign before they happened. He just acknowledged that he knew but after the happened… over a month later on the 11th of May 1894, Padri Fateh Masih trolled MGA, saying people are going crazy in Makkah over the eclipses and advised him to go there and claim to be the Mahdi. About a week later, on May 18 1894 MGA writes Nur al Haq volume 2 and quotes the letter of Fateh Masih. It shows how calculative he was

But he proves himself to be false because he said that if someone only uses the eclipses after they happen then he’s false… MGA had the opportunity to foretell them using the scientific knowledge he possessed just as Abdul Ghafar Janba did for the 2003 eclipses. But instead, he waited until someone made a big deal (Padri Fateh Masih) and then he later lied saying that he foretold them in Baraheen e Ahmadiyya 12 years prior to them taking place.

“The meaning of prophecy is that this sign has not been to any other claimant, whether true or false. Only given to the Promised Mahdi. If these tyrant molvis (Muslim scholars) can present a similar occurrence of lunar and solar eclipse in the time of some other claimant then please do it; then I will no doubt become a liar.”

Transliteration of page 333

Chunache March 1894 Pioneer aur Sole Military Gazette ne iqrar kiya hai ke yeh khusoof o kusoof jo 6 April 1894 ko ho ga yeh eik aisa ajeeb hai ke pehle is se is shakal aur soorat par kabhi nahi hua.

Dekho Kufaar gawahi dete hain ke yeh khusoof o kusoof khariq e aadat hai aur molvi aitraz kar rahe hain!!!

Scans


1897, via Anjam e Athim

Roohani Khazain, Anjam-e-Athim, Vol. 11, P. 332

“The meaning of prophecy is that this sign has not been to any other claimant, whether true or false. Only given to the Promised Mahdi. If these tyrant molvis (Muslim scholars) can present a similar occurrence of lunar and solar eclipse in the time of some other claimant then please do it; then I will no doubt become a liar.”

Anjam-e-Atham, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 11, p. 332-334

MGA claims that the Pioneer called the eclipses a supernatural event. MGA  also argues that his enemies changed the dates from the 13th to the 14th and the 28th to the 29th. MGA quotes the Pioneer and Sole Military Gazette.

Scans


_____________________________________________________________________________________________
1899
Haqeeqat-ul-Mahdi, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 14, P. 429
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“All those Hadiths in which the coming of Mahdi is foretold are not verifiable and cannot be relied upon.” 
______________________________________________________________________________________________
The extended story

In MGA’s first two books of 1891, “Victory of Islam” and “Elucidation of Objectives” he never mentioned anything about any Mahdi coming. 7 years earlier, in Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya (1884), vol. 4, MGA began to assert that he was related to Fatima, MGA even claimed that he saw a vision or had a dream wherein he put his head on Fatima’s thigh. MGA would use this later on in 1901 when he claimed prophethood. MGA proved that when he fabricated this dream/vision in 1883-1884, he was planning to claim to be the Mahdi later on.

In 1890-1891, via Izala Auham, MGA claimed that many Mahdi’s had already appeared and many more could appear. MGA argued that all the hadith on the Mahdi were fake. MGA only authenticated one hadith on the Mahdi, and that was Eisa (as)=Mahdi. However, in 1894, after Fateh Masih urged MGA to claim to be the Mahdi based on the double eclipses of 1894, MGA and his team of writers authenticated a dubious shia hadith and now claimed that there was now only 2 authentic hadith on the Mahdi. However, MGA errored and claimed that these eclipses had never happened before in the history of human history. In 1897, when MGA was apprised that these happen every 22 years, MGA and his team of writers changed their arguments. By 1901, MGA was claiming to be from the family of Muhammad (saw). However, after MGA died, in Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya vol.5 (published in October of 1908), Noorudin denied all hadith on the Mahdi and thus contradicted MGA’s arguments in 1901 and 1902.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________1901

MGA claims to be persian and that persian’s are ahl-e-bait and thus, he is related to Muhammad (saw) and thus the Mahdi. 
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
1902

Tohfah Golarhviyyah, p. 19, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 17, p. 117

“””In this revelation the family of my wife and my family are both described together as having been provided by God and both have been treated as praiseworthy to about the same extent. This is a clear indication that as my in-laws are descendants of Hadrat Fatimah, in the same way there is a mix of descent from Hadrat Fatimah in my genealogy through some of my grandmothers. The precedence given to my wife’s family in the revelation over my family is to stress the fact that she is a direct descendant of Hadrat Fatimah and I have partly inherited her blood.”””
_______________________________________
Tohfa-e-Golarviyya; Roohani Khazain, Vol. 17, p. 143
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“”””I swear by God in Whose Hand is my life that He has manifested this Sign in the sky to testify my truthfulness, and He manifested it at a time when the Maulvis (theologians) named me Dajjal (Anti-Christ), biggest liar, infidel and even biggest infidel. This is the same Sign regarding which twenty years ago I was promised in ‘Braheen- e-Ahmadiyya’, namely. ‘Tell them I have with me testimony from Allah, will you believe it or not? Tell them I have with me testimony from Allah, will you accept it or not?’ It should be remembered that although there are many proofs from Almighty God for vindicating my truthfulness and more than a hundred prophecies that have been fulfilled to which hundreds of thousands of people are witnesses, but in this revelation, this prophecy has been mentioned specifically. I have been given such a sign which was not given to anybody else from the time of Adam to the present time. In short I can stand in the sacred precincts of the Ka’aba and swear that this sign is for testifying my truth.”””
————————
Roohani Khazain
, Vol. 17, P. 331

“One Hadith of Dar-e-Qatni also proves that the Promised Mahdi will appear at the head of 14th Century; and that hadith is this ….translation of the whole hadith is:

‘There are two signs of our Mahdi; since the creation of earth and heaven this sign has not been revealed for any appointed and prophet and messenger; and those signs are that moon will eclipse in the first night of its fixed nights of eclipse and sun will get eclipsed in the middle of the fixed days for its eclipse, during the month of Ramadhan.’…this hadith clearly fixes 14th Century.”
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
1902
I‘jaz-e-Ahmadi
Online english edition

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Splitting of the Moon incident of Muhammad


“”For him (Muhammad) was shown the Sign of a lunar eclipse and for me, Of lunar and solar both. Will you persist in your denial?””
______________________________________________________________________________________________
1903
(Dafiul Balaa, p. 18, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 18, p. 238)
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“””And I also swear by Almighty God that I am the Promised Messiah and I am the same person who was promised by the prophets. There is news about me and my age in the Torah and the Gospel and the Holy Quran, it is stated that there will be eclipses in the sky and severe plague on the earth. “””
______________________________________________________________________________________________
1906-1907
(Haqiqatul Wahi, p. 45, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 22, p.48)

In fact, the world eclipse occurs 48 times in this book. MGA also claims to have foretold about the eclipses 12 years prior to them happening (they happened in 1894-1895), which corresponds to the Baraheen e Ahmadiyya-4 era.

“””In my age only in the month of Ramazan, eclipses of the sun and the moon occurred; in my age in accordance with the authentic sayings of the Holy Prophet and the Holy Quran and earlier Books, there was plague all over the country, and in my age only new mode of transport, namely railways came into existence and in my age only, as per my prophecies, terrible earthquakes came. Does not then righteousness demand that one should not be bold in denying my. Look! I swear by Almighty God and say that thousands of signs for establishing my truth have been manifested, are being manifested and will be manifested. If this were a man’s plan, never he would have enjoyed such a support and help.”””

Scan

_____________________________________________________________________________________________
1908
Chashma-e-Marifat, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 23 pp. 329-330
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“””We are not concerned with how often solar and lunar eclipses have occurred in the month of Ramazan from the beginning of the world till today. Our aim is only to mention that from the time man has appeared in this world, solar and lunar eclipses have occurred as Signs only in my age for me. Prior to me, no one had this circumstances that on one hand he claimed to be Mahdi Mauood (Promised Mahdi) and on the other, in the month of Ramazan, on the appointed dates, lunar and solar eclipses occurred and he declared the eclipses as signs in his favour. The Hadees of Darqutni does not say at all that solar and lunar eclipses did not occur ever before, but it does clearly say that such eclipses never occurred earlier as Signs, because the word ‘lum takuna’ is used which denotes feminine gender; this implies that such a Sign was never manifested before. If it was meant that such eclipses never occurred before ‘lum yakuna’ which denotes masculine gender was needed and not ‘lum takuna’ which denoted feminine gender. It is clear from this that the reference is to the two signs because signs are of feminine gender. Hence if anybody thinks that many times lunar and solar eclipse have occurred, it is his responsibility to show the claimant to Mahdi who declared the solar and lunar eclipses as his sign and this proof should be certain and conclusive and this can only happen if a book of the claimant is produced who claimed to be Mahdi Ma’hood and had written that the lunar and solar eclipses which occurred in Ramazan on the dates specified in Dar-e-qutni are the Signs of my truth. In short we are not concerned with the mere occurrence of solar and lunar eclipses even if they had been thousands of times. As a Sign this has happened at the time of a claimant only once and the Hadees has proved its authenticity and truth through its fulfillment at the time of the claimant to Mahdi.”””

____________________________
October–1908

After MGA died, BA5 is published and states that all hadith on the Mahdi are inauthentic.


_____________________________________________________________________________________________
1909
Zameema Nuzoolul Masih, Roohani Khazain, Vol.19, p.141
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“”In the article under review, the Hadith has been understood as meaning the lunar eclipse would occur on the first of Ramadhan and the solar eclipse would occur on the 15th of Ramadhan. As the author has himself admitted this event is astronomically impossible. Interpreting the Hadith in this way makes the Hadith meaningless. As the Promised Messiah(as) has mentioned, the purpose of the Hadith is not to promise some extraordinary prodigy but to provide a criterion for the recognition of the Imam Mahdi which is not shared by any other person.””

_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Links and Related Essay’s

Fateh Masih vs. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1888–1896)

 

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad did not claim to be the Mahdi in 1890

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pioneer_(India)

https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Splitting of the Moon incident of Muhammad

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In 1883-1884, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was prefacing his claim of being the Mahdi by claiming to be ahl-e-bait

Fateh Masih vs. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1888–1896)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanesar

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2021/05/21/mirza-ghulam-ahmad-claimed-to-be-persian-in-1901-and-per-kanzul-ummul-persians-are-ahl-e-bait-and-thus-mga-is-the-mahdi/

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad called Muhammad (saw) as “the perfect Mahdi”

Ibn Kathir on the Mahdi

Initially, MGA was downgrading all hadith on the Mahdi–1890-1891

The Ahmadiyya fraud on Eclipses and the Mahdi

Some hadith that prove that the Mahdi and Esa (as) are two separate people

Hadith on the Mahdi, scans and etc

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad did not claim to be the Mahdi in 1890


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