Intro
In MGA’s first two books of 1891, “Victory of Islam” and “Elucidation of Objectives” he never mentioned anything about any Mahdi coming. 7 years earlier, in Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya (1884), vol. 4, MGA began to assert that he was related to Fatima, MGA even claimed that he saw a vision or had a dream wherein he put his head on Fatima’s thigh. MGA would use this later on in 1901 when he claimed prophethood. MGA proved that when he fabricated this dream/vision in 1883-1884, he was planning to claim to be the Mahdi later on.

In 1890-1891, via Izala Auham, MGA claimed that many Mahdi’s had already appeared and many more could appear. MGA argued that all the hadith on the Mahdi were fake. MGA only authenticated one hadith on the Mahdi, and that was Eisa (as)=Mahdi. However, in 1894, after Fateh Masih urged MGA to claim to be the Mahdi based on the double eclipses of 1894, MGA and his team of writers authenticated a dubious shia hadith and now claimed that there was now only 2 authentic hadith on the Mahdi. However, MGA errored and claimed that these eclipses had never happened before in the history of human history. In 1897, when MGA was apprised that these happen every 22 years, MGA and his team of writers changed their arguments. By 1901, MGA was claiming to be from the family of Muhammad (saw). However, after MGA died, in Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya vol.5 (published in October of 1908), Noorudin denied all hadith on the Mahdi and thus contradicted MGA’s arguments in 1901 and 1902.


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1884

In 1883-1884, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was prefacing his claim of being the Mahdi by claiming to be ahl-e-bait. 

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1890-1891
RK-3/379 Izala-e-Auham, See Ref P# 5b-39

admit the fact/idea that many Mahdis might have appeared previously too and it is possible that [some] may appear in the future too and it is possible that some Mahdi might appear with the name Imaam Muhammad but the manner in which the public has this notion [in their mind], there is no evidence for that.” 

” ….as Ibn Majah and Hakim have also written in their sahee hadees (arabic)(LAAA MAHDI ILLA EISA ) that is No mahdi will come, except only jesus is going to come. I agree that many Mahdi’s have come before, and possiblity is that in future they can come too and possibility is their that by the name of imam mohammad mahdi will come, the way people think have no prove. Thus it is not my suggestion only but also most of jurists show like that. (page 379 )(Translation )Above lines from 1,2,3,4,5,6)

Page 379 – R.k Vol. 3 Izala Auham–SCAN

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1892

On the cover page of Nishan e Asmani (Heavenly Signs), MGA wrote that he was the Mahdi of the age/era. This is how MGA made his claim of being the Mahdi.

In the 1990’s, Mirza Tahir Ahmad confirms that MGA didn’t claim to be the Mahdi initially.

Watch the full video by Mirza Tahir Ahmad here.
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1894–Ramadhan, March and April

The dates of Ramadhan in 1894 are as follows, March 8th to April 6th, 1894. The first eclipse (lunar) happened on March 20th and the second eclipse (solar) happened on April 6th, 1894. Before this, MGA and his team of writers had no idea about any hadith in Dar-e-Qutni about the Mahdi and eclipses. 
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May 11th, 1894

Fateh Masih was the person who told MGA to make his claim of being the Mahdi based on the eclipses of March and April 1894 (See the scans in the below from the Nur Afshan). Fateh Masih also wrote this in private letters to MGA. He urged MGA to go to Mecca and make his claims. Fateh Masih was posted at Fatehgarh, District Gurdaspur and was working as a Christian Missionary. These were the eclipses that MGA used to solidify his claim of being the Mahdi and were written in Nurul-Haqq Part-2. However, there are authentic hadith reports from Muhammad (saw) which clearly assert that eclipses don’t signify the birth of anyone.

Summary

MGA was trolled by Fateh Masih to make the claim of being Mahdi in Makkah and he said the people in Makkah are going crazy and waiting for the Mahdi.

Scans

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1894
On May 18, 1894, Noor-ul-Haq Part-2 was published (see Mujadid e Azim, abridged english edition, page 507).

From 1894 to  MGA and his team wrote that these types of eclipses had never happened ever before or would ever happen after, see Noorul Haq, Part-2, which corresponds to RK-9.  

“This has never happened and absolutely never happened, except in my time, since the beginning of universe till now, that lunar and solar eclipse had gathered in the month of Ramadhan in such a manner that some claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddathiyat (one who converse with God) had also been present.”  (Roohani Khazain, Noorul Haq, Part-2, Vol. 9, P. 50).  

“Combination of lunar and solar eclipse in Ramadhan has never taken place in the time of any Prophet or Messenger or muhaddith and since the birth of universe during the time of any claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddithiyat lunar and solar has never combined. Combination of Lunar and Solar eclipse and Mahdi is an unnatural phenomenon.” (Roohani Khazain, Noorul Haq, Part-2, Vol. 9, P. 84).
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The news reports of the eclipses in 1894 changed MGA and his teams mind

From the summer of 1891 to the early part of 1894, MGA denied all the hadith on the Mahdi, in total. He wrote this specifically, however, his team read the news reports of impending eclipses and promptly found a hadith from Dar-e-Qutni which seems to have matched up. However, they were wrong, the hadith from Dar-e-Qutni (which isnt authentic, nor does it trace back to Muhammad (saw), says that this type of eclipses has never happened before in the history of the world. Ahmadiyya ghost-writers seem to have initially agreed, however, later on, they found out that it happens every 22 years and quickly wrote an amendment to their argument, i.e. that this eclipses had never happened before.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________The hadith report from Dar-e-Qutni

Narrated Amr son of Shamir, quoting Jabir, who quoted Mohammad bin ‘Ali:

“For our Mahdi, two signs are given which never occurred in the past from the creation of the heavens and the earth. One is that a lunar eclipse will occur on the first night of Ramadhan and the second sign is that a solar eclipse will occur in the middle of Ramadhan and these signs had never happened from the creation of the heavens and the earth.” (Dar-e-Qatni, Vol. 1, P. 188)
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1894, September 6th
Anwarul Islam, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 9, P. 50

“This has never happened and absolutely never happened, except in my time, since the beginning of universe till now, that lunar and solar eclipse had gathered in the month of Ramadhan in such a manner that some claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddathiyat (one who converse with God) had also been present.”

Scan

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Anwarul Islam, Roohani Khazain, Vol.9, p.48

“””The Hadith does not imply that before the advent of the Mahdi there would be eclipses of the moon and the sun in the month of the Ramadhan, because in that case it was possible that after seeing the lunar eclipse and the solar eclipse in the month of Ramadhan, any impostor could claim to be the Promised Mahdi and the matter would become ambiguous since it is easy to claim afterwards. If after the eclipses there are many claimants it is clear that the eclipses cannot testify anyone.”””

Scan

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Roohani Khazain, Vol. 9, P. 84
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“Combination of lunar and solar eclipse in Ramadhan has never taken place in the time of any Prophet or Messenger or muhaddith and since the birth of universe during the time of any claimant of messengership or prophethood or muhaddithiyat lunar and solar has never combined. Combination of Lunar and Solar eclipse and Mahdi is an unnatural phenomenon.”
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1896-1897 era
Roohani Khazain, Anjam-e-Athim, Vol. 11, P. 332

“The meaning of prophecy is that this sign has not been to any other claimant, whether true or false. Only given to the Promised Mahdi. If these tyrant molvis (Muslim scholars) can present a similar occurrence of lunar and solar eclipse in the time of some other claimant then please do it; then I will no doubt become a liar.”
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1899
Haqeeqat-ul-Mahdi, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 14, P. 429
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“All those Hadiths in which the coming of Mahdi is foretold are not verifiable and cannot be relied upon.” 
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1901

MGA claims to be persian and that persian’s are ahl-e-bait and thus, he is related to Muhammad (saw) and thus the Mahdi. 
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1902

Tohfah Golarhviyyah, p. 19, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 17, p. 117

“””In this revelation the family of my wife and my family are both described together as having been provided by God and both have been treated as praiseworthy to about the same extent. This is a clear indication that as my in-laws are descendants of Hadrat Fatimah, in the same way there is a mix of descent from Hadrat Fatimah in my genealogy through some of my grandmothers. The precedence given to my wife’s family in the revelation over my family is to stress the fact that she is a direct descendant of Hadrat Fatimah and I have partly inherited her blood.”””
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Roohani Khazain
, Vol. 17, P. 331

“One Hadith of Dar-e-Qatni also proves that the Promised Mahdi will appear at the head of 14th Century; and that hadith is this ….translation of the whole hadith is:

‘There are two signs of our Mahdi; since the creation of earth and heaven this sign has not been revealed for any appointed and prophet and messenger; and those signs are that moon will eclipse in the first night of its fixed nights of eclipse and sun will get eclipsed in the middle of the fixed days for its eclipse, during the month of Ramadhan.’…this hadith clearly fixes 14th Century.”
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1908

Chashma-e-Marifat, Roohani Khazain, Vol. 23 pp. 329-330
https://www.alislam.org/articles/truth-about-eclipses/

“””We are not concerned with how often solar and lunar eclipses have occurred in the month of Ramazan from the beginning of the world till today. Our aim is only to mention that from the time man has appeared in this world, solar and lunar eclipses have occurred as Signs only in my age for me. Prior to me, no one had this circumstances that on one hand he claimed to be Mahdi Mauood (Promised Mahdi) and on the other, in the month of Ramazan, on the appointed dates, lunar and solar eclipses occurred and he declared the eclipses as signs in his favour. The Hadees of Darqutni does not say at all that solar and lunar eclipses did not occur ever before, but it does clearly say that such eclipses never occurred earlier as Signs, because the word ‘lum takuna’ is used which denotes feminine gender; this implies that such a Sign was never manifested before. If it was meant that such eclipses never occurred before ‘lum yakuna’ which denotes masculine gender was needed and not ‘lum takuna’ which denoted feminine gender. It is clear from this that the reference is to the two signs because signs are of feminine gender. Hence if anybody thinks that many times lunar and solar eclipse have occurred, it is his responsibility to show the claimant to Mahdi who declared the solar and lunar eclipses as his sign and this proof should be certain and conclusive and this can only happen if a book of the claimant is produced who claimed to be Mahdi Ma’hood and had written that the lunar and solar eclipses which occurred in Ramazan on the dates specified in Dar-e-qutni are the Signs of my truth. In short we are not concerned with the mere occurrence of solar and lunar eclipses even if they had been thousands of times. As a Sign this has happened at the time of a claimant only once and the Hadees has proved its authenticity and truth through its fulfillment at the time of the claimant to Mahdi.””
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October-1908

After MGA died, BA5 is published and states that all hadith on the Mahdi are inauthentic.

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Links and Related Essays

In 1883-1884, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was prefacing his claim of being the Mahdi by claiming to be ahl-e-bait

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2021/07/03/fateh-masih-vs-mirza-ghulam-ahmad-1888-1896/

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/2021/05/21/mirza-ghulam-ahmad-claimed-to-be-persian-in-1901-and-per-kanzul-ummul-persians-are-ahl-e-bait-and-thus-mga-is-the-mahdi/

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad called Muhammad (saw) as “the perfect Mahdi”

Ibn Kathir on the Mahdi

Initially, MGA was downgrading all hadith on the Mahdi–1890-1891

The Ahmadiyya fraud on Eclipses and the Mahdi

Some hadith that prove that the Mahdi and Esa (as) are two separate people

Hadith on the Mahdi, scans and etc


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