Qazi Muhammad Zahuruddin Akmal was a pawn of Mirza Basheer-ud Din Mahmud before and after his Khilafat, he was never a Qazi (Judge), this was a name that was given to him out of respect. He was born on March 25, 1881 in Goleki, Pakistan, he was the son of an Maulana Imam ud Din (it is unclear whether he was an Ahmadi or not. He went to a mission-school in Gujrat, Pakistan for his schooling starting in 1895, by 1897, he matriculated, he then traveled to Qadian and signed the bait form. He grew up to be a hard-core Qadiani-Ahmadi and was willing to do anything to please the Mirza family. He was a sickly-man. He barely matriculated, he never went to college, he was sick all the time!! In 1906, he moved to Qadian and became an assistant editor of the Al-Badr, he wrote a few books while at Qadian, “Tasdiq ul Maseeh”, “Zahoor Ul Maseeh”, “Zahoor Ul Mahdi”, “Miyar ul Sadiqeen”, “Shahadutal Furqan” and many others. Shortly thereafter, per Ahmadiyya sources, he was transferred to the editorship of Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad’s magazine, the Tashhidhul Adhhan. As soon as the Al-Fazl started, he was then transferred to the editorship of the Al-Fazl. In fact, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad could not have launched this magazine without Qazi Muhammad Zahuruddin Akmal. He went on to be an editor for the Urdu edition of the Review of Religions. In 1926, he was the main editor of the Misbah (Ahmadiyya women’s magazine), which lasted 11 years til 1937. In 1937, Qazi Muhammad Zahuruddin Akmal became the editor of all Ahmadiyya magazines, as management of magazines was centralized. He seems to have retired in 1948.

He was instrumental in starting the Ahmadiyya jamaat in Goleki.

Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad raped his daughter in 1906 and beat the case.
1895 to 1906

It seems that he matriculated and then wrote many essays in support of Ahmadiyya in various newspapers of British India. He wrote many novels also, he seems to have been a novelist.  Ahmadiyya sources tell us that whatever people wanted him to write about, he would do it. By 1904, he had written 4 novels in total.

–He is hired as an editor of the Al-Badr by Mufti Muhammad Sadiq (who had just became the editor). He is paid 15 rupees per month and moves to Qadian. He was offered the same deal by the editor of the Al-Hakam, Shaikh Yacub Ali Irfani, however, he turned it down, citing a conflict of interest.

–He then writes some poetry wherein he calls MGA as greater than Muhammad (saw)(Naozobillah), it gets published in the Ahmadiyya newspaper Al-Badr (See the 1974 NA proceedings page 785 (pdf page 410) and the Al-Badr of Oct. 25th, 1906. The poem is as follows:

“Mohammad phir uttar aaye hain hum main
Aagay say hain barah kar apni shaan main”

“Muhammad has appeared among us again,
He is in greater glory than before.”

Scan work of Al-Badr

PDF of Al-Badr, Oct. 25, 1906
Albadr 25 Oct 1906[1947]

(See the Al-Badr issue of October 25, 1906 and  ‘Kya Maulvi Muhammad Ali Sahib Sarasar Ghalt Aur Baybuniyad Ilzam Wapas Lain Gay?’ published in August 13, 1944 issue of Al-Fazl).

Scan from 1944

_____________________________________________________________________________________________This poem was quoted in the Al-Fazl many years later

This poem was originally recited in presence of MGA in 1906 and MGA was very happy to hear it and praised with words ‘Jazak-Allah’. Further Al-fazal wrote that this poem written in calligraphic handwriting was presented to HMGA and he took it with him to his home to show it to his family. In AlFazal article a case was built that (elders of LAM including) Maulana Muhammad Ali, Khawaj Kamal ud Din, Shaikh Rehmatullah, Mirza Yaqub Baig, Syed Muhammad Hussain…..held the same opinion, and it was translated from Persian (original language of poem) into Urdu. And that Maulana Muhammad Ali was present in gathering when poem was recited to HMGA.
He writes:

“Mahmud, the brightest star and crown jewel of prophethood – may God the Benevolent protect him – stood up to deliver an address on the topic of shirk [associating partners with God]. I paid particular attention to his speech. How am I to express it in words? It was an ocean of eloquence, flowing with great force. Undoubtedly, to have such sound thoughts at such a young age is no less than a miracle. In my opinion, this also is a sign of the Promised Messiah’sas truthfulness. This makes evident the grand status and beauty of the moral training he received under the guidance of the Promised Messiahas. (He spoke on matters of spiritual excellences in an extraordinary manner.” (Al Hakam, 10 January 1907) (Swaneh Fazle Umar, Vol 1, pp. 121-122)(see here–

According to the Khalifa, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad and per his 1922 book Aenas Sadaqat, Qazi Muhammad Zahuruddin Akmal was the de facto editor of the Tashhidhul Adhhan magazine (See “Truth About the Split”, 2007 online english edition). He also began helping Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad in editing the Al-Fazl.

March-April time-frame
Qazi Muhammad Zahur-ud-Din published an article in the Tashhidhul Adhhan wherein the Khalifa asserted that MGA was mentioned in the Quran in the famous Chapter 61:6 (Ismuhu Ahmad verse, his name being Ahmad in english)(See “Truth About the Split”, 2007 online english edition).

In this same time frame, he begins to argue that the Khilafat of Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud was the fulfillment of the hadith wherein “khilafat -ala- minhaj-e-nabuwwat” is promised. 


Mr. Akmal seems to have been a private secretary of the Khalifa, Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad and corresponded on his behalf with the famous Muhammad Ahsan Amrohi.  Amrohi seemed to be confused about the new beliefs of the Khalifa, he was also very old at this time and most likely vacillating (See “Two sections of the Ahmadiyya Movement” by Muhammad Ali, 1918). By December of 1916, Muhammad Ahsan Amrohi had totally denounced the Khalifa at Qadian and it is unclear whether he became a Lahori-Ahmadi or a Sunni/Shia.

He seems to have also been an editor of the Review of Religions, it is unclear which version, Urdu or English, it was most likely Urdu (See Hidden Treasures).

He moved to Lahore from Qadian, with the Ahmadiyya entourage.

After living in Lahore for almost 10 years, he finally moved to Rabwah.

He died and is buried at Rabwah in Bahishti Maqbara, his funeral prayers were led by the 3rd Khalifa.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays

Tashhiz al-Azhan was a Magazine founded by Mahmud Ahmad in 1906, quotes and background info

Mirza Basheer ud Din Mahmud Ahmad’s rape incident of 1905, which caused MGA to create an investigative committee

The history of Ahmadiyya in Goleki, Punjab, Pakistan

Pakistan National Assembly Proceedings of 1974 against Ahmadis

The Ahmadiyya lies about “khilafat -ala- minhaj-e-nabuwwat”

“My beliefs about non-Ahmadi Muslims”, dated 18 August 1911 by Khwaja Kamal-uddin

“”Prophethood among the Followers of Muhammad”” by Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan of Amroha, Oct-1913, in Tashhizul Azhan

Tashhiz al-Azhan was a Magazine founded by Mahmud Ahmad in 1906, quotes and background info

Who is Shaikh Yacub Ali Irfani?

“”Prophethood among the Followers of Muhammad”” by Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Ahsan of Amroha, Oct-1913, in Tashhizul Azhan

Musleh-e-Maud: The Prophecy and its Fulfillment


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