Noorudin and his team (Maulvi Abdul Kareem and Mufti Sadiq) believed that Esa (as) had a biological father before they had ever met Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, they took this new belief from Sir Syed, who wrote it in 1880. They all worked together in Jammu, with Noorudin being the boss. Nevertheless, Noorudin and his team held the belief that Esa (as) had a biological father until 1903, wherein it is reported by Noorudin himself that he was forced to change his position on the order of MGA. However, after MGA died, per Lahori-Ahmadi sources, Noorudin ordered Muhammad Ali to write in his commentary of the Quran that Esa (As) had a biological father. The Qadiani branch went on to call the miraculous birth of Esa (as) as less then a miracle and some sort of rationally explained phenomenon. Obviously, the classic islamic view is that Esa (as) was born miraculously, just like Adam (as). By the will of Allah. Interestingly, in 1902, the english ROR discussed the possibility of a biological father of Esa (as).
“””””The Christians cannot stand their ground against Islam because they have taken as god a man who had a father, four brothers and two sisters, and was constantly persecuted by the Jews.””””(Ruhani Khaza’in, No. 2, vol. x, p. 53).
Izala-e-Auham, Roohani Khazain vol 3 p.254
“””””It is no wonder that God AlMighty might have given Jesus some technical know how so that by pressing a trigger or by somehow blowing on it, the clay toy took flight like a bird, or if it didn’t fly it might have walked. Because the Messiah, son of Mary had also been working as a carpenter with his father, Joseph, for twenty two years, and it is obvious that carpentry is a skill in which the faculty for inventing different sorts of machines and instruments is sharpened.””””
“”””One should not at all be surprised that Jesus, like his paternal grandfather Solomon, may have shown this miracle of wisdom to the opponents of the time.”””” (ibid., p. 304).
______________________________________________________________________________________________1893, in Hamamatul Bushra, an Arabic only book, page 90
“””””The ground on which this is based is his [Jesus Christ’s] creation without the agency of a human father, and the detail of this is that a certain section of the Jews, i.e. the Sadducees, were deniers of the Resurrection, so God informed them through some of His prophets that a son from among their community would be born without a father, and this would be a sign of the truth of Resurrection.””””
Ruhani Khazain volume 6 Jang-e-Muqadas page 280-281
“Do you believe birth of Jesus without father? Birth of Jesus without father doesn’t amaze me, Hazrat Adam was born without father and mother, Now rainy season is near, (you should) must go out and see how many insects get born itself. Therefore it’s a mistake to take it as proof of Jesus’s being God.”
“Masih ka bin baap paida hona mantay hain ya nahi?”
“Masih ka bin baap paida honay mari nagah ma koi ajoba baat nahi, Hazrat Adam AS maa or baap dono nahi rakhtay tah. Ab Kareeb Barsat Aati Ha, Zuroor Bahir Ja Kar Daikhien K Kitnay Keeray Mokohray Baghair Maa Baap K Paida Ho Jatay Hain. Pas es sa Masih ki khudai ka suboot nakalna sirf ghalti ha.”
roohani khazyian 14 -page 300 (ayam alsulah)
“”5th point is their customs, which are similar to Jews, as their tribes don’t make a difference between regular relationship and marriage. Ladies meet their fiance quite often. Hazrat Mariam used to meet with her fiance Yousaf (Yusuf)(Joseph) before marriage, this is quote sufficient evidence of jewish customs. But these customs are too much between women of tribes of Sarhad, some of these women even get pregnant before nikah (marriage), and its not considered bad, people used to get-away with it and laugh, because like jews they believe “this-arrangement” to be like a nikah, because before it they fix a dowry for it…”
Al-Hakam, June 24, 1901
“Our faith and belief is this that Jesus was born of no father, and Allāh has the power to do all things. The rationalists, called Naturies among us, who try to establish that he was born of a human father they are making a serious blunder.The Lord God of such people is a dead Lord God. The prayers and supplications of such people are not granted who assume that Allāh cannot cause a child to be born independently of the agency of a human male in the role of a father. We consider a man who holds this view to have fallen out of the pale of Islam.”
In the english ROR of April 1902, on pages 143-144, it is discussed how some new sect of Muslims called “Naichri” in english as “Naturalist”. They were referring to the followers of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan at the Aligarh University, who were all Quranist and also denied the physical return of Esa (as) as well as the fatherless birth as early as 1880. It is strange that the ROR refers to them as such.
“One of the doctrines we hold is that Jesus Christ and John the Baptist were both born miraculously . . . And the secret in creating Jesus and John in this manner was the manifestation of a great sign . . . And the first thing He [God] did to bring this about was the creation of Jesus without a father through the manifestation of Divine power only.” (Mawahib al-Rahman, pp. 70-72).
“And this is also a part of our belief that the birth of Jesus took place against the normal laws”…….
“Either we believe that Jesus was born on the decree of God, such is the way of Allah, He creates what He pleases, When He decrees a thing He says to it, ‘To be,’ and it is. Or, God forbid, his birth was illegitimate.” (Ruhani Khaza’in, v. 19, Introduction to the book Page 17).
^^^ These are quoted here. See page 344.
Noorudin contradicts MGA as he writes his biography and writes that it is not mandatory to believe that Esa (as) didn’t have a father.
Zafrullah Khan tells us in his biographical book on Noorudin as follows:
“”The birth of Jesus (as) without a father had been a somewhat controversial question. Maulawi Nur-ud- Din ra had held the view that Jesus had a father. The Promised Messiah (as), in his book Mawahibur Rahman, announced that it was part of his doctrine that Jesus (as)
had been born without a father. On reading this Maulawi Sahib (ra) discarded his view and fell into line with the view propounded by the Promised Messiah (as). He frankly confessed this change of view in his book Nur-ud-Din.”””(see “hazratmaulvinoorudeen” by Muhammad Zafrullah Khan, 2nd edition, published in 2006, page 100).
When thousands of insects are born by themselves during the rainy season, and Adam (as) was also born without parents, it is no proof of Jesus’ eminence if he, too, was born in the same manner. In fact, being born without a father deprives a person of certain faculties. (Chashma Masihi 28, RK 356)(See also the online english edition of this book, see, page 29).
“On a perusal of the Holy Qur`ān, this is what emerges as the truth, namely, that Jesus was fatherless; and this is a matter on which no question can come to lie. Where Allāh calls this birth as resembling the birth of Adam, it is an indication that in this birth there is an element of an extraordinary process of nature, to which a reference had to be made, for an explanation, by likening it to the example of Adam.” (Badr , May 16, 1907, page 3).
“”””The [Arya Samajist] lecturer also objected to Mary bearing a child by the Holy Spirit and to Jesus being born from Mary alone. The reply is that this was done by the same God who, according to the Arya Samaj teachings, creates millions of people in the beginning of every new creation, just as vegetables grow out of the earth. If, according to the Vedic teachings, God has created the world millions of times, nay times without number, in this manner, and there was no need that men and women should unite together in order that a child should be born, where is the harm if Jesus Christ was born similarly?”””” (Chashma Ma‘rifat, p. 217).
“”””Man originally was not created from sperm, but one being was created from another. After that, the second law took effect, by which human beings are created from sperm.””””(Chashma Ma‘rifa,p. 215).
“There is another debate, as to whether the Messiah was born without father or not. I say: Did 124,000 prophets have fathers or not? The Shariah has not laid upon us the obligation to make investigation about the mothers, fathers, sisters and brothers of prophets. These matters are not a part of your spiritual progress.” (Badr, 24th August 1911)
“The reverend says that all Muslims are agreed upon this issue, except Sir Sayyid who has rejected it on rational grounds, but that no one has rejected it on the basis of the Holy Quran. However, I will go on to show that he is wrong in saying that no one has rejected it from the Holy Quran. I will prove that people have shed light on this from the Quran itself and have proved that Jesus was not born without a father, but was born like the rest of the world. What I mean to say is that there have been differences on this issue, and that some people have believed Jesus to have had a father.”
(Tashhiz al-Azhan, April 1913, pp. 165 – 170)
In terms of the split, the two groups never quarreled over this topic at all. The Lahori’s totally believed that Esa (as) had a biological father, whereas the Qadiani-branch remained silent until 1947.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays
Mufti Muhammad Sadiq was a student of Noorudin, pre-1891
Muhammad Ali (the Lahori-Ahmadi) denies the miraculous birth of Esa (as) in 1917
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