Chapter 2 of the Quran was revealed to Muhammad just after he arrived in Medina in roughly 2 A.H. and became the General/Leader of the “greater-medina-area”. 2:62 indirectly tells us that there is NO compulsion (see 2:256 also) for any person to join Islam or serve in the military. These verses seem to be a “peace-time” teaching of Islam. In fact, this entire Chapter teaches Muslims how to live in a diverse environment and lays the grass-roots for the most basic Islamic teaching, justice. Furthermore, the context on this verse is the people of Musa (as) and those Christians, Sabians and Jews who existed before Muhammad (saw). Later on, Mirza Tahir Ahmad (the 4th Khalifa) contradicted the view of MGA.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________MGA and his team never really commented on 2:62 until 1906
MGA never commented on this verse, nor did any of his “ghost-writers” until Dr. Abdul Hakim Khan wrote about it in his Tafsir of the Quran in 1905, which was marketed by the ROR. In this Tafsir, Dr. Abdul Hakim Khan wrote that belief in MGA was not necessary for any Muslim. This is where and when MGA took up this topic and he wrote a letter to Dr. Khan explaining how his rejectors were Kafirs. After MGA died, his sons took this up, in 1911, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad (the soon to be Khalifa) began calling Non-Ahmadi-Muslims as Kafirs and quoting MGA’s letter of 1906. The soon-to-be-Lahori-Ahmadi’s immediately disagreed, Khwaja Kamaluddin immediately issued a response wherein he claimed the son of the founder was wrong and etc. This question was left to Nooruddin, who was disabled mentally and physically at the time. More controversy followed, Noorudin died without officially solving the issue. The Split happened and this was the main issue between the two groups, prophethood was also included, Ismuhu Ahmad was also included but dropped by 1923 by the Khalifa. The Qadiani-sect did open Takfir in those days to all Muslims and to the Lahori-Ahmadi’s. By 1923, the Khalifa ordered Ahmadi’s to stop doing open Takfir, the Takfir went silent, and has been silent and deceptive since 1923. However, some of the hard-core Ahmadi’s will proudly call the deniers of MGA as Kafirs.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Sir Syed Ahmad Khan on 2:62 in the 1870’s via his Tafsir, “Tafsir-i-Ahmadi”
As we all know, MGA and his team copied Sir Syed Ahmad Khan almost word-for-word, except for the Jesus in India=Yuz Asaf theory, that is very unique to Ahmadiyya. They also copied Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in terms of “Jesus is Dead” and Jinn=bacteria. Nevertheless, we are sure that Sir Syed Ahmad Khan used this verse to explain that Christians, Sabians, Jews, and all other pagans were eligible for heaven. Or at a minimum should be seen and treated as respectful members of society.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________MGA never commented on 2:62 in the famous Braheen-e-Ahmadiyya
MGA and his team of writers/scribes totally avoided this verse in this book. It should be remembered that 100+ verses of Quran were touched on in this collection.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________MGA waited until 1906 to commentate on this verse
To date, MGA and his team of writers never commented on this verse at all. We haven’t found any evidence. What we have found is that MGA was having his beef with an Ahmadi, Dr. Abdul Hakim Khan in 1906 over the implications of this verse. Dr. Abdul Hakim Khan emphatically wrote in his commentary that belief in MGA was not necessary, which caused MGA to ex-communicate Dr. Khan and to declare Takfir to all Muslims in the world.
Mirza Mahmud Ahmad quotes MGA’s letter to Dr. Khan and does open Takfir. Kwaja Kamaluddin and Muhammadi Ali object. Noorudin tries to keep the peace, but fails.
The split happens, the Qadiani-sect breaks away while doing open-Takfir, the Lahori’s refuse to call the belief in MGA as mandatory and also call him a non-prophet type.
Muhammad Ali (The Lahori-Ahmadi) publishes his commentary on the Quran and under this verse (2:62), he writes that it doesn’t actually mean that Christians and Jews can make it to heaven without belief in Muhammad (Saw) and Allah.
The Ahmadiyya Khalifa orders Ahmadi’s to stop doing open Takfir, the Takfir goes underground.
While in court, the Ahmadiyya Khalifa claims that he never meant to do Takfir, and it was only meant as talking down to Muslims and Lahori-Ahmadi’s, in other words, it was only symbolic Takfir.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________The 1988 official-5-volume commentary of the Quran by Malik Ghulam Farid and others
“””The verse important and much difference arisen about its meaning. Some who are not in the-habit Of making a deep study Of the Quran have hastily jump to the conclusion that, according to this verse, belief in Islam is not necessary. They say that anybody, whether he is a Muslim, Jew, Christian or any other, who sincerely believes in the Last Day and does good deeds will be saved. Nothing can be farther from the truth. The Quran emphatically declares in a number of verses that belief in the Holy Prophet and in his revelation is essential.”””
Additional info on this 5-volume commentary
This commentary seems to have been published in 1947 and then again in the 1960’s. Those editions were destroyed by Ahmadiyya leadership.
While commenting on this the 4th Khalifa says: [P22 Islam’s response to Contemporary Issues]
“”””As such, followers of all religions based on Divine revelation have been granted the assurance that provided they do not fail to recognize the truth of a new religion (despite their sincere efforts to understand) and stick honestly and truly to the values of their ancestral religion, they have nothing to fear from God and will not be denied salvation.”””
Mirza Tahir Ahmad clearly comments on 2:62 and tells his questioner that anyone can go to heaven, converting to Ahmadiyya isn’t necessary.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________Links and Related Essays
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