Not much is known about the early life of Muhammad Zia ul Haq from Jalandhar. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was born in a Punjabi Arain family in Jalandhar, Punjab Province of British India,on 12 August 1924 as the second child of Muhammad Akbar, who worked in the administrative corps of the Army GHQ of India Command of British Armed Forces in Delhi and Simla, prior to the independence of India from British colonial rule in 1947. He seems to have attended the Qadiani-Ahmadi Jalsa-Salana in December of 1941 and got into the bait of the Khalifa. This seems to have expedited his chances of gaining employment in the British military (See the al-Fazl of January 20th, 1942. Zia’s wife was an Ahmadi too (her father was most likely Dr. Lal Din). Most of her personal doctors were also Ahmadi.
He completed his initial education in Simla and then attended St. Stephen’s College of the University of Delhi for his BA degree in History, from which he graduated with distinction in 1943. He was admitted to the Royal Indian Military Academy at Dehradun, graduating in May 1945 among the last group of officers to be commissioned before the independence of India. During his collegiate years, he was noted as an extraordinary talent. He married Shafiq Jahan in 1950, (she was his cousin)(See Shaheed ul Islam M Zia ul Huq, page 28). Begum Shafiq Zia died on 6 January 1996. Zia is survived by his sons, Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq, (born 1953), who went into politics and became a cabinet minister in the government of Nawaz Sharif, and Anwar-ul-Haq (born 1960) and his daughters, Zain (born 1972), a special needs child, Rubina Saleem, who is married to a Pakistani banker and has been living in the United States since 1980, and Quratulain Zia who currently lives in London, and is married to Pakistani doctor, Adnan Majid.
The Ahmadiyya connection and his father?
Zia’s father was an Lahori-Ahmadi, his name was Akber Ali, he was also sometimes called Babu Akber Ali. He worked at the Ahmadiyya jamaat in Simla during WW-2. Also called Maulvi Muhammad Akbar Ali, and numbardar, Muhammad Akber Ali. He was fast friends with another famous Lahori-Ahmadi, his best friend, Abdur Rahman.
His father can be spotted in these pics from the 1930’s:
Muhammad Zia Ul Haq and the Ahmadiyya connection
It seems that Zia Ul Haq from Jalandhar attended the 1941 Qadiani-Ahmadi annual Jalsa in Qadian. He also signed the bait form, the Al-Fazl report, see in the below.
1946, The British-India Army Punjab regiment, #15-8, Dated as 25 Feb 1946
They were celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad. Zia’s father recited the Quran before the function, in 2 places, as Maulvi Akbar Ali.
The scan is from the Al-Fazl of 31 march 1951. Zia and his father are listed as regular subscribers to the Qadiani magazine Al-Fazl. Zia also visits the Al-Fazl mosque in London with his colleague Brigadier Ijaz Ahmad Khan.
Zia invites Dr. Salaam to Pakistan From December 15th–23rd of 1979, after he wins the Nobel
After winning the nobel prize, with other scientists, Zia-ul-Haq wooed him to come back to Pakistan and possibly help Pakistan fight off the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and to . Dr. Salaam didn’t fly on commercial aircraft, instead, he flew on the Presidents aircraft (see pages 96-97, Singh). Salam arrived at the Karachi airport on 12-15-1979 (See Al-Nahl of 1997, page 112), only his Pakistani wife was with him, his British wife was not. On 12-16-79 he visited his sister in Multan. He then flew to Sargodha (in the afternoon)(which is barely 20 miles from Rabwah), he was received at the Pakistani Air Force base in Sarghoda, he was received by Mirza Tahir Ahmad and Mirza Khurshid Ahmad. They then drove to Rabwah under police escort. Dr. Salam attended the Ahmadiyya Jalsa in Rabwah in December of 1979 under govt. escort. On 12-18-1979, he flew from Rabwah to Islamabad via military helicopter. He was received by military and civilian government leaders and was allowed to spend the day and night at “Sindh house”. He met Zia ul Haq on that day also(See Al-Nahl of 1997, pages 112-113). Zia ul Haq then allowed Dr. Salam to read his prayers separately and called him a better Muslim than himself. On 12-19-1979, Sala visited PINSTECH, Major General Shafiq was also there. On 12-20-1979, Zia gave Salam the country’s highest civilian honour, Nishan-e-Imtiaz, some Ahmadi’s were also there and vouched for all of this info in the Al-Nahl. On 12-21-1979, Salam flew to Peshawar and was again met by all the top military and civilian leaders of that area. Lt. general Fazal Haq was also there. Again they traveled via Military aircraft. In the afternoon, they flew to Lahore. Lt.General Sawar Khan hosted Salam and gave an amazing dinner at the Governor’s house, many Ahmadi’s were there also. On 12-23-1979, Salam gave a speech at the Punjab University of Lahore. A private dinner was arranged wherein mostly Ahmadi’s ate with Dr. Salam. On 12-24-1979, Dr. Salam left via military helicopter for Jhang, many Ahmadi’s were with him. He slept in a government rest house. On 12-25-1979, Salam left Jhang for Sargodha, via military helicopter, he then drove to Rabwah to attend the Jalsa, which lasted until 12-27-1979. On 12-28-1979, Salam was driven by Ahmadi youth to Lahore. On 12-29-1979, Salam headed out for Karachi. On 12-30-1979, he visited Sindh University. Lt. General Abassi hosted dinner of Salam that night, he was the governor of Sindh at that time. On 1-2-1980, Salam returned to England. After that, he got a visa for India (which is really hard) and visited his old teacher in India. Then again in 1987, Zia invited Dr. Salam as an official guest of the Government of Pakistan. When Zia died in 1988, Dr. Salam rejoiced.
Zia employs two famous Ahmadi’s and make them in-charge of the Army Surgical Unit, Lt-Gen Mahmood-ul-Hassan and his protege Major General Dr. Mahmood ul Hassan Noori who was probably the last Qadiani to make it to the rank of General.
Mirza Nasir Ahmad is seen at the Rawalpindi Army Surgical Unit for heart attack, this is after he married a girl that is 50 years younger than him. Dr. Noori seems to have done an angiography procedure. In this same time-frame, Ahmadi’s became over-represented in government jobs in Pakistan, thus proving that Zia was pro-Qadiani’s.
A prominent Lahori-Ahmadi who is working in Zia’s staff as ambassador to Mexico dies in Texas. His name was Major General Abdullah Saeed Khan, he seems to have been removed from military service by Bhutto in 1974-1975, and re-instated by Zia in 1977.
The famous Ahmadi Generals
The first ever Ahmadi General was General Nazir Ahmad (1947), he was mentioned in the famous list of 199 Ahmadi officers that was presented to the boundary commission in 1947. Colonel Mirza Daud Ahmad was also mentioned in the list, he is a grandson of MGA. After him came General Abdul Ali Malik and General Akhtar Hussain Malik (these 2 are brothers), Zafar Ahmad Chaudhry, Major General Iftikhar Janjua, Major General Ijaz Amjad, Brigadier General Ijaz Ahmad Khan, Brigadier General Waqiuz Zaman, the Lahori-Ahmadi Major General Abdul Saeed Khan, and we are still adding to the list. There were also those were super trusted by the colonist back in 1947, they were Major Malik Habib-ullah (who died at the age of a 100) (from Dhulmial), Captain Nizam ud Din (he was the father of Brigadier General Mohammad Iqbal Khan) and Captain Umar Hayat (father of Commander Yousaf), Major-General Nasir Ahmad Chaudhry is another. In terms of Medical Doctors, Dr. Major Shah Nawaz, Commander Dr. Abdul Latif (ww-2 era) were some of the first. During Zia’s era, Lt-Gen Mahmood-ul-Hassan and his protege Major General Dr. Mahmood ul Hassan Noori who was probably the last Qadiani to make it to the rank of General.
Famous Ahmadi officer’s who almost made General
Major Syed Maqbool Ahmad was a colleague of Zia and one of the founders of ISI.
Nasir Ahmad Faruqi (a Lahori-Ahmadi)
He was the principal secretary for Ayub Khan from 1959 to 1969 as well as Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan for the 1965 election, which was totally rigged. The elections in Pakistan were under his control in 1970 also.
Links and Related Essays
Hadees-e-Arzoo Mandi: An autobiography by Lt. Gen. Mahmud-ul-Hassan, A review by the grandson of Mahmood ul Hassan,Shaukat Ali Jawaid).
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