Maulvi Nazir Ahmad Ali was sent to the Gold coast (Ghana) by his Khalifa in 1929, he stayed at worked until 1933 (see Fisher). His real name was Nazir Ahmad. He was given the title of Ali in 1945, after his death. At which point he returned to India. He was a sickly man and always spit blood. He had to be quarantined many times while traveling. He was sent again to the Gold Coast (Ghana) by the Khalifa in 1936. He stayed for one year. In 1937, he moved over to Freetown, Sierra Leone, and thus became the first ever permanent Ahmadi mullah in Sierra Leone. He seems to have died in Sierra Leone in 1954 (see Fisher). While he was in Ghana in 1936, he seems to have worked with Al Hajj Fadl-ul-Rahman Hakim for a short while.
His son is in Canada
His son is the famous Ahmadi Mullah, Mubarak Ahmad Nazir. He has been an ahmadi mullah in Canada for a long time. In 1945, he travelled with his mother and father to Sierra Leone from Qadian, India.
He arrived as an Ahmadi Mullah in Ghana (Gold Coast).
He returns to Qadian, India.
He arrives in Ghana again, just for a year this time. He travelled with another Ahmadi Mullah, Nazir Ahmad Mubasher. Ahmadiyya sources claim that Maulvi Nazir Ali went to Mecca and performed the Hajj.
He arrives in Freetown, Sierra Leone. We would live here the last years of his life.
Upon the year of his arrival, Ali settled in Freetown, and established the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community of Sierra Leone. Before long, he gave a lecture at the Wilberforce Memorial Hall, the principal public meeting place of the city, addressing the Muslim and Christian populations of the country. In this early address, he introduced the Community and the coming of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as the Imam Mahdi for the Muslims, and the second coming of Jesus for the Christians. At another event, he solely addressed Muslims at the Islamia School adjacent to a Mandinka mosque. Such addresses directed at the Muslim populations often gave rise to hostilities from Muslim communities. Perhaps for his safety, Ali moved into the house of Kande Bure, chief of the Temne people of Freetown, and a Cabinet minister.
However, having been rejected by the majority of Muslim groups in Freetown, Ali decided to move to a coastal town, Mange Bure, in the Port Loko District. Kande Bure himself was born in Mange Bure, where his father was an influential political figure. Having achieved little success in his preaching efforts, Ali moved; this time in the same district to the small port-town of Rokupr. Here Ali had reasonable success, where he managed to establish a small community of Ahmadi Muslims, among them a number of local influential figures. Rokupr was also the site of the first school established by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community of Sierra Leone.
In 1939, Ali transferred to Baomahun, a flourishing gold mining town, south of Bo in the Eastern Province of Sierra Leone. Multiple reasons have been postulated for this move. It has been suggested that a Syrian trader in Baomahun wrote a letter to Ali after having read Ahmadiyya literature. In another instance, Droman, a vice-chief, invited Ali to Baomahun. Nevertheless, Ali was welcomed as a renowned preacher, as his fame grew across the country. Soon after his arrival, he initiated his preaching efforts inviting people to accept the message of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as the Imam Mahdi. During this period a prevalent belief in Sierra Leone was that the appearance of the Mahdi would be announced by the beating of great drums, as a result of which the nonbelievers will perish, which Ali interpreted as a parable. Soon, Baomahun developed into a full-fledged headquarters of the Ahmadiyya missionary activities in Sierra Leone, as many people joined the Community.
In March 1940, Mufti Muhammad Sadiq arrived as Sierra Leone’s second missionary. By this time, the town boasted a school and an Ahmadi Muslim mosque. The latter was provided for, after a discussion with its builder, Sanpha Tulla. The former initially had two teachers, one from Rokupr and another from Saltpond, the Ghanaian missionary headquarters.
During the 1940s, Ali made multiple expeditions across the country. One notable journey was towards the east, as a consequence of which two of the most prominent people became Ahmadi Muslims. In Boajibu, Ali met Khalil Gamanga, a Paramount Chief of the Kenema District. Gamanga soon accepted Ahmadiyya and made notable contributions to the faith in the country. In Fala, Ali confronted with Qasim, Chief of Baama and a leading diamond magnate. In 1958, Qasim took Sadiq on a pilgrimage to Mecca. As Baomahun was a mining town, its gold was gradually exhausted, and thus its future was bound to be threatened. This led to two important consequences. The dispersion of its inhabitants, many of whom were Ahmadi Muslims, led to the spread of Ahmadiyya teachings across towns and villages of the country. On the other hand, the Ahmadiyya headquarters had to be relocated for which Bo was conveniently selected.
By 1942, a mission was established in Magburaka, in the Tonkolili District. A year later, in 1943 a school was opened in the city, and a number of influential figures became Ahmadi Muslims.
As Baomahun was a mining town, its gold was gradually exhausted, and thus its future was bound to be threatened. This led to two important consequences. The dispersion of its inhabitants, many of whom were Ahmadi Muslims, led to the spread of Ahmadiyya teachings across towns and villages of the country. On the other hand, the Ahmadiyya headquarters had to be relocated for which Bo was conveniently selected.
He returns to Qadian, India.
He was given the title of Ali.
His Khalifa sent him again to Sierra Leone, this time, with his family. By the end of 1946, he had moved to Ghana (Gold Coast) and was working there (see Fisher). He worked in Ghana until 1950. His son, Mubarak Ahmad Nazir got seriously sick.
He returned to Qadian, India, this time via London. It was found that he had a whole in his lungs. most likely from smoking. He spit blood constantly.
In 1954 Ali made his third and final journey to Sierra Leone. He died in the country on 19 May 1954. By this time, Ali was the only Pakistani Ahmadi to have given the majority of his working life to West Africa.
Nazir Ahmad Ali, first permanent missionary to Sierra Leone.
Links and Related Essay’s
Stefan Reichmuth. “Education and the Growth of Religious Associations among Yoruba Muslims: The Ansar-Ud-Deen Society of Nigeria”, Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol. 26, Fasc. 4 (Nov., 1996). p 8.
- “THE AHMADIYYA MOVEMENT IN NIGERIA”. HARVARD DIVINITY SCHOOL. RETRIEVED SEPTEMBER 19, 2015.
- Animashaun, Bashir (2012) Jibril Felix Martin (1888 – 1959) and the spread of Western education among Muslims in 20th century Lagos. Ilorin Journal of History and International Studies Vol 3 No 1 2012
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