Intro
Modern day Sri Lanka aka Ceylon was under the British government for a long time, roughly from 1800 to 1948. Per Ahmadiyya records, the first Ahmadiyya missionary was sent to Sri Lanka and then later Mauritius in 1915 (see “Ahmadiyya Muslim Mosques Around The World”), his name was Sufi Ghulam Muhammad, who seems to be not mentioned much in the history of Ahmadiyya. He wasn’t an Ahmadi in 1896 when the famous list of the 313 companions was created. Sufi Ghulam Muhammad did his BA from Punjab University and asked Khalifatul Masih I if he should memorise the Qur’an or go on to take his MA. He was advised to memorise the Qur’an first. Sufi sahib did this in six months and when he informed Khalifatul Masih I he offered a Sajda [posture of prostration] of gratefulness. Per the english-ROR of February, a new Ahmadiyya missionary, Maulvi Hafiz Ghulam Muhammad, B.A. was also sent to Ceylon, aka Sri Lanka. February 1915, page 80. He left Qadian on February 20th, 1915, he was educated at the famous Aligarh Muslim College, many Ahmadi mullahs were educated there. This was before the Jamia was created at Qadian. He was also set to travel to Mauritius.

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1907
Per Ahmadiyya records, after reading Ahmadiyya newspapers, a person named Abdul Aziz requested to join the Ahmadiyya via a letter. This could be a total fake however.
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1915
Sufi Ghulam Muhammad is sent as a missionary to Mauritius, however, he stops in Sri Lanka and works on creating an Ahmadiyya center there. Per the english-ROR of February, a new Ahmadiyya missionary, Maulvi Hafiz Ghulam Muhammad, B.A. was also sent to Ceylon, aka Sri Lanka. February 1915, page 80. He left Qadian on February 20th, 1915, he was educated at the famous Aligarh Muslim College, many Ahmadi mullahs were educated there. This was before the Jamia was created at Qadian. He was also set to travel to Mauritius.
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1919
The The Review of Religions, October and November 1919 reports: 

The secretary of the Colombo Ahmadiyya Association reports:

“Opposition to us has become very bitter again, owing to malicious letters appearing in a local non-Ahmadi paper and the continued preaching by a South Indian, thousands flocking to hear him. He has preached in four centers and now last of all is expected in Slave Island. We are not afraid. Allah is our Helper.”

This bitterness of opposition on the part of the non-Ahmadi public of Ceylon and the activities of the South Indian preacher who is going about delivering lectures against the Ahmadiyya movement is a proof that our brethren there are working zealously to convey to their fellow-islanders the message of the Promised Messiah. Enemies of truth always do their worst to destroy heavenly movements and so are our opponents in Ceylon doing. But all their efforts are doomed to failure and we pray that God may help our brethren in the island and enable them to make Ceylon an Ahmadi Island.
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1920
Per Ahmadiyya sources, an ahmadi and his sons severely beat up some Muslims and were nevertheless acquitted. The British judges, who were appointed by the British government absolved these Ahmadi’s even though they were clearly guilty. The names of Ahmadi’s are not given.
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1929
A permanent Ahmadiyya missionary is sent to Sri Lanka, his name is Maulana A.P. Ibrahim.
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1932
An Ahmadiyya mosque is built.
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1985
For the first time ever, an Ahmadiyya Khalifa visits.

A current listing of Ahmadiyya buildings in Sri Lanka

Pics from “Ahmadiyya mosques around the world, a pictorial presentation

Links and Related Essays

https://www.alislam.org/friday-sermon/index2.php?d=2011-12-30

https://www.alislam.org/friday-sermon/2005-12-09.html

https://www.alislam.org/friday-sermon/index2.php?d=2011-12-30

In 1939, Italy banned Ahmadiyya, however, the British government quickly interceded on behalf of Ahmadiyya

THE FIRST MUSLIM MISSIONS ON A EUROPEAN SCALE: AHMADI-LAHORI NETWORKS IN THE INTER-WAR PERIOD – Eric Germain [Pages 89-118] (2008)

https://ahmadiyyafactcheckblog.com/?s=Russia

“The Ahmadiyya Print Jihad in South and Southeast Asia” (2009) in Islamic Connections: Muslim Societies in South and Southeast Asia, eds. M. Feener and T. Sevea

100 Years Ago… – Ahmadiyya Mission News

100 Years Ago… – “I shall humiliate him who seeks to humiliate you”: Ahmadiyya victory in Ceylon

The history of the Lahori and Qadiani Ahmadi’s by Dr. Gerdien Jonker, Ph.D–Research Scholar Germany

100 years of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Mauritius

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